Cover Image
close this book Animal husbandry: Feeding and care of animals
View the document Preface
View the document Plan of work
close this folder Why learn about animal husbandry?
View the document Why farmers go In for traditional animal husbandry
View the document Animals can earn much more
View the document How to improve animal husbandry
close this folder Feeding animals
View the document Why animals must be well fed
View the document How food is used in the animal's body
View the document Not all animals digest food in the same way
View the document How to choose animals' food
View the document Foods that give nitrogen must be chosen
View the document Values of certain foods
View the document What is a mineral supplement?
View the document Vitamins
View the document Giving the animals water to drink
View the document Food needs of animals
View the document How to feed animals
close this folder Pasture
View the document Improving pasture
View the document Making new pasture
View the document Using new pasture
View the document Growing fodder crops
close this folder Storing grass
View the document Silage
View the document Hay
close this folder Looking after animals
View the document Animals must be watched
View the document How to watch over animals
View the document Housing animals
View the document Values of some animal feeds
View the document Suggested question paper

How to feed animals

Animals must be given enough food, rich food, prepared food.

• Enough food.

An animal that doesn't eat enough won't put on weight.

What it eats all goes on maintenance (see page 20).

Instead of having five animals that do not gain weight, a farmer prefers to have four that he can feed well.

He sells them at a good price.

He earns more money.

• Rich food.

An animal that is raised for meat must grow and fatten quickly.

Then you can sell it more quickly.

You can raise another animal, and make a lot of money.

To make animals grow quickly a farmer must give them rich food, he must give them feed supplements (see page 14).

Rich food is costly, and a farmer doesn't want to waste it. Know the animals' needs (see page 20) and reckon what the food costs and what it earns in the way of meat, eggs, etc.

• Prepared food.

To help animals digest this rich food, the farmer prepares it for them, that is: grains are crushed, roots and tubers are cooked.

Animals must be fed:

• at the same time every day.

The feed supplement must be given every day at the same time, so that the animal can digest it.

• all the year round.

During the rainy season it is easy to feed animals well. There is plenty of grass, it grows quickly, it is young and nourishing.

During the dry season it is difficult to feed animals well. There is little grass, it is dry and hard, and not very nourishing.

So there are some months in the year when cattle are well fed, and grow fat and are in good health.

There are other months when animals are badly fed and lose weight.

This is why a modern farmer stores food for the dry season.

If he cannot feed all his animals well because he has too many, he sells some of them at the end of the rainy season.

Then the rest of his herd will not suffer during the dry season.

At the end of the dry season, when animals cost more, he has some fine animals to sell and earns more money.