Cover Image
close this book Forestry training manual for the Africa region
View the document Acknowledgements
View the document Trainee guidelines
Open this folder and view contents Training program overview
Open this folder and view contents Conducting the training program
Open this folder and view contents Presenting the sessions
View the document Words about transition
View the document Session 1 : Welcome, expectations, and evaluation criteria
View the document Session 2 : Special projects
View the document Session 3 : The forests of the world, peace corps' forestry goals, the individual volunteer's role
View the document Session 4 : Record keeping - group process
View the document Session 5 : Video tapes
View the document Session 6 : Agro-forestry data collection
View the document Session 7 : Feedback
View the document Session 8 : Flowers, seeds, the beginning
View the document Session 9 : Nutrition
View the document Session 10 : Non-verbal communication
View the document Session 11 : Germination
View the document Session 12 : Coping skills
View the document Session 13 : Basic site selection, planning & layout of a nursery
View the document Session 14 : Review of trainees' nursery plan
View the document Session 15 communication through illustration
View the document Session 16 : Soil preparation, seedbed sowing
View the document Session 17 : Individual interviews
View the document Session 18 : Reproduction by clippings and nursery review
View the document Session 19 : Introduction to extension
View the document Session 20 : Protection and record keeping (Insect collection)
View the document Session 20A : Chicken preparation
View the document Session 21 : The volunteers' role as an extensionist
View the document Session 22 : Tropical horticulture: care, tending and disease control
View the document Session 23 : Women in development - part I
View the document Session 24 : Team building
View the document Session 25 : Building and using a rustic transit
View the document Session 26 : Women in development - part II
View the document Session 27 : Working with groups as an extension worker
View the document Session 28 : Trees: identification & planting
View the document Session 29 : Lesson plan and use of visual aids in teaching
View the document Session 30 : The ugly American
View the document Session 31 : Catchments - sowing of seedlings into catchments
View the document Session 32 : Weekly interview
View the document Session 33 : Agro-forestry
View the document Session 34 : Community analysis introduction
View the document Session 35 : Soils
View the document Session 36 : Community analysis
View the document Session 37 : Irrigation
View the document Session 38 : Review of expectations - mid-way
View the document Session 39 : Problem analysis
View the document Session 40 : Soil erosion
View the document Session 41 : Species report - research demonstration
View the document Session 42 : Cultural values
View the document Session 43 : Wellbeing
View the document Session 44 : Field trip overview
View the document Session 45 : Agro-forestry reports
View the document Session 46 : Weekly interview
View the document Session 47 : Leave on week-long field trip
View the document Session 48 : Pesticides
View the document Session 49 : Review of field trips
View the document Session 50 : Resources
View the document Session 51 : Area measurement, pacing, compass use
View the document Session 52 : Compost heap - greenhouse construction - germination percentage
View the document Session 53 : Culture shock
View the document Session 54 : Range management
View the document Session 55 : Grafting and fruit trees
View the document Session 56 : Professional approaches to interaction with host country officials
View the document Session 57 : Project planning: goal setting
View the document Session 58 : Final interviews
View the document Session 59 : Ecology teams presentations
View the document Session 60 : Graduation

Session 14 : Review of trainees' nursery plan

Total time 2 hours 30 minutes

Goals

- For the trainees to experience summarizing events,

- For the trainees to present their plans for a nursery,

- For the technical trainer to review plans and approve start of the nursery layout.

Overview

In this session the trainees start with a communication exercise. This exercise helps the trainees begin the process of summarizing events. The technical trainer reviews nursery plans, makes suggestions/corrections and may approve the start of work on the nursery layout.

Trainer’s Note: The frustrations of the previous exercise are very evident in this session. The summarizing exercise helps the trainees to articulate pent-up feelings.

Exercises

1. Summarizing

2. Review of Nursery Plans

Material

Flip chart paper, markers, tape.

Exercise 1 Summarizing

Total time 30 minutes

Overview

This exercise is designed as a short, quick energizer/change of pace and is used in conjunction with the technical training session. It is done by the technical trainer as a way of integrating a skill which can be used for technical learning. This is the first introduction of this exercise and it will be used later in the program.

Procedures

Activities

1. The technical trainer asks the participants to examine the technical training of the past three days and prepare an explanation of what has happened and what they have learned so that they can inform someone else about it.

Time

2 minutes

Activities

2. The technical trainer asks the participants to form padre, preferably with someone who has a different technical training experience (i.e., generalist with forester). One person explains his technical training experience of the past three days while the other person listens an then summarizes his/her partner's presentation. Then the trainees switch roles and repeat the process.

Time

10 minutes

Activities

3. Bring the group together and discuss the experience by asking:

- What, if anything, caused difficulty?

- How did it feel to hear the other person try to summarize your content?

- Upon what do you have to concentrate to become a better summarizer?

- What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of summarizing?

Time

15 minutes

Activities

4. The technical trainer asks the groups

- What can we say about summarizing as a communication skill?

5. Close by stating that we will return to practice summarizing as a skill from time to time throughout the training.

Exercise 2 Review of Trainee Nursery Plan and Layout of Nursery

Total time 2 hours

Overview

In this exercise the technical trainer reviews the trainees' nursery plan and provides comments about the process of arriving at that plan. The trainees will then proceed to the nursery site and begin to lay out their nursery.

Procedure

Activities

1. The technical trainer reviews the nursery plan, makes recommendations, and points out work that is excellent and that which is not. He/she discusses with the group that this nursery will be their responsibility during the rest of training. They will lay out, prepare the soil, sow seeds and keep the nursery watered. No one will remind them, but the trainers will check progress from time to time.

Time

10 minutes

Activities

2. The trainees are now instructed to layout the nursery. They know where the tools are kept. No further instructions are given. Once again, the trainers become unavailable.

Time

1 hour 45 minutes

Trainer’s Note: There will be more trainees than work space and tools. The groups will have to negotiate the use of tools and space with each other.

Activities

3. The trainers arrive and check the nursery layout. Observations are made on the group work at the site. Nothing is said about the group process at this point. The trainers collect data.

Time

5 minutes

Trainer’s Note: On the following pages is the nursery report that we requested along with the nursery plan that was submitted for approval.

Peace Corps Volunteer Nursery (Pepiniere) Report

The PCV nursery was begun on 7/17/82 after the plan was approved by the technical trainer. Beds were constructed, fencing was made, and the first seeds were planted on 7/23/82. The soil mixture was made using one part sand, two parts organic matter (saw dust), and three parts soil. The following is a report of the results of this nursery.

Nursery Description

The Nursery (la pepiniere) is located at the University of Arizona Conference Center, just outside of Oracle, Arizona. To reach the nursery, drive out past The Suffolk House to the conference building. Outside the door at the bottom level, there is a sign directing you to the nursery. If you follow the signs, you will find the nursery in the lee of a large tan water tank.

The nursery is surrounded by a fence constructed of recycled sheep fencing, plywood, and tin roofing. The fence was dug into the ground approximately six inches to discourage rabbits. Strips of lathing were woven into the bottom foot of sheep fencing to further discourage rabbits.

As one enters by the main gate next to the water tank, there are two long seedbeds on the right ( see nursery layout plan). These were raised 15 - 20 cm. above the ground and held in place with white cement pipes. Suspended over the seedbeds are several different types of shading; we used palm fronds, lathes and empty boxing crates. In the southern corner of the nursery, we placed a compost bin and piles of organic matter, soil and sand.

Straight ahead as one enters are the sunken and raised seed beds (beds 1 - 8). Beds 5 - 8 are raised. They are surrounded with rows of single bricks and are shaded with palm fronds and wooden frames. Only beds 6, 7 and 8 actually contain seedlings in bags. Beds 1 - 4 are sunken into the ground 20 cm. In these beds are groups of seed bags containing seeds and some seedlings. Each group is a different species. All the tools and records of the nursery are kept in the shed.

Discussion of Results

All beds were checked twice daily and watered if necessary. Checks were made also for possible problems. The problems that were encountered included pest damage (mice), plastic bags folding over, puddling in seed beds, algae in plastic bags and crusting of the soil. All of these problems affected the germination of our seeds as well as the survival rate of the seedlings.

The direct seedbeds experienced mainly puddling and crusting of the soil due to an insufficient amount of organic matter and mice damage. There was not enough time to conduct proper germination tests, so the viability of the seeds used was uncertain. This may account for the low germination rate.

In addition to the problems encountered in the direct seed beds, the bagged seed beds also experienced difficulty with bag tops folding over because of soil levels and algae in the bags because of poor drainage due to too few holes in the begs. The Eucalyptus camaldurensis was too small when it was transplanted which accounts for its low survival rate.

The species which exhibited good germination and growth (greater than 40%) were Foothill Paloverde, Mexican Paloverde, Blue Paloverde, Desert Broom, Red Bird of Paradise and Desert Willow. Of the transplanted seedlings, Acacia holosecia and Chilean mesquite both showed good survival rates.


Figure 2 : Nursery bed

Transplanted (orphan) Seedling Data (Table 1)

Species

Container Type

Date Planted

# Planted

# Alive8/11/82

Bed Number

Percent Survival

Acacia holosercia

Paper bags

7/23

154

150

8

98

"

Plastic bags

7/23

60

54

8

90

"

Plastic bags

7/24

118

86

8

73

"

Plastic bags

7/23

75

5

7

7

"

Plastic bags

7/23

75

70

7

93

Chilean Mesquite

Plastic bags

7/24

60

45

7

75

Eucalyptus camladulns.

Plastic bags

 

1000

50

6

 

TOTAL

1, 542

460

   

BAG SEEDING Planted ( 7/30/82) (Table 2)

Bed #

Species

Number Planted

# Alive 8/11/82

Percent Survival

Number of Bags

Depth (cm) Planted

1

Desert Marigold

660

7

1

33

.25

2

Bursage

56

0

0

28

1.00

3

Primrose

82

3

4

41

.50

4

Paper Flower

100

6

6

25

.50

5

Atriplex leutiforms

56

0

-

28

1.00

6

Desert Broom

210

30

15

42

2.00

7

Dadensa viscosa

192

3

2

64

.75

8

Desert Broom

210

30

15

42

2.00

9

Desert Willow

90

43

48

64

.50

10

Atriplex leutiforms

90

3

3

45

.50

PCV Nursery Fact Sheet

Construction dates : 7/17/82 - 7/22/82

Per bed

Total

Square meters direct seeding:

11m2

22m2

Square meters bagged seeding:

Sunken beds

3m2

12m2

Raised beds

3m2

12m2

Total m2

46m2

Total number seeds planted :

Direct seeding

11,448

Bag seeding

2,197

TOTAL

13,645

Number germinated* as of 8/11/82 :

Direct seeding

872

Bag seeding

174

TOTAL

1,046

* Does not include those sacrificed to herbivores.

Total number of seedlings transplanted :

Number planted

1,542

Number survived

460

Grand total of seedlings in nursery:

1,506

Total number of species planted

24

Direct Seed Beds (2 species for each bed) (Table 3)

BED #

SPECIES

DATE PLANTED

DEPTH (cm)

# PLANTED

# GERM

% GERM

AVG. HT. (cm)

# ROWS

1

Mesquite

7/23

1

180

0

0

-

5

Foothill Palvd.

7/24

2

40

11

28

10

5

2

Mesquite .

7/23

1

180

0

0

-

5

Mex Paloverde

7/24

1

96

46

47

10

6

3

Mesquite

7/23

1

180

1

0.6

2.5

5

Blue Paloverde

7/24

1

75

48

64

9

5

4

Mesquite

7/23

1

140

0

0

-

4

Mtn. Mahogany

7/24

1.5

240

25

11

1

8

5

Mesquite

7/23

1

180

3

2

1.5

5

Brittlebrush

7/24

1

200

14

7

2

5

Numbering for seeds planted in bags

9

 

14

19

   

1

15

12

18

   

3

 

6/8

11

4

2*

20

   

16

 

5*

10/17

 

13

7

   

*Orphan seedlings