| Programming and Training for Small Farm Grain Storage |
|Part I. Grain storage project programming|
Grain storage program conception and objectives will vary from country to country and within each country according to such criteria as the storage needs and problems encountered, the type of local technical support available, whether the is a part- or full-time Volunteer activity, and so forth. However, there are basic objectives which will be present in every grain storage program.
Essentially Volunteers will promote storage methods which:
• Preserve the quantity of the harvest.
• Maintain its quality (food value).
• Result in tine highest possible sale value for whatever grain is sold or traded.
Each of these objectives is compatible with the orders, requiring the same kind of precautions on tee part of the farmer. The farmer's ability and desire to pursue the three objectives will depend or. a variety of factors including cultural influences, labor and cash resources available to allocate to storage, the climatic hospitality of the storage environment, and access to local resources such as insecticides , market transport, market price information, and the like.
The single most common activity of Volunteers in any type of storage project will be in the application and instruction of basic storage principles. Every training effort should include the following basic subject areas:
• Maintenance of storage hygiene.
• Control of grain moisture.
• Specific control of grain pests, i.e., insects, rodents and birds.
Volunteers involved in grain storage projects may work with individual farmers or farm cooperatives, family members responsible for storing grain, rural school students, extension agents, etc. The same basic storage principles and storage objectives will be common to whatever level of involvement Volunteers may pursue,