| Tools for teaching - A visual aids workshop, and instruction manual for health educators |
|Session 1. Introduction to the visual aids workshop|
|Handout 1.8.1 Making & using visual aids (Supplementary learning materials)|
Flip charts are a series of pictures joined together at the top in such a way that each picture may be flipped over to the back in order to expose the next image. Flip charts can be used to show a sequence of events or to illustrate a discussion of alternatives - different types of toilet construction, for example.
To make a flip chart:
1) Plan your presentation.
• Outline your script. Plan on asking your audience to describe what they see. Ask leading questions. Encourage discussion.
• Conceptualize the visual images that will illustrate your presentation.
• Make a storyboard. Draw rough sketches of each visual image you are going to use and write down what you want to say about each one. Note what kinds of questions you will raise.
• Indicate the sequence on paper or make the storyboard on 3" x 5" cards. The advantage to putting each image with the accompanying script on individual cards is that the cards can easily be arranged and rearranged to produce the most effective presentation sequence. After the order has been determined, number the cards sequentially.
2) Pretest your presentation.
Before you spend a lot of time and energy doing finished artwork, show your storyboard to your family, your friends, and your professional colleagues. Ask them to give you an honest evaluation. Pay attention to their suggestions and modify the visual ideas and the script accordingly.
3) Complete the finished artwork.
• Draw the visual images on separate pieces of heavy paper. Include a title page. Be sure each picture is large enough to be seen easily by every member of your audience. If you are going to include words, print them clearly in bold type. Keep copy to a minimum.
• To make it easier to remember the verbal presentation, write down the part of the script that goes with each picture on the back of the page before. Along with the writing, include a small copy of the picture that is being shown. This way you'll know what the group is looking at.
4) Make the flip chart self-supporting.
• Cut two pieces of 1/8" plywood (or heavy, stiff cardboard) about 1" wider and 1" longer than the chart.
• Drill two matching holes in the top of each board.
• Punch matching holes at the top of each flip chart page.
• Sandwich the paper between the two boards and fasten together with metal rings. If these are not available, use two loops of heavy twine.
• To keep the stand from spreading apart, drill one hole in the bottom center of the back board. Notch the bottom of the cover board in the center. Thread a piece of heavy twine through the bottom hole and knot each end. Stand the chart up by flipping the cover board to the back and sliding the knotted string into the notch.
An alternative method:
1) Draw the chart on brown paper.
2) Bolt the paper between two narrow strips of wood that are a little longer than the width of the paper.
3) Loop string around each end of the wooden strips to make a hanger.
4) Roll the chart for easy transport and storage.