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close this book Reversing the spiral - The population, agriculture, and environment Nexus in Sub-Saharan Africa
View the document Foreword
View the document Acknowledgments
View the document Acronyms and abbreviations
Open this folder and view contents 1. Introduction
Open this folder and view contents 2. Agricultural stagnation and environmental
Open this folder and view contents 3. The demographic dimension
Open this folder and view contents 4. The Nexus of population growth, agricultural stagnation, and environmental degradation
Open this folder and view contents 5. The role of women in production systems
Open this folder and view contents 6. A framework for action
Open this folder and view contents 7. Reducing population growth
Open this folder and view contents 8. Promoting sustainable agricultural development
Open this folder and view contents 9. Infrastructure development, migration, and urbanization
Open this folder and view contents 10. Managing the natural resource base
Open this folder and view contents 11.Conclusion
View the document Statistical appendix
View the document Bibliography
View the document The Authors

Reversing the spiral - The population, agriculture, and environment Nexus in Sub-Saharan Africa

DIRECTIONS IN DEVELOPMENT

Kevin M. Cleaver

Götz A. Schreiber

The World Bank

Washington, D.C

© 1994 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK 1818 H Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20433

All rights reserved

Manufactured in the United States of America

First printing November 1994

The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this study are entirely those of the authors and should not be attributed in any manner to the World Bank, to its affiliated organizations, or to members of its Board of Executive Directors or the countries they represent. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this volume do not imply on the part of the World Bank Group any judgment on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.

Cover photo: World Bank Photo Library (R. Witlin).

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Cleaver, Kevin M.

Reversing the spiral: the population, agriculture, and environment nexus in Sub-Saharan Africa / Kevin M. Cleaver and Götz A. Schreiber.

p. cm.—(Directions in development)

Includes bibliographical references

ISBN 0-8213-2769-0

1. Human ecology—Africa, Sub-Saharan.

2. Agriculture and state Africa, Sub-Saharan

3. Agriculture-Environmental aspects— Africa, Sub-Saharan.

4. Africa, Sub-Saharan—Economic conditions—1960—

5. Africa, SubSaharan—Environmental conditions.

6. Africa, Sub-Saharan—Social conditions—1960—

I. Schreiber, Götz A., 1944

II. Title.

III Series: Directions in development (Washington, D.C.)

GF701.C54

1994