Cover Image
close this book Animal husbandry: Feeding and care of animals
View the document Preface
View the document Plan of work
close this folder Why learn about animal husbandry?
View the document Why farmers go In for traditional animal husbandry
View the document Animals can earn much more
View the document How to improve animal husbandry
close this folder Feeding animals
View the document Why animals must be well fed
View the document How food is used in the animal's body
View the document Not all animals digest food in the same way
View the document How to choose animals' food
View the document Foods that give nitrogen must be chosen
View the document Values of certain foods
View the document What is a mineral supplement?
View the document Vitamins
View the document Giving the animals water to drink
View the document Food needs of animals
View the document How to feed animals
close this folder Pasture
View the document Improving pasture
View the document Making new pasture
View the document Using new pasture
View the document Growing fodder crops
close this folder Storing grass
View the document Silage
View the document Hay
close this folder Looking after animals
View the document Animals must be watched
View the document How to watch over animals
View the document Housing animals
View the document Values of some animal feeds
View the document Suggested question paper

Housing animals

Why shelter is needed.

To protect the animals from wild beasts, from wind, sun and rain, and from diseases.

Where to build the shelter.

• Near the farmer's house, so that he can watch the animals better.

• On dry ground, on a mound. Wet soil causes diseases. Do not build in a tow- lying place where the rain water collects.

How to build a shelter.

• You can build a shelter without spending a lot of money.

Use wood, earth, straw.

• The animals must be protected from the wind. Build a fairly high wall of earth on the side from which the wind usually blows.

Build small walls on the other sides.

• The animals must be protected from sun and rain. Make a straw roof.

• There must be a door big enough for you to get the dung out easily.

• The shelter must not be too small.

The animals must not be crowded. A sheep needs 1 square metre and a cow needs 5 to 6 square metres.

Front view of shelter

• Along the lower edge of the roof fix a bamboo that you have cut in half lengthwise. You must also take out the little divisions inside the bamboo.

Slope the bamboo slightly,and under the lower end place a drinking trough.

The rain that falls on the roof will run into the bamboo and from the bamboo into the drinking trough.

The bamboo will act as a gutter.

• You must build the shelter in such a way that the wind carries the smell away from the house.

Beside the shelter make a paddock where the animals can walk about.

1. It should be large enough to be divided into sections and should have trees for shade.

2. Make a fenced- off section for milking. This allows easier and cleaner milking.

3. Make another fenced- off section for calves to be separated overnight from their dams, but put it near enough to the milking section to avoid milk let- down.

4. Make a covered hay- feeder.

5. The manure pit is shaded. Put it far enough away from both the milking section and the carves' section.