| Tools for teaching - A visual aids workshop, and instruction manual for health educators |
|Session 1. Introduction to the visual aids workshop|
|Handout 1.8.1 Making & using visual aids (Supplementary learning materials)|
A comic book presents a story in picture form. The plot is developed by means of conversation between the characters. The words spoken by each character are shown in a "balloon" over the character's head. With the exception of the title and words indicating a time change (e.g. "later...", "the next day...", etc.), no other copy appears in a comic. Action and descriptive detail are communicated by the pictures themselves.
Reading a comic is an individual activity. The story should be entertaining in order to hold the reader's attention. The educational message must be simple and clear. Pictures ought to reflect the lifestyle and experience of the target audience.
Comics provide an effective way to send a health message into the community. They are simple to make and inexpensive to reproduce.
To make a comic book:
1) Choose your topic. Write a brief message that conveys clearly the point you want to make.
2) Decide how you will develop your story. Write a synopsis of the action.
3) Make a storyboard. Draw rough sketches of the pictures you plan to use. These are called frames. Write the dialogue for each frame right next to it.
4) Lay out the comic book. Use your storyboard to determine the number of frames and how many pages you will need.
• Plan to reproduce the comic book on legal size (8½" x 13") paper. Folded in half crosswise, legal size paper will make a 6½" x 8½" booklet.
• Each sheet of 8½" x 13" paper is equal to 4 comic book pages.
• You will be able to get 4 to 6 frames on each comic book page
• The layout for an 8-page comic book with 4 frames per page looks like this:
• The layout for a 12-page comic book with 6 frames per page looks like this:
• Notice the numbering of the pages. Make a practice book from scrap paper to see how the pages go together. The practice book is called a dummy.
5) Develop the artwork.
• Letter the title in a bold type style.
• Make the drawings for each frame
• Print dialogue clearly and legibly in the balloons.
NOTE: It is customary to draw the balloon for spoken words like this:
To indicate what a character is thinking, draw the balloon with little "bubbles" like this:
6) Rule out all the frames on a Gestescript stencil. You will need a separate stencil for each side of each sheet. Carefully copy the artwork and dialogue into each frame.
7) Reproduce the comic book on a mimeograph machine. Collate, fold, and staple the sheets together.