| Wind systems for pumping water: A training manual |
TOTAL TIME: 1 to 2 Hours
OBJECTIVES: To have participants present the different sub-construction projects of the wind powered water pump systems using simple presentation methods in layman's language.
To discuss and evaluate the systems built.
MATERIALS: Wind powered pump systems (complete) Other materials as determined by the participants and the nature of their presentations
Step 1: 15 minutes
Have each group present their sub-system report.
Step 2: 15 minutes
Review and discuss each presentation. Was it effective? Did the important points get across? What worked, what didn't?
Step 3: 30 minutes
Then review the system itself. What works best about the system? What works least? Which part is likely to fail first? Was it easy to build and repair? Is it easy to use and adjust? What changes in the design would you make as a result of building it?
Distribute and discuss what the presentations should cover, as well as the handout on extension skills prior to having the participants prepare the demonstrations. Invite local people to attend the presentations. Emphasize the need to present the demonstrations as simply as possible since the local people have not had the advantage of the training program and may not be familiar with the various technologies discussed.
RESOURCES: Copies of Attachment 20-A
EXTENSION SKILLS: Important Points to be Considered for Successful Education and Communication
1. Be prepared. Know what you are doing, where you are going and what you want your audience to know when they leave. Do not prepare your talk an hour before you give it.
2. Always do a practice run of whatever it is you are demonstrating before you get up in front of the group to teach.
3. Start off with a very small chunk of information to be taught. For example, "How to Build a Stove" would be too broad a topic. Change it to "Building the Base."
4. People learn best by doing. The more concrete you can be, the better. For example, if you are doing a talk on how to make a particular type of soup, have everyone make it and taste the soup.
5. People remember main points better when presented with visual aids. Illustrate your main points and use the drawings during your talk. Also, people tend to understand complex or abstract concepts if they can visualize them. Also, remember that points or concepts you find simple, others may find difficult. Be sensitive to your audience and explain points thoroughly.
6. Visual aids and/or graphs should be clear, depicting objects with which the people are familiar. Photographs or pictures cut from magazines are of ten more easily understood than hand-drawn pictures.
7. Changing color and lettering can draw more attention to the visual aids. However, visual aids may be distracting, confusing, or misunderstood when they do not mirror people's reality.
8. A vocabulary list of important things, steps, and materials in the demonstration can be useful to the demonstrator as well as to the audience.
9. The demonstration should never take place above the audience's line of vision.
10. People remember things that are unusual and make them laugh. But do not overdo it.
11. Physical conditions are important. The demonstration should take place in the lightest part of the room or area. Rooms should be freed of all other distractions. Effort should be made to make everybody physically comfortable, etc.
12. It is better to have an active audience than a passive one.
13. Do not read your material.
14. Keep eye contact with your audience. In this way, you will build a rapport with them. Also, they will feel that you are talking to them not at them.
15. Respect the audience members who already know how to do the things that you are demonstrating and get them involved in helping you with the presentation.
16. Repeat the main points. For example, state them at the beginning of your talk, in the middle and at the end. Again the next day, repeat the main points or elicit them from your group before you go into any new information. In other words, build on the previous information.
17. Reinforcement activities following a talk can facilitate learning.
18. Always minimize the cost of the thing being demonstrated, making sure that the people have the economic resources necessary to do it on their own. Try to utilize materials found in the immediate area.
19. When the demonstration involves making something, it is always a good idea to have a finished example to show to the audience.
20. Variety in presentation styles and environment are important.
21. Your talk should contain an introduction that gives a purpose for the information you are going to give. Set the stage for your talk.
22. Try not to use very technical words in the demonstration.
23. Organize your information. For example, time/order, cause/effect, etc.
24. Whenever possible, relate what you are demonstrating to the local customs.
25. Keep your demonstration short and limited to the time of day and amount of time that the people have free.
26. If the demonstration involves several steps, either write or draw them so the audience has something to follow as you go, but be sensitive to the fact that some people do not know how to read or follow diagrams.
27. Try to involve as many of the people's senses as possible: taste, smell, touch, sight, sound.
28. Your personality is important. Smile and be friendly.
29. Speak slowly and clearly. You are probably speaking enough, when you think you are going too slowly.
30. Do not talk down to your audience. Show them the respect you want them to show you.
31. At the beginning of the demonstration, explain briefly what you are intending to do. At the end, summarize what it is that you have done.
32. Be sensitive to your audience. If they are getting restless, you may be going too fast, going on for too long, or they may not be understanding you.
33. BE YOURSELF!