Cover Image
close this book Forestry training manual for the Africa region
View the document Acknowledgements
View the document Trainee guidelines
Open this folder and view contents Training program overview
Open this folder and view contents Conducting the training program
Open this folder and view contents Presenting the sessions
View the document Words about transition
View the document Session 1 : Welcome, expectations, and evaluation criteria
View the document Session 2 : Special projects
View the document Session 3 : The forests of the world, peace corps' forestry goals, the individual volunteer's role
View the document Session 4 : Record keeping - group process
View the document Session 5 : Video tapes
View the document Session 6 : Agro-forestry data collection
View the document Session 7 : Feedback
View the document Session 8 : Flowers, seeds, the beginning
View the document Session 9 : Nutrition
View the document Session 10 : Non-verbal communication
View the document Session 11 : Germination
View the document Session 12 : Coping skills
View the document Session 13 : Basic site selection, planning & layout of a nursery
View the document Session 14 : Review of trainees' nursery plan
View the document Session 15 communication through illustration
View the document Session 16 : Soil preparation, seedbed sowing
View the document Session 17 : Individual interviews
View the document Session 18 : Reproduction by clippings and nursery review
View the document Session 19 : Introduction to extension
View the document Session 20 : Protection and record keeping (Insect collection)
View the document Session 20A : Chicken preparation
View the document Session 21 : The volunteers' role as an extensionist
View the document Session 22 : Tropical horticulture: care, tending and disease control
View the document Session 23 : Women in development - part I
View the document Session 24 : Team building
View the document Session 25 : Building and using a rustic transit
View the document Session 26 : Women in development - part II
View the document Session 27 : Working with groups as an extension worker
View the document Session 28 : Trees: identification & planting
View the document Session 29 : Lesson plan and use of visual aids in teaching
View the document Session 30 : The ugly American
View the document Session 31 : Catchments - sowing of seedlings into catchments
View the document Session 32 : Weekly interview
View the document Session 33 : Agro-forestry
View the document Session 34 : Community analysis introduction
View the document Session 35 : Soils
View the document Session 36 : Community analysis
View the document Session 37 : Irrigation
View the document Session 38 : Review of expectations - mid-way
View the document Session 39 : Problem analysis
View the document Session 40 : Soil erosion
View the document Session 41 : Species report - research demonstration
View the document Session 42 : Cultural values
View the document Session 43 : Wellbeing
View the document Session 44 : Field trip overview
View the document Session 45 : Agro-forestry reports
View the document Session 46 : Weekly interview
View the document Session 47 : Leave on week-long field trip
View the document Session 48 : Pesticides
View the document Session 49 : Review of field trips
View the document Session 50 : Resources
View the document Session 51 : Area measurement, pacing, compass use
View the document Session 52 : Compost heap - greenhouse construction - germination percentage
View the document Session 53 : Culture shock
View the document Session 54 : Range management
View the document Session 55 : Grafting and fruit trees
View the document Session 56 : Professional approaches to interaction with host country officials
View the document Session 57 : Project planning: goal setting
View the document Session 58 : Final interviews
View the document Session 59 : Ecology teams presentations
View the document Session 60 : Graduation

Session 13 : Basic site selection, planning & layout of a nursery

Total time 4 hours

Goals

- To introduce nursery teams and explain how and why they were chosen,

- To explore knowledge within the group about nursery site selection,

- To explore group experience in planning and layout of a nursery,

- To explore group process in an unstructured situation.

Overview

In this session, the trainees will be asked to plan a nursery. They will be divided into teams which have been chosen by the trainer's and given the task without further instructions. It is during this session that the trainees' ingenuity and ability to organize is pushed.

Exercises

1. Factors to be Considered in Nursery Sites

2. Location of Site and Planning of Nursery

Materials

Flip charts, marker pens, tape.

Exercise 1 Factors to be Considered in Nursery Sites

Total time 2 hours

Overview

Building upon the groups' knowledge, the trainers will attempt to determine factors to be considered in planning a possible nursery site.

Procedures

Activities

1. The nursery teams are introduced. The trainer explains that teams have been chosen as a result of staff observations of how they have worked individually over the last three days. They are unchangeable and non-negotiable. Strengths have been take. into consideration as well as weaknesses, Lastly, role models from which others could benefit through observation of their working styles were considered. If anyone is curious as to why they are in specific groups, they can ask privately and will be given the information.

Time

10 minutes

Activities

2. The trainer instructs the nursery teams to get together and list on newsprint those factors that they feel are important in choosing a site for establishing a forest nursery.

Time

45 minutes

Activities

3. The teams make presentations to the large group. Each presentation is questioned and discussed by the forester/trainer and other group members.

Time

30 minutes

Activities

4. The forester/trainer presents a summary lecture. He/she then puts the following on newsprint:

Nursery Site Selection

Points to consider:

1. Moderate elope

a. drainage

b. watering

2. Good soil (A soil sample should be taken)

3. Frost-free site

4. Protection from winds

5. No large trees nearby

6. Near water

7. Good labor supply

8. Close to transportation

9. Written permission of owner

10. Caretaker

11. Fencing

12. Not used recently as nursery

13. Sufficient size for anticipated seedling demand - expansion

14. No weeds

Time

15 minutes

Activities

5. The technical trainer explains that you will not always, if ever, find everything on site.

Nursery Site Trade-offs

1. What is really important?

2. What can you live with?

Activities

6. The forester/trainer explains planning the layout of a nursery.

- Layout of nursery

Contiguous group of seed beds to facilitate ease of working and irrigating.

- Seed beds

a. Built-up 15 - 20 centimeters,

b. 1 - 1.3 meters wide.

- Walkways

40 - 80 centimeters for ease of access.

Time

15 minutes

Activities

7. The trainer instructs the trainees to draw up plans for Session 14.

Time

5 minutes

Exercise 2 Location of Nursery Site and Planning

Total time 2 hours

Overview

Leadership ability to organize and the ingenuity of group members are highlighted. The trainees are given an approximate idea of possible site locations. The trainers leave the area and are not available to the group as they decide upon a site and draw up their plane. The trainers return and review the site plan and help the group examine their own process.

Procedures

Activities

1. The trainer identifies an area near the training center, shows sketch map of area, and tells the trainees that they are to plan a nursery in that area. Written instructions are:

- Each row will be four meters long. Each nursery group will be responsible for one row.

- Plan the layout; when the trainees have the nursery area planned, bring it to the trainer to be evaluated. All the trainers leave without answering any further questions.

Time

1 hour 30 minutes

Activities

2. The trainers return to the center and ask about the group's process. Some possible questions are:

A. Who took charge of the overall project? How did they do it?

B. What problems did they have or are still having?

C. Is everyone satisfied with the plan?

D. How did the nursery groups communicate and interact with each other?

E. How were decisions made?

Time

30 minutes

Activities

3. The trainer summarizes the morning activities.

Trainer’s Note: A great deal of frustration and hard feelings on the part of the trainees are to be expected. They will expect more structure, resist making decisions, and be angry when they are not met with total approval for their plane. In fact, we have never been able to accept the first alto chosen by trainees.