Cover Image
close this book Forestry training manual for the Africa region
View the document Acknowledgements
View the document Trainee guidelines
Open this folder and view contents Training program overview
Open this folder and view contents Conducting the training program
Open this folder and view contents Presenting the sessions
View the document Words about transition
View the document Session 1 : Welcome, expectations, and evaluation criteria
View the document Session 2 : Special projects
View the document Session 3 : The forests of the world, peace corps' forestry goals, the individual volunteer's role
View the document Session 4 : Record keeping - group process
View the document Session 5 : Video tapes
View the document Session 6 : Agro-forestry data collection
View the document Session 7 : Feedback
View the document Session 8 : Flowers, seeds, the beginning
View the document Session 9 : Nutrition
View the document Session 10 : Non-verbal communication
View the document Session 11 : Germination
View the document Session 12 : Coping skills
View the document Session 13 : Basic site selection, planning & layout of a nursery
View the document Session 14 : Review of trainees' nursery plan
View the document Session 15 communication through illustration
View the document Session 16 : Soil preparation, seedbed sowing
View the document Session 17 : Individual interviews
View the document Session 18 : Reproduction by clippings and nursery review
View the document Session 19 : Introduction to extension
View the document Session 20 : Protection and record keeping (Insect collection)
View the document Session 20A : Chicken preparation
View the document Session 21 : The volunteers' role as an extensionist
View the document Session 22 : Tropical horticulture: care, tending and disease control
View the document Session 23 : Women in development - part I
View the document Session 24 : Team building
View the document Session 25 : Building and using a rustic transit
View the document Session 26 : Women in development - part II
View the document Session 27 : Working with groups as an extension worker
View the document Session 28 : Trees: identification & planting
View the document Session 29 : Lesson plan and use of visual aids in teaching
View the document Session 30 : The ugly American
View the document Session 31 : Catchments - sowing of seedlings into catchments
View the document Session 32 : Weekly interview
View the document Session 33 : Agro-forestry
View the document Session 34 : Community analysis introduction
View the document Session 35 : Soils
View the document Session 36 : Community analysis
View the document Session 37 : Irrigation
View the document Session 38 : Review of expectations - mid-way
View the document Session 39 : Problem analysis
View the document Session 40 : Soil erosion
View the document Session 41 : Species report - research demonstration
View the document Session 42 : Cultural values
View the document Session 43 : Wellbeing
View the document Session 44 : Field trip overview
View the document Session 45 : Agro-forestry reports
View the document Session 46 : Weekly interview
View the document Session 47 : Leave on week-long field trip
View the document Session 48 : Pesticides
View the document Session 49 : Review of field trips
View the document Session 50 : Resources
View the document Session 51 : Area measurement, pacing, compass use
View the document Session 52 : Compost heap - greenhouse construction - germination percentage
View the document Session 53 : Culture shock
View the document Session 54 : Range management
View the document Session 55 : Grafting and fruit trees
View the document Session 56 : Professional approaches to interaction with host country officials
View the document Session 57 : Project planning: goal setting
View the document Session 58 : Final interviews
View the document Session 59 : Ecology teams presentations
View the document Session 60 : Graduation

Session 42 : Cultural values

Total time 2 hours

Goals

- To recognize our own value system,

- To determine what we have learned about the host country cultural values,

- To explore commonalities and differences,

- To find ways of accepting cultural differences.

Overview

In this session, the trainees will be asked to fiat their own cultural values. The purpose is to determine how many of their own values can be identified and to examine host country cultural values. The trainees begin to recognize commonalities and differences between the two cultures. Finally, the trainees will try to begin accepting the differences.

Exercise

1. Cultural Values: An Exploration - Mine, Ours, Theirs, Acceptance

Materials

Flip charts, marker pens, tape.

Exercise 1 Cultural Values: An Exploration - Mine, Ours, Theirs, Acceptance

Total time 2 hours

Overview

In this session the trainees will explore different cultural systems and find ways to accept the differences discovered.

Procedures

Activities

1. The trainer posts on newsprint the following diagram:

BELIEFS

CULTURE

VALUES

BEHAVIOR

The trainer briefly lectures that values are not good or bad; they just are. The unique lifestyles of a

particular group of people is a learned behavior that is communicable. We are able to see two very key concepts of culture. Since cultural values are communicable, you can learn something about it. If it were not communicable, you would have nothing to do today or for the rest of your Volunteer service. To learn about the behavior of others is also very meaningful, not only in a social sense, but in a management sense. It is important for people to understand the influence that the environment has upon you and that culture. Understand that you are not "born" with a culture; you can be born into a culture but you are not born cultured. Another positive aspect of learned behavior is that not only can we broaden our appreciation of other cultures but also broaden our ability to participate in other cultures.

Prior to integration into a new culture, one should reflect upon his/her cultural background and then move forward in the process of understanding that new culture.

Time

10 minutes

Activities

2. The trainer asks the trainees to list their own cultural values. You may have done this before so it will be easy.

Time

15 minutes

Activities

3. The trainer asks the participants to form groups of four, share their lists of cultural values and look for similarities and differences in their lists.

Time

30 minutes

Activities

4. The trainer asks the groups to share their differences and write them on newsprint. He/she asks for ways in which we accept differences in our own culture.

Time

15 minutes

Activities

5. The trainer asks the groups to list as many cultural values of the host country as they can. He/she asks that after they have completed this list, they once again check for commonalities

and differences.

Time

20 minutes

Activities

6. The trainer asks the groups to make a list on newsprint of ideas they may have for accepting these differences.

Time

15 minutes

Trainer’s Note: The list generated from the pilot program is included as a guide.

Activities

7. The trainer requests that the small groups share with the large group their ideas. The trainer leads a discussion of how these ideas can be used in the volunteer experience.

Time

15 minutes

List of Ways of Accepting Differences

- Adjust to the environment,

- Have respect for the culture and customs,

- Be cultural sensitive,

- Have patience,

- Be outgoing,

- Display empathy,

- Be introspective,

- Be flexible enough to (tolerate, accept) values different from our own,

- Educate ourselves to explain the motives for cultural values,

- Realize our values are as different to them as theirs are to us,

- Be willing to conform/compromise,

- Understand that the differences are deep-rooted and cultural,

- Be able to modify our behavior without modifying inner values,

- Keep an open mind, culturally and personally,

- Maintain a good sense of humor (be able to laugh at self).