Cover Image
close this book Forestry training manual for the Africa region
View the document Acknowledgements
View the document Trainee guidelines
Open this folder and view contents Training program overview
Open this folder and view contents Conducting the training program
Open this folder and view contents Presenting the sessions
View the document Words about transition
View the document Session 1 : Welcome, expectations, and evaluation criteria
View the document Session 2 : Special projects
View the document Session 3 : The forests of the world, peace corps' forestry goals, the individual volunteer's role
View the document Session 4 : Record keeping - group process
View the document Session 5 : Video tapes
View the document Session 6 : Agro-forestry data collection
View the document Session 7 : Feedback
View the document Session 8 : Flowers, seeds, the beginning
View the document Session 9 : Nutrition
View the document Session 10 : Non-verbal communication
View the document Session 11 : Germination
View the document Session 12 : Coping skills
View the document Session 13 : Basic site selection, planning & layout of a nursery
View the document Session 14 : Review of trainees' nursery plan
View the document Session 15 communication through illustration
View the document Session 16 : Soil preparation, seedbed sowing
View the document Session 17 : Individual interviews
View the document Session 18 : Reproduction by clippings and nursery review
View the document Session 19 : Introduction to extension
View the document Session 20 : Protection and record keeping (Insect collection)
View the document Session 20A : Chicken preparation
View the document Session 21 : The volunteers' role as an extensionist
View the document Session 22 : Tropical horticulture: care, tending and disease control
View the document Session 23 : Women in development - part I
View the document Session 24 : Team building
View the document Session 25 : Building and using a rustic transit
View the document Session 26 : Women in development - part II
View the document Session 27 : Working with groups as an extension worker
View the document Session 28 : Trees: identification & planting
View the document Session 29 : Lesson plan and use of visual aids in teaching
View the document Session 30 : The ugly American
View the document Session 31 : Catchments - sowing of seedlings into catchments
View the document Session 32 : Weekly interview
View the document Session 33 : Agro-forestry
View the document Session 34 : Community analysis introduction
View the document Session 35 : Soils
View the document Session 36 : Community analysis
View the document Session 37 : Irrigation
View the document Session 38 : Review of expectations - mid-way
View the document Session 39 : Problem analysis
View the document Session 40 : Soil erosion
View the document Session 41 : Species report - research demonstration
View the document Session 42 : Cultural values
View the document Session 43 : Wellbeing
View the document Session 44 : Field trip overview
View the document Session 45 : Agro-forestry reports
View the document Session 46 : Weekly interview
View the document Session 47 : Leave on week-long field trip
View the document Session 48 : Pesticides
View the document Session 49 : Review of field trips
View the document Session 50 : Resources
View the document Session 51 : Area measurement, pacing, compass use
View the document Session 52 : Compost heap - greenhouse construction - germination percentage
View the document Session 53 : Culture shock
View the document Session 54 : Range management
View the document Session 55 : Grafting and fruit trees
View the document Session 56 : Professional approaches to interaction with host country officials
View the document Session 57 : Project planning: goal setting
View the document Session 58 : Final interviews
View the document Session 59 : Ecology teams presentations
View the document Session 60 : Graduation

Session 16 : Soil preparation, seedbed sowing

Total time Approximately 4 hours

Goals

- To give information about soil preparation, and seed bed sowing,

- To prepare soil in nursery and get seed beds ready for sowing.

Overview

Information about soils is given as a refresher for some and new information for others in this session. The trainees prepare the soil and get the seed beds ready for sowing.

Exercises

1. Soil Preparation and Seedbed Sowing

2. Soil Preparation and Seedbed Sowing

Materials

Flip charts, marker pens, tape, string, shovels, rakes.

Exercise 1 Soil Preparation and Seed Bed Sowing

Total time 1 hour 30 minutes

Overview

The technical trainer gives a lecture on soil preparation and seedbed sowing. For many participants this will be a refresher session and the technical trainer should ask people to make comments about their experiences.

Procedures

Activities

1. The technical trainer gives a lecture using the following outline. It is recommended that the outline be placed on newsprint and displayed as the technical trainer teaches various stages during the lecture. A newsprint outline helps to hold attention.

Time

1 hour 30 minutes

SOIL PREPARATION

1. If a danger of disease exists, the soil might be sterilized by:

a. Boiling water,

b. Acid treatment,

c. Heating soil on steel plate.

2. Might be better to move site.

3. Chemical sterilization.

4. Fertilization medium to be mixed with soil according to need.

5. organic material might have to be added to help retain soil moisture and/or improve texture. The following are possibilities:

a. Compost,

b. Straw,

c. Chopped pine needles (dry),

d. Sawdust (aged).

1) Toxic effect?

2) Nutrient loss?

(Organic material could contain weed seeds and/or fungi or insects).

6. Mycorrhiza.

7. pH 6.5 (slightly acid).

SOWING

1. Across the bed - facilitates weeding.

2. Make your own seed "trench":

a. Board,

b. Depth of trench (see drawing on following page).

3. Sow sand in seed trench (optional).

4. Sprinkle seed in trench.

5. Number of seeds/meter:

a. Size of seedling,

b. Plant species,

c. Germination prospects,

d. 1 viable seed/cm.

6. Cover with sand or dirt.

7. Water heavily after sowing.

8. You may put straw over beds - for protection against birds and moisture retention.

Exercise 2 Soil Preparation & Seedbed Sowing

Total time 2 hours 30 minutes

Overview

This exercise is the last formal time allotted for work on the trainees' nursery. However, the weather and their own group process may not allow for the final seedbed sowing. It is possible to finish on the next day.

Procedures

Activities

1. The trainer starts with observations made by staff members as to how the nursery groups have worked together. He/she sake the trainees to verify these observations. The observations are listed on newsprint.

Time

5 minutes

Activities

2. The trainer asks the nursery groups to give each other feedback about :

- How they worked together,

- How they feel about the amount of work,

- How they feel about the leadership in the group,

- How they feel they have worked with other nursery groups,

- How they now feel about themselves as a group.

Time

30 minutes

Activities

3. The trainer asks the group to call out adjectives that describe themselves and records them on newsprint. He/she talks about the importance of feedback in the group process.

Time

10 minutes

Activities

4. The groups are given instructions to finish their nursery. The trainer asks who is keeping records. Make no comment on answer. The trainers once again leave the nursery area.

Time

1 hour 45 minutes