Cover Image
close this book Forestry training manual for the Africa region
View the document Acknowledgements
View the document Trainee guidelines
Open this folder and view contents Training program overview
Open this folder and view contents Conducting the training program
Open this folder and view contents Presenting the sessions
View the document Words about transition
View the document Session 1 : Welcome, expectations, and evaluation criteria
View the document Session 2 : Special projects
View the document Session 3 : The forests of the world, peace corps' forestry goals, the individual volunteer's role
View the document Session 4 : Record keeping - group process
View the document Session 5 : Video tapes
View the document Session 6 : Agro-forestry data collection
View the document Session 7 : Feedback
View the document Session 8 : Flowers, seeds, the beginning
View the document Session 9 : Nutrition
View the document Session 10 : Non-verbal communication
View the document Session 11 : Germination
View the document Session 12 : Coping skills
View the document Session 13 : Basic site selection, planning & layout of a nursery
View the document Session 14 : Review of trainees' nursery plan
View the document Session 15 communication through illustration
View the document Session 16 : Soil preparation, seedbed sowing
View the document Session 17 : Individual interviews
View the document Session 18 : Reproduction by clippings and nursery review
View the document Session 19 : Introduction to extension
View the document Session 20 : Protection and record keeping (Insect collection)
View the document Session 20A : Chicken preparation
View the document Session 21 : The volunteers' role as an extensionist
View the document Session 22 : Tropical horticulture: care, tending and disease control
View the document Session 23 : Women in development - part I
View the document Session 24 : Team building
View the document Session 25 : Building and using a rustic transit
View the document Session 26 : Women in development - part II
View the document Session 27 : Working with groups as an extension worker
View the document Session 28 : Trees: identification & planting
View the document Session 29 : Lesson plan and use of visual aids in teaching
View the document Session 30 : The ugly American
View the document Session 31 : Catchments - sowing of seedlings into catchments
View the document Session 32 : Weekly interview
View the document Session 33 : Agro-forestry
View the document Session 34 : Community analysis introduction
View the document Session 35 : Soils
View the document Session 36 : Community analysis
View the document Session 37 : Irrigation
View the document Session 38 : Review of expectations - mid-way
View the document Session 39 : Problem analysis
View the document Session 40 : Soil erosion
View the document Session 41 : Species report - research demonstration
View the document Session 42 : Cultural values
View the document Session 43 : Wellbeing
View the document Session 44 : Field trip overview
View the document Session 45 : Agro-forestry reports
View the document Session 46 : Weekly interview
View the document Session 47 : Leave on week-long field trip
View the document Session 48 : Pesticides
View the document Session 49 : Review of field trips
View the document Session 50 : Resources
View the document Session 51 : Area measurement, pacing, compass use
View the document Session 52 : Compost heap - greenhouse construction - germination percentage
View the document Session 53 : Culture shock
View the document Session 54 : Range management
View the document Session 55 : Grafting and fruit trees
View the document Session 56 : Professional approaches to interaction with host country officials
View the document Session 57 : Project planning: goal setting
View the document Session 58 : Final interviews
View the document Session 59 : Ecology teams presentations
View the document Session 60 : Graduation

Session 4 : Record keeping - group process

Total time 2 hours 15 minutes

Goals

- To establish the importance of record keeping as scientists and as responsible Peace Corps Volunteers.

- To observe group process.

Overview

This session is devoted to the importance of accurate record keeping not only during training but also as a professional habit during Peace Corps service.' The group will also look at its own group process.

Exercises

1. Record Keeping

2. Group Process

Materials

Flip charts, marker pens, tape.

Exercise 1 Record Keeping

Total time 1 hour 30 minutes

Overview

This exercise provides the trainees with an opportunity to realize the importance of record keeping as essential during training and Peace Corps service.

Procedure

Activities

1. The trainer asks that the trainees get together with four other people with whom they have not worked.

Activities

2. The trainer gives the group the following problem which is posted on newsprint : What information would you need to know if you arrived three weeks after an experiment in germination was be gun in a nursery and you were expected to take over the experiment? Trainer asks the groups to make a list of all data they would need.

Time

20 minutes

Activities

3. Have two groups meet together and combine their lists.

Time

10 minutes

Activities

4. The combined groups present their data sheet to large group.

Time

10 minutes

Activities

5. The combined groups are given the task of designing a record keeping form. They must determine how they can best do the task with such a large group. The form developed is put on newsprint.

Time

30 minutes

Trainer’s Note: The purpose of combining groups (making them large) is to have groups experience having people with the same information but articulating it in a different way.

Activities

6. The groups make presentations and critique the other forms.

Time

10 minutes

Activities

7. Using newsprint, the trainer summarizes as follows : Data Sheet A. Careful layout, B. Easy to read, C. Easy to use, D. All on one sheet if possible, E. All data can be important.

8. The trainer stresses once again the importance of keeping records during training. 9. 'Move from this exercise directly into the "Group Process. exercise.

Exercise 2 Group Process

Total time 45 minutes

Goals

- To explore the group process,

- To understand collaboration.

Overview

Experiential learnings and group collaboration are emphasized in this exercise.

Procedure

Activities

1. Each group is instructed to discuss observations of the group process on a technical and interpersonal level. Some questions that may stimulate discussion are:

A. What were the reactions of group members regarding various individual technical skill levels in the group?

B. Did people find it a help or a hinderance to work with people of different skill levels?

C. How were decisions made during the data/form making process?

D. What factors contributed to or impeded mutually shared decision-making?

Time

15 minutes

Activities

2. The trainer presents a summary of various styles in group decision making, including:

- The "pulp",

- Self authorization,

- Handclasp,

- Baiting,

- Authority rule,

- Majority vote,

- Unanimous consent,

- Consensus.

A short discussion concerning the potentially positive (satisfying) or negative (frustrating) consequences of each type of decision-making technique follows. The trainer should point out that all the styles, with the exception of consensus, often preclude the full involvement and commitment of some group members, or ignore important issues that should be raised. Mutually shared decision-making, termed consensus, is a positive alternative to other styles; although it may require more time and increased sensitivity to the individual group member, it provides for the commitment necessary for group cohesiveness and cooperation.

Time

15 minutes

Activities

3. Each group meets to discuss the styles of decision-making that characterized their group during the record keeping exercise.

Time

10 minutes

Activities

4. The trainer guides a summary of group conclusions concerning decision-making styles and group cooperation. Some points for discussion are:

A. The perceived value of different styles to facilitate accomplishing a group task,

B. The reaction of group members to various styles,

C. Observations of ways to improve - group dynamics during training,

D. The application of such experience to the role of the volunteer in forestry extension work.

Time

5 minutes