| Agricultural development workers training manual - Volume III Crops |
Aside from the crops tech reference package (see Printed Materials Section), which should be given each crops trainee and trainer, the following additional references are very useful:
I. Suggested vegetable related references to be ordered for each trainee:
Insect Pests, Geo. Fitcher, a Golden Guide, Western Pub. Co., 1220 Mound Ave., Racine, Wisconsin 53404, Tel. 494-633-2431 or to order, $2.95. Very useful pocket Guide with drawings and descriptions of many common vegetable, field crop, livestock, and human pests found worldwide.
Soils, Crops, and Fertilizer Use, 1980, ea., PC/ICE Reprint R8. A how-to guide on essential hands-on and tech skills needed for trouble-shooting soils, soil conservation, and maximizing returns from the appropriate use of organic can chemical fertilizers under small farmer conditions.
"Tomato Diseases and their Control", USDA Agric. Handbook No. 203, $1.00. Sometimes available free through PC/ICE. Complete pictorial and descriptive guide to tomato diseases and their control methods. A much shorter USDA bulletin, "Controlling Tomato Diseases in the Home Garden" is usually available through PC/ICE.
Intensive Vegetable Gardening for Profit and Self-sufficiency, PC/ICE Reprint R-25. Contains some very practical information on small scale gardening, particularly tool selection, home fabrication of tools and water lifts, garden planning, and basic production practices. However, the manual is based on Jamaican conditions and tends to oversimplify important areas like soil fertility and fertilizer use, watering, and pest and disease control.
II. Suggested vegetable and field crop related references for inclusion in a training center ag library: (In some cases, such as the field crop pocket disease guides, they may be worth ordering for each trainee.)
Vegetable Growing Handbook, W. Splittstoesser, AVI Pub. Co., Westport, CN, 1979. An unusually practical textbook.
Producing Vegetable Crops, Ware and McCollum, 3rd ea., 1980, Thompson Publications, Box 9335, Fresno, CA 93791, $18.00. Geared to commercial production but still useful.
The Self-Sufficient Vegetable Gardener, J. Seymour, Dolphin Books, Garden City, N.Y. 1980, $9.95. Probably the most reliable and complete of the home gardening books. Covers land preparation through harvest practices plus drying, canning, and more. Like most such books, it is based on temperate zone conditions. Well illustrated.
Handbook for Vegetable Growers, J. Knott, John Wiley and Sons, N.Y. 1962. Despite its age, it contains many useful tables on irrigation, crop adaptation, time to maturity, fertilizers, etc.
All About Vegetables, Ortho Book Series, Chevron Chemical Company, 575 Market Street, San Francisco, California 94105, $4.98. Often available in garden and book stores. Another useful supplemental vegetable gardening guide; well illustrated; based on temperate zone conditions. A good beginner's guide for home gardening. Tends to oversimplify.
Down to Earth Vegetable Gardening Know-How, D. Raymond, Garden Way Publications, Charlotte, Vermont, 05445, $5.95. Very useful guidelines for selecting, processing, and saving seed, but does not address the problem of seed-borne diseases.
How to Grow More Vegetables, J. Jeavons, Ten Speed Press, Box 7123, Berkley, California 94707, $5.95. This popular book on the biodynamic/French intensive method of organic gardening offers some useful advice on double-digging, deep bed preparation, and hexagonal planting. However, it oversimplifies watering (i.e. the "shiny" method), and gets bogged down in unproven statements and doubtful practices such as planting by the moon, relying on portable soil test kits, the "poisoning" effect of chemical fertilizers. The benefits of companion planting are overstated.
INSECTS, DISEASES, WEEDS, NEMATODES
North Carolina Agricultural Chemicals Handbook, Division of Continuing Education, Box 5125, Raleigh, North Carolina 27650, $5.00. Revised yearly. Gives dosages, application rates, and safety precautions for insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, nematocides.
Insect Pests of Farm, Garden, and Orchard, 7th ea., R. Davidson and W. Lyon, 1979, John Wiley and Sons, N.Y. Good for identification and life cycles.
Complete Guide to Pest Control, George Ware, Thompson Publications, Box 9335, Fresno, California 93791, $19.00. Cover organic and chemical insect, disease, weed, nematode, rodent, and bird controls. Very helpful.
Thompson Guides. Book I: Insecticides; Book II: Herbicides; Book IV: Fungicides, Thompson Publications (see address above). $13.50 each. Lists and describes the most widely used pesticides including common names, uses, rates (per acre), pests controlled, toxicity (oral only), and precautions.
Plant Disease Control, E. Sharvelle, AVI Pub. Co., Westport, CN, 1979. One of the most practical texts available.
Color Handbook of Garden Insects, A. Carr, Rodale Press, Emmaus, PA, $12.95. Contains 300 full color pictures of common harmful and beneficial insects (including eggs in some cases). An especially good insect guide.
"Handbook on Biological Control of Plant Pests", Brooklyn Botanic Gardens, 1000 Washington Avenue, Brooklyn, New York 11225, $2.55, 1960. Covers predator insects, microbial insecticides, other non-chemical controls. Good pictures of lace bugs, lady bugs, aphid lions, etc.
"Nematode Control", Bull 652, Coop. Extension Service, Univ. of Georgia, College of Agriculture, Athens, Georgia 30602. Covers diagnosis and control of nematodes. Well illustrated, very helpful.
Agricultural Pests of the Tropics, 1975, D. Hill, Cambridge University Press, London, 1975.
"Maize Diseases: A Guide for Field Identification", Information Bulletin No. 11, CIMMYT, Apartado Postal 6-641, Mexico 6, D.F., $2.50. Available in English and Spanish. Pocket pictorial guide for diagnosis but does not give control measures.
"A Compendium of Corn Diseases", 2nd edition, 1980, American Phytopathological Society, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, Minnesota 55121, $11.00. Well illustrated and complete descriptions and control measures for diseases and nematodes; also includes hunger signs and environmental problems.
Sorghum and Millet Diseases
"Sorghum and Pearl Millet Disease Identification Handbook", Information Bulletin No. 2, ICRISAT, P.O. Patancheru 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA or Texas Agricultural Experimental Station, Texas A & M, College Station, Texas 77843. Pocket guide, illustrated, but does not give control measures.
"Sorghum Diseases", Bull 1085, Texas Agricultural Extension Service, Texas A & M University, College Station, Texas 77&43. Pictorial guide that also discuss controls.
Rice Diseases, Insects
"Field Problems of Tropical Rice", IRRI, 1970, available from Unipub, 345 Park Avenue South, New York, New York 10010, $5.00. Pocket pictorial guide that also covers hunger signs.
"Peanut Disease Guide", #AG224, North Carolina Agricultural Extension Service, 1980. Great pictures but does not discuss controls.
Bean Diseases, Insects
"Field Problems of Beans in Latin America", 1978, CIAT, Apdo. Aereo 6713, California, Columbia, $5.60 plus air postage ($3.50 for U.S., $2.50 for Latin America, $6.00 for Asia and Africa). Available in English and Spanish; includes diseases, insects, and hunger signs, pictures.
Bean Production Problems: Disease, Insect, Soil, and Climatic Constraints of Phaseolus Vulgaris, ed. by H. Schwarz and G. Galvez, 1980, CIAT (see address above), $15.00 plus air postage.
"Soybean Diseases Atlas", Cooperative Extension Service, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29631.
"The Potato: Major Diseases and Nematodes , *1 International Potato Center, Apartado 5959, Lima, Peru or Box 25171, Nairobi, Kenya or Box 1237, Islamabad, Pakistan or c/o PCARR, Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines; one copy free, others $3.00 each. Pocket pictorial guide; does not give control measures.
*1Available in English, French or Spanish.
Compendium of Potato Diseases, 1981, American Phytopathological Society, 3340 Pilot Knob Road, St. Paul, Minnesota 55121, $11.00 illustrations. The best available; also gives control measures.
SOIL MANAGEMENT, FERTILIZER USE
Southern Gardener's Soil Handbook, W. Peavy, Pacesetter Press, Box 2608, Houston, Texas 77001, $4.95. Down to earth tech and hands-on coverage of improving clayey soils, composting, organic and chemical fertilizers, mulching, and watering by an extension horticulturist.
The Nature and Properties of Soils, North Brady, 8th ea., 1974, MacMillan Publishing Company, 866 3rd Avenue, New York, New York 10022. A dry but excellent text covering the tech side of plant nutrition, fertilizer use, soil classification, liming, and soil salinity.
Hunger Signs in Crops, H. Sprague, David McKay Company, New York, N.Y., 193 illustrations. Covers field crops, vegetables, citrus, tobacco, pasture legumes and grasses, grapes, deciduous tree fruits.
Irrigation Principles and Practices, 1969, PC/ICE Reprint R5. Useful reference on water measurement, irrigation planning, crop water needs.
Irrigation: When? How much? Why , Bull A-20, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721. Very helpful guide on furrow irrigation.
FIELD CROP PRODUCTION
Traditional Field Crops, 1981, PC/ICE. Covers maize, sorghum, millet, beans, peanuts, and cowpea production under small farmer conditions. Detailed information on characteristics, adaptation, cropping systems, land preparation, planting, pest control, fertilizer use, liming, harvesting, drying, and storage.
Small Farm Grain Storage, PC/ICE, 1976. Must reading for anyone contemplating work in grain storage. This well written and detailed manual covers principles and practices of drying, storage, and rodent-insect control. Includes designs for grain dryers, cribs, silos, and bins.
Manual on Improved Farm and Village Level Grain Storage Methods, D. Dichter (co-author of the manual above), German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ), Dag-Hammarskjold-Weg 1, D-6236 Eschborn 1, Federal Republic of Germany. Less complete than the Small Farm Grain Storage manual but considerably less bulky. Contains some design improvements for the mud brick silo.
Crop Production Handbook, PC/ICE Reprint R6, 1969. Too academic an overview to be of much use.
Guide for Field Crops in the Tropicals and Sub-tropics, PC/ICE Reprint R10, 1976. An AID publication covering cereals, legumes, oil crops, bananas, fiber crops, and tuber crops. Not very field-oriented.
Principles of Field Crop Production, Martin & Leonard, MacMillan Publishing Company, New York, 1976. Good general reference but oriented to temperate zone production.
Modern Corn Production, Aldrich & Leng, 2nd, ea., 1978, Thompson Publications, Box 9335, Fresno, California 93791, $21.75. The best in-depth yet practical guide to maize growing available. Well illustrated and geared toward the field.
On Farm Maize Drying and Storage in the Humid Tropics, FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin No. 40, 1979. Available from Unipub, 345 Park Avenue, South, New York, N.Y. 10010, $7.50. Results of work at the African Rural Storage Center Project in West Africa.
Pearl Millet, Rachie & Majmudar, Penn State University Park and London, 1980.
Training Manual for Rice Production, 1976, IRRI, Unipub, 345 Park Avenue South, New York, New York 10010, $12.00 plus $1.00 postage. Step-by-step lesson plans on flooded rice production growing practices.
A Farmer's Primer on Growing Rice, IRRI, 1979, Unipub, (see address above), $14.50 plus postage. Covers basic growing practices for flooded rice.
"Growing Peanuts in Georgia," Bulletin 640, 1979, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Georgia, College of Agriculture, Athens, Georgia 30602. Geared to mechanized production but contains much useful information on peanut characteristics, adaptation, crop rotations, pests and diseases, growing practices.
Modern Soybean Production, Scott & Aldrich, Thompson Publications, Box 9335, Fresno, California 93791, $18.50. The best overall reference on soybean production. Well illustrated.
ROOT AND TUBER CROPS
"Tropical Horticulture for Secondary Schools - Teacher's Manual", Book 2, Edward Soucie, PATS Educational Foundation of Micronesia, P.O. Box 39, Ponape, Caroline Islands 96941. An excellent practical manual covering tropical yams, taro, sweetpotato, cassava, as well as banana, breadfruit, and coconut. Contains a useful bibliography.
"Growing and Marketing Quality Sweetpotatoes", North Carolina Agricultural Extension Service, Circular 563, 1976.
IITA (International Institute of Tropical Agriculture) has an extensive research program in tropical yam (Dioscorea spp.) production. CIAT (International Center for Tropical Agriculture) does work with cassava (Manioc). Both institutes have useful publications available on these crops which can be obtained by requesting a catalog from the addresses below:
IITA, PMB 5320, Ibadan, Nigeria, West Africa
CIAT, Apartado Aereo 6713, Cali, Columbia, South America
TROPICAL AGRICULTURE - General
An Introduction to the Botany of Tropical Crops, Cobley and Steele, 3rd edition, 1977, Longman, London and New York.
"Agricultural Extension: The Training and Visit System , D. Benor and J. Harrison, 1977, World Bank, 1818 H Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20433. Explains the operation and advantages of using a systematic program of continual in-service training for village extension workers, combined with fixed schedule visits by them to the fields of contact farmers who play an important role in extending new practices to others. Many of the suggestions are suited to PC agricultural programs.
Agricultural extension manual to be published by PC/ICE in 1982.