| Forestry training manual for the Africa region |
Total time 2 hours
- Using the same cybernetic social sub-system as used in Session 36, the trainees do problem analysis,
- Explore each possible solution's impact on the fourteen social sub-systems.
Building upon the community analysis from Session 36, the trainees should analyze a problem using the fourteen social subsystems to discover resources, patterns, and see how possible solutions affect other segments in the community. They may also discover possible support for solutions.
1. Problem Solving
Flip charts showing fourteen sub-systems.
Exercise 1 Problem Solving
Total time 2 hours
In this session the trainees work with the fourteen social cybernetic sub-systems to examine how each problem and solution impacts the other sub-systems.
1. The trainer describes the following problem solving system to the group (place on newsprint).
A. Problem identification,
B. Information gathering,
C. Pre-conclusion (hypothesis),
F. Decision making,
H. Implementation stages.
The trainer gives the following directions:
We are going to give you some problems we have identified as step A. You will check the fourteen sub-systems to determine how many are affected by the problem. This is step B. Step C will be your pre-conclusions and will include some assumptions on your part. Step D will be your diagnosis of the problem. In step E you will brainstorm for possible solutions. In Step F you will decide upon one solution and once again see how solutions will affect other sub-systems. You will decide how your solution could be implemented in step G. In step H try to look at what steps would have to be taken in implementation and what other subsystems might be involved.
You will list all steps taken on newsprint. At the end of this exercise you will describe to the group your eight step process. Each group will have a different problem on which to work.
Trainer's Note: A list of several problems that Volunteers have faced during their service follows. You may wish to add others.
1 hour 30 minutes
2. The groups describe the problems and process they used as a group on news print.
3. The trainer summarizes by emphasizing that there is no way to effect just one sub-system with a solution and that no problem effects just one sub system.
Possible Problems for Analysis
1. In a small community, a neighboring large land owner has offered a piece of land for a forestry project. The PCV has organized the group and since everything except the final arrangements for purchase of the land was ready, the group decided to proceed with planting one hectare of trees.
But after a year, permission to purchase the land had not been arranged. The landowner decided to sell his land and move to the city. The new owner refuses to recognize the value of the trees planted and the group is angry with the PCV.
2. A PCV organized a tree planting project on the land of the local school and with the students planted seedlings.
The teacher gave permission to the president of the "PTA" to graze his cows in the woodlot and many small trees were killed.
3. In a small community a PCV has established a forestry nursery with good results - largely due to the help of the president of the Town Council who got fencing, water and wages for the laborers from the town budget.
When the trees are ready for outplanting the president comes to the PCV and asks for 2000 free trees for planting on his own farm.
4. After six months of hard work in developing an interest in forest management and success in establishing a nursery, your project is going full speed. Seeing this success your counterpart is getting nervous and realizes he is going to have to spend more time on the project than he anticipated or else look very bad. He is planning a trip to headquarters to complain about you and to suggest that you be changed to another site.
5. In your community there is a high interest in tree planting and available land. A meeting was called to discuss the project and Ahmed Bah was named project chairman.
After the meeting you learn that Ahmed Bah has very few friends. In fact as a store owner who sells on credit, almost everyone owes him money and is intimidated by him. It is clear that the forestry project will not prosper under Ahmed's leadership.
Trainer’s Note: These are sample problems. It would be best to write problems that are specific to the area in which the trainees will be working.