Cover Image
close this book Forestry training manual for the Africa region
View the document Acknowledgements
View the document Trainee guidelines
Open this folder and view contents Training program overview
Open this folder and view contents Conducting the training program
Open this folder and view contents Presenting the sessions
View the document Words about transition
View the document Session 1 : Welcome, expectations, and evaluation criteria
View the document Session 2 : Special projects
View the document Session 3 : The forests of the world, peace corps' forestry goals, the individual volunteer's role
View the document Session 4 : Record keeping - group process
View the document Session 5 : Video tapes
View the document Session 6 : Agro-forestry data collection
View the document Session 7 : Feedback
View the document Session 8 : Flowers, seeds, the beginning
View the document Session 9 : Nutrition
View the document Session 10 : Non-verbal communication
View the document Session 11 : Germination
View the document Session 12 : Coping skills
View the document Session 13 : Basic site selection, planning & layout of a nursery
View the document Session 14 : Review of trainees' nursery plan
View the document Session 15 communication through illustration
View the document Session 16 : Soil preparation, seedbed sowing
View the document Session 17 : Individual interviews
View the document Session 18 : Reproduction by clippings and nursery review
View the document Session 19 : Introduction to extension
View the document Session 20 : Protection and record keeping (Insect collection)
View the document Session 20A : Chicken preparation
View the document Session 21 : The volunteers' role as an extensionist
View the document Session 22 : Tropical horticulture: care, tending and disease control
View the document Session 23 : Women in development - part I
View the document Session 24 : Team building
View the document Session 25 : Building and using a rustic transit
View the document Session 26 : Women in development - part II
View the document Session 27 : Working with groups as an extension worker
View the document Session 28 : Trees: identification & planting
View the document Session 29 : Lesson plan and use of visual aids in teaching
View the document Session 30 : The ugly American
View the document Session 31 : Catchments - sowing of seedlings into catchments
View the document Session 32 : Weekly interview
View the document Session 33 : Agro-forestry
View the document Session 34 : Community analysis introduction
View the document Session 35 : Soils
View the document Session 36 : Community analysis
View the document Session 37 : Irrigation
View the document Session 38 : Review of expectations - mid-way
View the document Session 39 : Problem analysis
View the document Session 40 : Soil erosion
View the document Session 41 : Species report - research demonstration
View the document Session 42 : Cultural values
View the document Session 43 : Wellbeing
View the document Session 44 : Field trip overview
View the document Session 45 : Agro-forestry reports
View the document Session 46 : Weekly interview
View the document Session 47 : Leave on week-long field trip
View the document Session 48 : Pesticides
View the document Session 49 : Review of field trips
View the document Session 50 : Resources
View the document Session 51 : Area measurement, pacing, compass use
View the document Session 52 : Compost heap - greenhouse construction - germination percentage
View the document Session 53 : Culture shock
View the document Session 54 : Range management
View the document Session 55 : Grafting and fruit trees
View the document Session 56 : Professional approaches to interaction with host country officials
View the document Session 57 : Project planning: goal setting
View the document Session 58 : Final interviews
View the document Session 59 : Ecology teams presentations
View the document Session 60 : Graduation

Session 20 : Protection and record keeping (Insect collection)

Total time 4 hours 15 minutes

Goals

- To give information about the protection of a nursery from animals, disease, weeds and insects,

- To review record keeping practices,

- To have the trainees decide upon a standard record keeping format,

- Special projects Insect collection.

Overview

This session completes the technical presentations in establishing a nursery. The trainees will have the satisfaction of having planned, laid out, prepared soil and finally sowed the seeds in their own nursery. Also, record keeping is reviewed and trainees decide upon a standard format for keeping nursery records. Protection of a nursery is discussed in depth. The special project on insect collection is introduced in this session.

Exercises

1. Protection and Summary of Week's Nursery Activity

2. Insect Collection

3. Record Keeping Practices - Decision Making

Materials

Flip chart paper, markers, tape, pins, insect collection bottles, cardboard.

Exercise 1 Protection of the Nursery and Summary Weeks' Activities

Total time 30 minutes

Overview

This is the final exercise focusing on establishing a nursery. The trainer will give a lecture on protection and summarize steps taken in the establishment of a nursery (there is additional time allotted in this session if nursery beds are not yet sown).

Procedures

Activities

1. The technical trainer gives a lecture on protection from the outline posted on newsprint. The outline follows. 2. The technical trainer now reviews steps that have been taken so far and links them to the next exercise.

Time

30 minutes

Protection

1. Small animals

a. mice/rats - rat poison

b. rabbits, sling shots

c. chickens

2. Large animals

a. goats/sheep

b. pigs

c. horses, cattle

d. dogs, etc.

3. Birds

a. sowed seed

b. new seedling

c. as control insects

d. bird control

1) chemicals

2) screens

3) sling shot a

4) tin cane

4. Disease - damping off

a. pre-emergence

1) sterile soil

2) sun and sterile sand

3) keep pH moderately acid

4) boiling water

b. in roots: upper part of roots infected, plants fall over, stems turn watery inside.

1) watering schedule

i. less often

ii. time of day

iii. chemicals

5. Weed control

a. herbicides

b. other

1) boards

2) burlap

3) straw

c. weeding

1) weed early - late weeding is very costly

2) use in compost

6. Insects

a. grub worms (eats roots)

b. cut worms

c. aphids

d. nematodes

e. spiders, mites, thrips

Exercise 2 Insect Collection

Total time 1 hour

Overview

The trainee for whom this is a special project introduces insect collection and has the participants collect insects. As Volunteers, they will have to collect insects for identification in the field.

Procedures

Activities

1. The trainee for whom this is a special project demonstrates several ways to collect insects; he also should speak about the purpose of insect collection.

2. The participants collect insects.

3. The special project person does exercise wrap-up.

Trainer’s Note: The following is a newsprint lecture outline for insect collection.

INSECT COLLECTION

Look for:

1. Holes in leaves

- caterpillars, beetles, crickets

2. Wilting

- soil insects - white grubs, wireworms

- stemborers

3. Leaf curling, wrinkling, yellowing

- sucking insects - aphids, leaf hoppers

4. Leaf speckling, spots of white

- mites

5. Black, sooty mold on leaves

- scale, aphids

6. Pitted, cupped leaves

- psyllids

7. Plant disappears at ground level

- cut worms, grazing animals

8. Holes in stem

- stemborers

Bug like invertebrates

1. Class Arachnida

- spiders, ticks, mites (2 body parts, 4 pairs of legs, no wings/antennae)

2. Class Crustacea

- sowbugs, pill bugs (2 pairs of antennae, 5 or more pairs of legs)

3. Class Chilopoda

- centipedes (one pair of legs per body segment)

4. Class Diplopoda

- millipedes (2 pairs of legs per body segment)

Preserving your bugs

- Hard bodied: Use alcohol killing jar; wrap jar with tape.

- Soft bodied: Boil in water for 30 seconds; preserve in alcohol


Figure 4

- Verlese sampler: Soil insects


Figure 5 : Hard bodied insects


Figure 6 : Pinning

- Use points (actual size) for small insects

- Attach with clear glue or nail polish


Figure 7

Labelling

Date:

Scientific Name:

Place:

Species found at:

Your name:

Damage also goes on here

- Use pencil or India ink

- Put label in jar if insect preserved in alcohol

- Store insects in closed box or container

- Moth flakes keep pests away

Shipping

- Pack in hard sided container

- Pack with nylons, tissue or cotton

- Include sample or description of damage

Exercise 3 Record Keeping

Total time 1 hour 45 minutes

Overview

This exercise stresses the importance of record keeping, ask what data the trainees have and how they are going to record it. Finally, the trainees will go through a decision-making process about standardizing a record-keeping method and preparing a form.

Procedures

Activities

1. The technical trainer starts this session by saying, "Remember yesterday when I asked you who wee keeping records for the nursery?" The technical trainer then remarks about the first exercise on record keeping and its importance. The trainer has two choices: he/she can (1) congratulate the participant(s) that have taken responsibility for keeping records or (2) make the point that the participants must take responsibility for keeping records, realizing that all parts of training build one upon the other.

Time

10 minutes

Activities

2. The trainer asks the group what data they need to record for the nursery that they have just established. The trainer records data titles on newsprint.

Time

10 minutes

Activities

3. The trainer says, "I feel you are ready to decide upon a standard format for recording nursery data. Please do so."

Time

1 hour

Trainer’s Note: No directions are given about the procedure or how to break into group(s). The trainers remain in the room and observe trainees organizing the project.

Activities

4. The trainer comments on the organization process which he and the other trainers have just observed. He/she asks for comments from the trainees about their own feelings over the last hour.

Time

15 minutes

Activities

5. The trainer remarks about the data recording form, additions and/or deletions.

Time

10 minutes