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close this book Oxfam resources for development and relief
View the document Background reference and reference
View the document Oxfam development casebooks
View the document Development in practice
View the document Capacity-building
View the document Micro-enterprise
View the document Trade, aid and debat
View the document Oxfam country profiles
View the document Order form
View the document Environment, pastoralism,liverstock, and agriculture
View the document Conflict and emergencies
View the document Research and evaluation
View the document Health and health care
View the document Gender
View the document Series Outlines

Oxfam resources for development and relief

Ordering Information

Oxfam publications can be ordered from your local bookseller, or direct from Oxfam by using the order form on the centre pages. Please refer to the back cover for details of overseas agents. address:

Oxfam Publishing, 274 Banbury Road, Oxford, OX2 7DZ

telephone: 01865 313922

fax: 01865 313925


Oxfam UK and Ireland is a member of Oxfam International

Oxfam is a registered charity no. 202918


Background reference and reference

'Although the values and beliefs which Oxfam stands for have not themselves changed, this Handbook charts many of the lessons of the past few years, as we have responded to, and actively influenced, the far-reaching changes that have taken place. I hope you will find the book helpful in your work for a better world.'

David Bryer, Director of Oxfam UK and Ireland from the Foreword

The Oxfam Handbook of Development and Relief

Deborah Eade and Suzanne Williams, with contributions from Oxfam staff and others

'A valuable reference tool for development practitioners and planners for policy makers and social analysts, and for teachers and students of development. Red Cross, Red Crescent Magazine

The Oxfam Handbook of Development and Relief is the product of the experience of Oxfam UK and Ireland in its work in over 70 countries around the world. It is the expression of Oxfam's fundamental principles: that all people have the right to an equitable share in the world's resources, and the right to make decisions about their own development. The denial of such rights is at the heart of poverty and suffering.

An invaluable work of reference, the Handbook analyses thinking, policy, and practice in fields as diverse as health, human rights, emergency relief, capacity-building, and agricultural production, and is the only book of its kind to incorporate a gender analysis throughout.

Written mainly by Oxfam staff, The Oxfam Handbook of Development and Relief represents the work of many people around the world who, over the years, have contributed their energies to fighting poverty and injustice.

'The Oxfam Handbook of Development arid Relief is both intelligent and intelligible. Authors incorporate experience e from around the globe white always retaining their focus on the people", whose social, political. and economic progress is the raison d'être of Oxfarm's programmes.’

Mary B. Anderson, President,

The Handbook is published in a three-volume set:

Volume One

• Oxfam's approach to development and relief

- principles of development and relief work human rights - environment and development - exploring the context

• Focusing on people

- gender - ethnicity, race, and caste - childhood - ageing - disability

• Capacity-building for development

- social organization - institutional development education and training - planning and evaluation financial management

Volume Two

• Production

- agriculture - fishing - trees and forestry

- small-scale industries

• Health and development

- approaches to health care - health needs of specific population groups - health-care provision

- financing, planning and evaluating health programmes

• Emergencies and development

- emergencies, conflict, and development

- assessment, coordination and consultation

- health and nutrition - environmental health and physical infrastructure - food security, food aid, and food distribution - Oxfam procedures in emergency relief programmes

Volume Three

An annotated resource directory, providing detailed information on over 500 non-governmental organisations and official aid agencies concerned with development and relief (also available separately - see below).

1995 1,200pp with tables

0 85598 2 73 X, hardback (2 volumes), £49.95, $79.95

0 85598 2 74 8 paperback (3 volumes, stipcased), £24.95, $39.95


The Oxfam Handbook Resource Directory

A stand-alone edition of the annotated Resource Directory.

1995 085598309 4, 216pp paperback, £7.50, $15.00


The Oxfam Poverty Report

Kevin Watkins, with contributions from Oxfam staff

‘Offers clear, readable hard- hitting analysis of contemporary global society’ Geography

The UN Charter of 1945 and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights set out a new moral framework for a system of rights and obligations upon which the new world order was to be built. Yet, over 50 years on, the basic rights enshrined in the Charter are being violated all over the world.

Oxfam's vision of development is based on a commitment to the realisation of basic social and economic rights, and the attainment of sustainable livelihoods. The Oxfam Poverty Report identifies the structural forces which deny people their basic rights using case studies from Africa, Latin America, and Asia. It outlines some of the wider policy and institutional reforms needed to create an enabling environment in which people can act as agents of change to reduce poverty.

Contents include:

Structural Adjustment; A World At War; Aid, Debt, and Development Finance; International Trade; Ecological Footprints; An Agenda for Change.

1995, 0 85598 318 3, paperback 240pp with tables, £9.95, $15.95

Words Into Action

Basic Rights and the Campaign against Global Poverty

This book looks at some of the main obstacles which prevent poor people from claiming the basic rights to which they are entitled. It tells of the hard-won successes of people who are working at all levels, from village council to national government, for a better life for themselves, their families, and their communities.

The Oxfam Campaign for Basic Rights is about turning words into action. With extensive case studies and examples, information about global institutions, and useful statistics, this book explains why poverty persists, what can be done to overcome it, and the part everyone can play in the Oxfam Campaign.

Words Into Action is an ideal introduction to the concept of basic rights and the problem of global poverty for teachers, students, and general readers.

1995, 0 85598 3310, paperback illustrated 112pp, £4.95, $9.95


Rights Now!

World Poverty and the Oxfam Campaign

This short book explains why so many people in the South are poor and powerless. It shows what some of them are doing about it, how ordinary people in the North can support them, and what governments could do if enough people demanded change. The world can afford to abolish poverty. Oxfam's Campaign aims to prove it.

Illustrated with lots of photos, quotations, case studies, and statistics, Rights Now! provides a quick and accessible summary of the issues and agenda of Oxfam's Basic Rights Campaign.

1995, 085598 338 8, paperback 16pp illustrated, £1.95, $3.50


A Cause for Our Times

Oxfam - The First Fifty Years

Maggie Black

Internationally known and respected, Oxfam is one of Britain's most successful, and controversial, charities. Published to coincide with its fiftieth anniversary, this book charts Oxfam's rise from a small local wartime charity to one of the largest non-government aid agencies, and provides a fascinating insight into the evolution of ideas, work, and policies in the field of development.

1992, 085598172 5 hardback 336pp illustrated £24.95

0 85598 173 3, paperback 336pp illustrated, £9.99, $11.95


Winners and Losers

'Wherever African development issues are taught ... this book should be essential reading' Times Educational Supplement

This 'reader' focuses on political and economic development in Sub-Saharan Africa. It describes aspects of African history and contemporary economic issues, and how these affect the lives of different people It goes on to look at attempts to solve Africa's development problems and to analyse their positive and negative impact on the people of Africa. The fully-photocopiable material includes background information, case studies, and interviews.

An invaluable resource for introductory-level students of development, African studies, and development economics.

0xfam/Centre for Development Studies Swansea

1996, 870 727 223, spiral bound paperback, £9.95, $17.50


The World 1997/98

A Third World Guide (new)

'To find such diversity of opinions and wealth of data in one volume adas much to the value of this publication ... You could read this book for hours.’ Times Educational Supplement (on the previous edition)

The World has been acclaimed as an invaluable and authoritative reference book. This latest edition offers a unique blend of detailed coverage of more than 2 00 countries and nations, plus analysis of topical global issues.

The World 1 997/98 is the only global almanac with a perspective from the South. It incorporates contributions from a worldwide network of journalists and researchers and has been published regularly since 1979 by the Third World Institute in Uruguay.

It offers: up-to-date information on 235 countries, arranged alphabetically for easy locating, with supporting charts, statistics, and maps . profile of each country including its environment, history, politics, economics, and social setting ~ key facts and indicators on literacy, trade, employment, schooling, health, communications, and energy use = in-depth analysis of key global issues such as debt, education, trade, and social development.

The World 1997/98 is an indispensable reference work for general readers, development workers, academic, public and school libraries, non-government agencies, and specialist writers and researchers.

Compiled by the Third World Institute

Published by New Internationalist Publications

May 1997, 1869847 42 3, hardback 624pp, £49.95, $80.00

1869847 43 1, paperback 624pp, £24.95, $39.95


World Guide 1997 CD ROM (new)

World Guide is a yearly updated database on CD-Rom, based on information from The World 1997/98. You can select, analyse and present statistical data creating professional reports and articles. All of the data, graphs, maps and text can be exported to your word processor, desk-top publishing programme or spreadsheet.

You can select a country or group of countries graphically or from a list. You can even select countries according to their ranking by one or more variables. World Guide contains time-sequence data for over 200 variables divided into 21 statistical groups such as sex and age, health, agriculture, standard of living and environment. Information is available for every variable in the database, covering the data source, statistical year and some comments on how the variable was calculated. Data are also presentable in bar or line graphs, and population pyramids are available too.

System requirements: Windows: IBM-compatible 386 PC or higher, 4MB RAM. 4 MB hard-drive space, CD-ROM drive, Microsoft Windows 3.1 or Windows 95, mouse, VGA graphics

Macintosh: any colour or grayscale Macintosh with 4 MB RAM running System 7 or later, 2MB hard-drive space, CD-ROM drive

May 1997, £49.95, $89.95


Understanding Global Issues

This series of authoritative introductory-level briefings examines key global issues and topics in the news. Each subject is analysed from a completely independent point of view and the facts are presented accessibly with clear use of maps, diagrams, and illustrations.


The Balkans

The Battle for Water


South Africa


Columbus and After

Fairer Global Trade

Healthy Cities

The World of Islam

The Kurds

Marine Pollution

Renewable Energy

Water and Health

World Fishing

World Population

The United Nations

Published by European Schoolbooks Ltd

18-22pp, £2.50 each, set of 17, £37.50

Not available through Humanities Press in North America


Peters Projection World Map


The Peters Projection Map helps us to look at the world in a different way. The unfolded map measures 594 x 830mm and is available folded in a plastic wallet or laminated in flat plastic.

0 85598 256 x, folded map £3.95

0 85598 265 9, laminated map £6.50

Not available through Humanities Press in North America



Oxfam development casebooks

Empowering Communities

A Casebook from West Sudan (new)

Peter Strachan with Chris Peters

Empowering Communities is an account of the Kebkabiya project in the west of Sudan The project began as an attempt to improve food security in the wake of a major famine, but over the years many other initiatives have been introduced Oxfam initially managed all the project activities; but responsibility for the project has been largely handed over to a community-based organisation The account of the increasing involvement of the community, and the creation of democratic structures for managing the project, provides valuable insights into the way in which a participative approach to development can result in empowerment for communities One particularly interesting aspect of the work in Kebkabiya is the way in which the problem of women's impoverishment and disempowerment within a strongly patriarchal society was addressed

There were many setbacks and problems to be faced The general insecurity resulting from a long-running civil war was an ever-present threat to project activities The economy of the country was unstable, and rapid inflation threatened the viability of savings and credit schemes. The concept of democratic representation was not part of the traditional culture Peter Strachan considers these problems, and how they were tackled, and reports the views of the people involved, to give the reader a real sense of development in action.

• Peter Strachan worked for Oxfam in Sudan for three years, and was particularly concerned with the development of the Kebkabiya project. Chris Peters is a writer and researcher on development issues, and is the author of the Oxfam Country Profile Sudan: A Nation m the Balance (1996).

April 1997, 0855983582, paperback 96pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95


Disabled Children in a Society at War

Casebook from Bosnia (new)

Rachel Hasite

This casebook analyses the lessons for working with disabled children learned from a radical and ambitious programme initiated by Oxfam UK and Ireland at the height of the civil war in Bosnia.

As elsewhere in Eastern Europe, disabled children in former Yugoslavia were traditionally cared for in centralised institutions which were run by State-paid professionals. When State services began to break down under the pressure of war, Oxfam assumed responsibility for one such centre in Tuzla. The emphasis of the centre gradually evolved from the provision of clinical services to the integration of the children into the local community. This alternative approach slowly won the support of the local authorities and the project is now regarded as a model.

This book, written for planners and project officers in non-government development organizations, examines three major themes:

• Development in conflict - how is it possible to work on long-term social development projects in an unstable society?

• Disability in conflict - when war politicises disability, how does this affect different groups of disabled people?

• The social model of disability in a post-communist society - what happens when the western European approach to disability, which depends on individuals and groups being free to campaign for their rights, is introduced into a State which is still making the transition from the collectivist values of communism?

• Rachel Hastie was until recently Oxfam's Deputy Country Representative for Bosnia, managing a programme of relief distributions and projects for women and disabled people

April 1997, 085598 373 6, paperback 96pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95



Development in practice


Each book in this series of Readers is introduced by a specially commissioned overview, and contains an annotated bibliography of current and classic titles which together constitute an essential reading List on the chosen theme.

Development and Patronage (new)

Introduced by Melakou Tegegn

(Senior Lecturer, El Taller, Addis Ababa)

Far from being a liberating process for all, much of what has been done in the name of development has served to reinforce the intellectual, material, and financial dependence of those on the receiving end. Some argue that the yen, concept of development is essentially a vehicle in which cultural values and social norms as well as resources are exported from one part of the world to another. along a one-way route from rich to poor. Aid thus becomes a means by which unequal relationships of power are maintained and patronage is fostered.

Contents include:

Sara Hlupekile Longwe: Patriarchal pot and the evaporation of gender policies; Paul Tiyambe Zeleza: African libraries and the consumption and production of knowledge; Martin Khor: The WTO and foreign investment: implications and alternatives for developing countries; Firoze Manji: Collaboration with the South: Agents of aid or solidarity ?; Richard Moseley-Williams: Partners and beneficiaries: questioning donors; Jenny Pearce: NGOs and social change: agents of facilitators?; Didier Bloch: Strengthening unions: the case of the Brazilian North-East; Gino Lofredo: Help yourself by helping The Poor; Annotated bibliography

September 1997, 0 85598 376 0 ,paperback 112pp, £8.95, $15.00


Development for Health (new)

Introduced by Eleanor Hill (Community Health Consultant)

The achievement of Health for All by the Year 2000' has been the declared goal of the international community for almost 20 years. Yet, with deepening economic disparity within and between nations, and with near-universal cuts in public spending on health services, millions of people today are denied access even to basic care. Community participation is reduced to paying for treatment, a cruel parody of the right to participate in shaping health and social-welfare policies which was affirmed two decades ago.


Eleanor Hill: Over the edge: health-care provision, development, and marginalisation; TK Sundari Ravindran: Research on women's health: some methodological issues; Anne LaFond: Deterrents to immunization in Somalia: a survey of mothers' attitudes; Teresa Cresswell: Participatory appraisal in the UK urban health sector: keeping faith with perceived needs; Vikram Patel, Jane Mutambirwa and Sekai Nhiwatiwa: Stressed, depressed or bewitched ? A perspective on mental health care, culture and religion; Derek Summerfield: The psychosocial effects of conflict in the Third World; Patricia Diskett and Patricia Nickson: Financing primary health care: an NGO perspective; Betsy Hartmann: Population control in the new world order; Centro de Informacion y Servicios de Asesoria en Salud: Adjusting health care: the case of Nicaragua; Hilary Hughes: Evaluating HI V/AIDS programmes; Chris Roys: Widows' and orphans' property disputes: the impact of AIDS in Rakai District, Uganda; Annotated bibliography.

March 1997, 0 85598 368 X, paperback 112pp, £8.95, $15.00


Development and Social Diversity

Introduced by Mary B Anderson (President of The Collaborative for Development Action

Inc, Cambridge, Mass., USA)

Development and Social Diversity brings together papers which explore people's varied expectations of development.


Mary B Anderson: Understanding difference and building solidarity: a challenge to development initiatives; Naila Kabeer: Gender, development, and training: raising awareness in the planning process; Tom Scanlon, Francesca Scanlon, and Maria Luiza Nobre Lamarao: Working with street children; Mark Gorman: Older people and development: the last minority?; Shubi L Ishemo: Culture, liberation and 'development'; Dimbab Ngidang: The politics of development in longhouse communities in Sarawak, East Malaysia; Hugo Slim: What is development?; Odhiambo Anacleti: Research into local culture: implications for participatory development; Rocio Tábora: An education programme for peasant women in Honduras; Lewis B Dzimbiri: Challenging gender stereotypes in training: Mozambican refugees in Malawi; Yezichalem Kassa and Feleke Tadele: Defining local needs: a community-based diagnostic survey in Ethiopia; Jo Rowlands: Empowerment examined; Maitrayee Mukhopadhyay: Some thoughts on gender and culture; Valerie Emblem: Who is the expert?; Annotated bibliography.

1996, 0 85598 343, paperback 112pp, £8.95, $15.00


Development in States of War

Introduced by Stephen Commins (Director of Policy and Planning, World Vision international)

This collection draws on the varied experience of practitioners and human-rights activists in dealing with the social consequences of war, including the emotional damage done to victims and those who work with them.


Stephen Commins: In the line of fire: development in conflict; Chris Roche: Operationality in turbulence: the need for a change; Linda Agerbak: Breaking the cycle of violence: doing development in situations of conflict; Alex de Waal: Famine and human rights; Jonathan

Goodhand with Peter Chamberlain: 'Dancing with the prince': NGOs' survival strategies in the Afghan conflict; Francisco Alvarez Solis and Pauline Martin: The role of Salvadorean NGOs in post-war reconstruction; Hans Buwalda: Children of war in the Philippines; Jane

Shackman and fill Reynolds: Training indigenous workers in mental-health care; Miloon Kothari: The United Nations speaks out on forced evictions; Derek Summerfield: Assisting survivors of war and atrocity: notes on 'psycho-social' issues for NGO workers; Alison Joyner: Supporting education in emergencies: a case study from southern Sudan; Lucy Bonnerjea: Family tracing: in whose interests?; Annotated bibliography.

1996, 085598 344 2, paperback 112pp, £8.95,$15.00



Development In Practice

Editor: Deborah Eade

Reviews Editor: Caroline Know es

'A forum a diverse constituency and global range around the problematic phenomenon of global development.' Kishore Saint, Ubeshwar Vikas Mandal, India

'Here, in one single publication, are the latest tools, concepts and experiences written in an accessible style, by and for development workers and managers.' Jethro Pettit, International Director, World Neighbors

Development in Practice is a forum for practitioners, policy makers, and academics to exchange information and analysis concerning the social dimensions of development and emergency relief work. As a multidisciplinary journal of policy and practice, Development in Practice reflects a wide range of institutional and cultural backgrounds and a variety of professional experience. All articles are independently refereed.

Each issue features:

- Editorial

- Main articles

- Practical notes

- Research round-up

- Viewpoint

- Feedback

- Book reviews

- Conference reports

- Book shelf

- News in brief

Each volume is published in four issues (February, May, August and November). The final issue includes an index to the whole volume and the collected abstracts translated into French, Portuguese, and Spanish.

Development in Practice is also available in electronic form via CatchWord Ltd. a worldwide electronic publishing services company. For more information, details about subscription rates, and to request a sample copy, please contact Oxfam Publishing (see inside front cover for address).

Volume 7 (1997) ISSN 0961-4524

Subscription rates (print or electronic version) Institutions: £125, $218

Personal: £50, $85

Developing countries: £25 $42

Bulk rates also available. Please contact Oxfam Publishing for details.






An Aproach to People-Centred Development (new)

Deborah Eade

The prime purpose of Oxfam and similar development agencies is to assist poor men and women in improving their situation and exercising their right to participate fully in the development of their societies. Aid agencies that ignore people's existing strengths may create dependency, and so make people more vulnerable than before.

This book examines the concept of capacity-building and why it is such an integral part of development. It considers specific and practical ways in which NGOs can contribute to enabling people to build on the strengths they already possess, while taking care not to undermine such capacities.

Capacity-Building reviews the types of social organisation with which NGOs might consider working, and the provision of training in a variety of skills and activities, for the people involved and for their organization. The particular importance of using a capacity-building approach in emergencies, and of the dynamic and long-term nature of the process, is also emphasised.

• Deborah Eade is a writer and researcher on development and relief, with several years of experience as an Oxfam Deputy Regional Representative for Mexico and Central America. She is editor of the international quarterly Development in practice and is a regular consultant for major international agencies. She is co-author of The Oxfam Handbook of Development and Relief(1995).

An Oxfam Development Guideline

July 1995, 084498 366 8 3, paperback 160pp, £8.95, $14.95


Reading for Ourselves

Sarah Crowley Preface by Jane Mace

Millions of people around the world cannot read or write. Reading for Ourselves is about some of these people and their struggle for literacy and numeracy. The book shows the difference which proficiency has made to the lives of people in six countries, revealing how literacy helps to establish the personal and collective confidence so vital to developing sustainable livelihoods. This unique collection of case studies is primarily intended as an accessible reader for adult literary students, but also offers an introduction to the role of literacy in development.

1993, 0855982012, paperback 24pp illustrated, £3.50, $5.00


Development in Papua New Guinea

Alternative Perspectives

Presents a critique of the current development models being pursued in Papua New Guinea and suggests an alternative.

Published by Community Aid Abroad

1993, 1646142 992, 40pp paperback, £8.95, $14.95


Disability, Liberation, and Development

Peter Coleridge

'Essential reading for anyone seeking a broader understanding of disability issues.' Disability Now

The situation of disabled people provides a microcosm of the whole development debate and process. Disabled people are oppressed and marginalised in every country of the world, both North and South. Their lives are constrained by social attitudes which stem from fear and prejudice. By probing these prejudices and studying cases where they have been overcome, we gain an insight into the processes of liberation and empowerment that lie at the heart of any development message.

• Peter Coleridge was Regional Manager for Oxfam (UK/I) in the Middle East. During his work he was closely involved in the development of community disability projects.

1993, 085598 1954, paperback 252pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95

'By considering some of the recurring issues in the learning and teaching of literacy, and looking at some of the implications behind policy decisions, we hope that readers will understand their own particular decisions better. Seeing how other people have introduced literacy into development programmes might inspire confidence in another community's ability to do the same.' from the Preface


Adult Literacy

A Handbook for Development Workers

Paul Fordham, Deryn Holland, and Juliet Millican

This is a book for development workers who have no formal training in adult education or literacy, but find themselves having to respond (as planners, trainers, or teachers) to requests for 'literacy'. Most of the book is essentially practical: it describes the different stages in planning, teaching, and evaluating a small-scale literacy programme, and offers suggestions for using available materials, and developing new ones designed for specific situations. But its main purpose is to explore some of the central issues in the debate about the role of literacy in development.

The authors draw on their own wide range of experience, and that of Oxfam and VSO, for case-studies to illustrate the consequences of introducing literacy - a far from simple process - to individuals, groups or communities.

Paul Fordham is Honorary Professor in the International Centre for Education in Development at the University of Warwick. Juliet Millican has worked in Adult Education and in literacy for many years. Deryn Holland works locally and internationally as a trainer, researcher, and writer in adult education and literacy.

Published in association with VSO (Voluntary Service Overseas)


0 85598 314 0, hardback 240pp illustrated, £24.95, $39.95

0 85598 315 9, paperback 240pp illustrated, £8.95, $14.95


Developing and Managing

Community Water Supplies

Jan Davis and Gerry Garvey with Michael Wood

Based on direct field experience and using short case studies, this book discusses the issues and stages in the development of water supplies, from the initiation of a programme through to the community management of a supply system. The importance of involving all the members of a community in decisions about water provision is emphasised, as is the need to incorporate hygiene education from the outset.

1993, 184pp illustrated

0 85598193 8, paperback, £8.95, $14.95

0 85598198 X, hardback, £24-95, $39-95




'The approach to microfinance proposed here has five main points First, that NGOs should investigate existing financial services; who uses them and to what effect. Second, that before intervening directly, NGOs should assess whether they have the specialist knowledge and skills required to provide financial services themselves. Third, in order to design services which are relevant and useful to poor people, NGOs should understand local social and economic structures, and also macro-level trends. Fourth,, NGOs should consider how the provision of services can be sustained in the long term. Lastly, the impact on poverty reduction should be continually assessed rather than taken for granted, which tends to happen if a microfinance intervention is covering its costs and has many low-income users.' from the Introduction


Microfinance and Poverty Reduction

Susan Johnson and Ben Rogaly

This book considers various types of microfinance schemes and compares the effectiveness of different approaches in aiding poverty reduction.

The provision of credit and other financial services has become increasingly seen as the answer to the problems facing poor people. Microfinance intervenhons have the capacity to increase incomes, contribute to individual and household security, and change social relations for the better. But it cannot be assumed that they will do so and it may often be more effective in terms of poverty reduction to combine credit provision with other development activities

The authors emphasise the importance of first studying the local context, and then considering the macro-economic factors which may be operating upon the economy of a particular country. Five extended case studies, in the Gambia, Ecuador, Mexico, Pakistan, and the UK, are examined; aspects of sustainability and impact assessment are considered with reference to these case studies and to other examples.

• Susan Johnson has worked for ACTIONAID since 1991. She is currently researching microfinance issues. Ben Rogaly is a socio-economist who has previously been a policy adviser to Oxfam. He is now a lecturer in development studies at the University of East Anglia.

An Oxfam Development Guideline February 1997, 085598 3698, 144PP, £8.95, $14.95

Also available in Spanish

0 85598 379 5, 144PP, £8.95, $14.95


Gender Considerations in Economic Enterprise

Edited by Eugenia Piza-Lopez and Candida March

An account of a workshop held by Oxfam's Gender and Development Unit in Asia in 1990, which aimed to discuss the diverse approaches to working with women on incomegeneration projects in the region.

An Oxfam Working Paper

1991, 0 85598189 X, 40PP, £6.95, $9.95


A Bibliographical Survey of Rotating Savings and Credit Associations

Alaine Low

In many countries in Africa and Asia, rotating savings and credit associations underpin much of the economy. This survey covers the wide range of literature on these associations. Centre for Cross-CulturaL Research on Women 1995, 0 85598 298 5, £9.95, $15.95


Basic Accounting for Credit and Savings Schemes

Nicola Elliott

'a useful tool to help NGO staff to develop basic accounting skills. Small Enterprise Development

A simple and practical guide for accountants and committee members of savings schemes, credit schemes, and combined credit and savings schemes. The guide assumes no previous knowledge of accounting, and explains all the principles and tasks relevant to financial management. It will be useful as a general introduction to basic accounting, as well as to credit control and stock control.

• Nicola Elliott was formerly Senior International Accountant at Oxfam UK/I and is now Head of Accounts at Voluntary Service Overseas (VSO).

An Oxfam Basic Guide

1996, 0 85598 342 6, paperback 96pp, £5.95, $9.95


Basic Accounting for Small Groups

John Cammack

A step-by-step guide to basic accounting and financial management techniques for those with no previous experience of accounting and book-keeping, this book is ideal for any small group which needs to keep accurate records of its financial transactions.

An Oxfam Basic Guide

1992 0 85598148 2 paperback 64pp illustrated, £5.95, $9.95


The Financial Management of a Small Handicraft Business

Edward Millard

Explains the basic financial concepts involved in the effective planning of day-to-day operations which will help small businesses to plan working capital requirements and achieve profitability..

An Oxfam Basic Guide

1988, 0 86598 082 6, paperback 43pp illustrated, £4.95, $7.95


Export Marketing for a Small Handicraft Bussines

Edward Millard

Written in clear and accessible language with the small handicraft business firmly in mind, this helpful book covers such issues as market research, contact with customers, product development and design, packaging, and export formalities. This new edition includes updated information on export regulations and additional coverage of planning and marketing theory

An Oxfam Basic Guide

1996 second edition, 0 855981741, paperback 192pp illustrated, £9.95, $15.95


Income Generation Schemes for the Urban Poor

Donnacadh Hurley

This book examines the reasons for the failure or success of income generation schemes, and stresses the need to be more aware of the harsh economic realities.

An Oxfam Development Guideline

1990, 144pp illustrated

0 855981016, hardback, £24.95, $39.95

0 85598102 4, paperback, £8.95, $14.95



Trade, aid and debat

Oxfam Insight

The series prevents evideence to support the advocacy work of Oxfam UK und Ireland on behalf of poor communities - work which is central to the agency's relief and development programme in over 70 countries.


Accountable Aid (new)

Local Participation in Major Projects

Patricia Feeney

The Earth Summit in Rio in 1992 generated much rhetoric about the need for collaboration between local communities and multilateral funders of major development projects, in order to preserve natural resources. Since then there has been intense debate about the importance of local participation, account ability to local communities, transparent procedures, and gender-sensitive planning.

In this book Patricia Feeney examines the case of the Rondonia Natural Resource Management Project (PLANAFLORO) in the Amazon, funded by the World Bank, and considers the frustrations created when local NGOs and communities were effectively excluded from decisions about a project that claimed to be Participatory'.

In contrast she considers examples of relatively good practice, most notably the Joint Forest Management project, funded by the British Overseas Development Administration, in Karnataka, India. The author also examines recent attempts by the World Bank to involve local governments in decision making.

From a focus on individual projects, the book moves to a consideration of local participation in entire projects - the World Bank's Country Assistance Strategies - and community involvement in projects funded by the private sector. It ends with a summary of the lessons to be learned by local and international NGOs and by major donors.

• Patricia Feeney is a Senior Policy Adviser on Social and Economic Rights for Oxfam UK and Ireland.

Oxfam Insight

June 1997, 085598 3744, paperback 96pp, £5.95, $9.95


Reforming World Trade

The Social and Environmental Priorities

Caroline LeQuesne

' a useful and well-argued contribution to the debate' Review of African Political Economy

In an integrated global economy, poor countries have to compete to attract foreign investment. The social, economic, and environmental rights of ordinary people are often sacrificed to the strategic interests of transnational corporations. This book examines the impact of rapid trade liberalization on the livelihoods of poor communities and recommends ways in which their rights could be protected.

• Caroline LeQuesne is Oxfam's Policy Adviser on Trade and Environment.

Oxfam Insight

1996, 0 85598 346 9, paperback 80pp, £4.95, $8.95



Poverty and Frr Trade in Mexico

Belinda Coote

This book examines the impact of the North American Free Trade Agreement, which in 1994 created the largest free-trade zone in the world. The economic treaty is the first to unite countries from the developed and the developing worlds. Will it lead to prosperity for all in Mexico, or will it leave the country open to exploitation and unfair competition? What are the lessons to be learned from the NAFTA experience by other poor countries experimenting with policies of economic liberalization.

• Belinda Coote, Oxfam's Policy Adviser on Trade until 1993, is the author of The Trade Trap: Poverty and the Global Community Markets. She is now Oxfam's Regional Manager for South Asia.

Oxfam Insight

1995, 64pp, 085598 302 7, paperback, £3.95, $7.95


A Case for Reform

Fifty Years of the IMF and World Bank

Oxfam Policy Department

The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund dominate the economic policies of many of the world's poorest countries. Fifty years after they were created, what impact are these institutions having on ordinary people's lives? A Case for Reform argues that the time has now come for a fundamental review of their policies and a radical reform of their operations, and then presents specific recommendations for international action.

Oxfam Insight

1995, 64pp, 0855983019, paperback, £3.95, $7.95


new edition

The Trade Trap

Poverty and the Global Commodity Markets

Belinda Coote

'Here at last is an exception to the rule that books about business ore for rookie billionaires. New Internationalist

The Trade Trap explains the complexities and difficulties of the international trade system and examines what poor countries can do about the trap in which they find themselves. This revised edition includes a major new chapter by Caroline LeQuesne, Oxfam's policy adviser on trade and environment, which criticises the rode of the recently established World Trade Organisation, and argues that international trade agreements must incorporate minimum standards in order to defend poor people's basic social and environmental rights against the impact of unregulated trade.

1996 second edition

085598135 0, paperback 224ppillustrated, £9.95, $14.95


A Buyer's Market

David Dalton

A short and simple guide to the complexities of world trade, which explains why countries that depend on the export of raw commodities can't win under the present system.

1994 revised edition

0 85598 280 2, 16pp illustrated, £1 95, 55 00


Jamaica: Debt and Poverty

Claremont Kirton

This book looks at the origins of Jamaica's debt problems in both the structure of the Jamaican economy and in the relations of dependence that colonialism engendered, and assesses attempts to alleviate pressures on the poor, who have been badly affected by debt and structural adjustment measures.

1992,0 85598117 2, paperback 128pp illustrated, £7.50, $11.95


Australia's Trade: Green and Just?

A compilation of papers given at a conference held in Melbourne in 1993 this book discusses the impact of Australia's trading relations on the societies and environments of Australia and the developing world.

Published by community Aid Abroad

1994, 0 646176153, 86pp paperback, £9.95, $15.95



The Impact of the New Trade Rules on Developing Countries

A five-session discussion series for community groups.

Published by community Aid Abroad

1994, 1875870 040, 56pp paperback, £6.95, $11.95


GATT: What Do the Poor Get?

Jeff Atkinson

A clear and succinct outline of the impact oft he new trade regime on the poor people of the Third World.

Published by community Aid Abroad

1994, 1875870032, 44pp paperback, £6.95, $11.95


Free Trade

What's in it for women?

Gillian Moon

This report analyses the impact of major international trade policies and agreements on the economic lives of poor women in developing countries. It includes case studies from Uganda and Thailand.

Published by community Aid Abroad

1995, 187587014 8, 56pp, £6.95, $11.95


APEC - Winners and Losers

Jeff Atkinson

Examines the different national agendas operating within the APEC (Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation) process and looks at some of the implications of liberalisation for the poor people of the region.

Published by community Aid Abroad

1995, 187587015 6, paperback 94pp, £6.95, $11.95



Oxfam country profiles


Oxfam Country Profiles focus on the real lives of ordinary people and the major development issues that affect them. The analysis they offer draws on Oxfam's experience of working in over 70 countries. Each Profile includes basic information on the history, society, politics, economy, and environment of the country. It brings the facts to life with interviews, case-studies, and specially commissioned photographs.


The Philippines

In Search of Justine

Charlie Pye-Smith

This new profile describes a country at a crossroads. Although burdened with a huge mountain of debt, as a legacy from the corrupt and inefficient government of President Marcos, the Philippines seems poised to emulate the example of the neighbouring South Asian tiger economies.

But there will be many Filipinos who will not share in any increased prosperity that might result, in particular the indigenous inhabitants of the region, whose life-style is dependent on the rapidly disappearing forests. This book explains how they are making efforts to secure land rights and more control over the resources they need. Also featured are the many fishing communities of the islands, whose livelihoods are being destroyed by international factory-fleets, and who are also struggling to survive.

• Charlie Pye-Smith is a journalist and researcher with a particular interest in developing countries. His previous publications include The Other Nile (1986), Travels In Nepal (1988), and In Search of Wild India (1993). He also wrote Nile: River of the Gods, a documentary for the US Discovery Channel, and presented three series of Global Concerns for the BBC World Service.

June 1997, 0 85598 3671, paperback 64pp illustrated, £5.95, $9.95


Mali A Prospect of Peace? (new)

Rhéal Drisdelle

Most people in the industralised world have heard of Timbuktu, even if they could not find this ancient centre of civilization on the map. In fact, it is in Mali, a West African country which is rapidly coming to terms with the modern world. In 1991 the people of Mali overthrew a military dictatorship; democratic elections were held; a free press is flourishing; the nation is struggling with the effects of an economic structural adjustment programme and interethnic tensions which brought it to the brink of catastrophe.

This book looks at the lives of ordinary Malians and asks how they are surviving the changes which are transforming their nation. It also celebrates the culture of Mali, from village story-tellers to world-famous film makers and musicians like Salif Keita and Ali Farka Touré.

• Rhéal Drisdelle, who was Oxfam's Country Representative in Mali from 1989 to 1995, lived through the dramatic recent events which he describes in this book.

January 1997, 0 85598 334 5, paperback 64pp illustrated, £5.95, $9.95


El Salvador Peace on Trial (new)

Kevin Murray

When the war in El Salvador came to an end with the signing of the Peace Accords in Mexico in 1992, there were many unresolved issues facing the country. This book gives an account of the history of El Salvador, and the inequalities and political corruption in Salvadorean society which were contributory causes of the longrunning civil war. The ecological crisis facing the country, and the unresolved issues of land tenure are also examined.

El Salvador: Peace on Trial reviews the efforts which are being made to rebuild communities, and the obstacles which remain on the road to a stable and peaceful future.

• Kevin Murray lived in El Salvador from 1989 to 1994, working with a number of international development organizations. He is the author of Rescuing Reconstruction: The Debate on Postwar Economic Recovery in El Salvador (1994, Hemisphere Initiatives), and Inside El Salvador (1995, Resource Center Press). He currently works for Oxfam America.

June 1997, 0 85598 3612, paperback 64pp illustrated, £5.95, $9.95


Mozambique Rising from the Ashes

Rachel Waterhouse

The civil war in Mozambique, one of the most brutal ever known in Africa, finally came to an end in 1992 Yet for its 16 million people another struggle was just beginning: to repair the shattered fabric of their lives and to forge a truly Mozambican nation.

Rachel Waterhouse explains the background to the conflict, and examines its impact on the lives of farmers, fishing communities, traders, and crafts-people; on traditional values and social structures; on health and education services; and on the natural environment. She finds signs of hope emerging all over the country, despite the nation's ruinous debts and the colonial era's legacy of neglect.

1996 ,085598 8418, paperback 64 pp ittustrated, £5.95, $9.95

Pakistan Tradition and Change

Khavar Mumtaz with Yameema Mithra

This profile gives a wide-ranging account of the historic development and political economy of Pakistan, yet also conveys the reality of daily life there for ordinary people. It examines why poverty still exists in a country where so much progress has taken place in economic terms, and describes how poor people are taking the initiative in improving their living conditions.

1996, 085598 3361, paperback 64pp illustrated, £5.95, $9.95


Nepal New Horizons?

Omar Sattaur

To most people in the developed world, Nepal is an unspoilt Shangri-La of spectacular scenery and remote picturesque villages.

This book goes behind the glossy tourist brochures to examine the reality of a complex and rapidly changing society. Nepal: New Horizons? examines the changes in people's attitudes to the traditional monarchy and rigid social structures, and describes the reality of life in a society which is undergoing a major change as a result of contact with Western influences - particularly tourism.

1996, 085598 270 X, paperback 64pp illustrated ,£5.95, $9.95


Ethiopia Breakino New Ground

Ben Parker

Ethiopia: Breaking New Ground celebrates the rich cultures of an ancient society, and describes its people's efforts to revive their land. Times are hard: soils are exhausted, schools and hospitals are derelict, and AIDS and urbanisation pose new challenges. But the sense of community is strong, and the country's new constitution gives grounds for hope that there is a better future for Ethiopia.

1995, 085598 270 5, paperback 64pp ilustrated, £5.95, $9.95


Rwanda Which Wav Now?

David Waller The first edition of this profile was published in 1993. It ended with a prophecy: 'Rwanda stands on the brink of an uncharted abyss of anarchy and violence. and there are all too many historical, ethnic, economic. and political pressures that are likely to push it over the edge.' On 6 April the following year, Rwanda descended into that abyss. One hundred days later one tenth of the population was dead and two million people had fled from their homes.

How and why did it happen? What are the hopes for reconciliation? What is the country's long-term future? This new edition has been updated to include a final section which examines these crucial questions. It covers events from the start of the genocide through to the programme of reconstruction, and looks at the international response to the crisis.

1996 second edition, 0 85598 354 X, paperback 72pp ilustrated, £5.95, $9.95


Bangladesh The Strenghth to Succeed

Jim Monan

The people of Bang]adesh show immense resilience and courage in facing natural disasters, and great determination in their struggle to build a better society. Jim Monan looks behind the disaster headlines to provide an informative introduction to the country. This new edition has been extensively revised and new sections have been added on recent political changes, the Flood Control Plan, the expansion of the garment industry, and the rise of religious fundamentalism and ethnic tension.

1995 second edition, 0 85598 328 0, paperback 64pp illustrated, £5.95, $9.95


Sudan A Nation in the Balance

Chris Peters

This book, drawing on Oxfam's experience of working with groups affected on all sides of the civil war in Sudan, illustrates the tenacity and resourcefulness of ordinary people - and explains the background to one of the leastunderstood conflicts in modern Africa.

1996, 0855983167, paperback 64pp ilustrated, £5.95, $9.95


Senegal A state of Change

Robin Sharp

Standing at the crossroads of African, Islamic, and European cultures, Senegal is a country of extraordinary complexity, and the 19905 are proving to be a time of radical change. This profile offers a c]ear and authoritative account of this fascinating country.

1994, 085598 283 7, 64pp illustrated, £5.95, $9.95


India Paths to Development

Julia Cleves Mosse

Julia Cleves Mosse 'has loked at India with a critical but sympatheic eye, and presented a fully rounded picture packed with facts and examples, in a simple, easy-to-read language with masterly clairity.' India Weekly

1993 second edition, 085598 2241, 64pp illustrated, £5.95, $9.95


Zibbawe A Land Divided

Robin Palmer and Isobel Birch

This book traces the evolution of divisions within Zimbabwean society based on gender, race, class, ethnicity, geography and culture, and discusses how these can be reconciled.

1992, 0 85598178 4, paperback 64pp illustrated, £5 95, 59 95


Burkina Faso New Life for the Sahel?

Robin Sharp

'The book analyses the environmental and economic causes of the country's crises... But it also looks forwards to suggest how locally- based aid initiatives can present new hope for country' Daily Telegraph

1990, 085598 130 X, paperback 48pp illustrated, £4.95, $7.95


Vietnam The Price of Peace

Chris Brazier

'One learns a formidable amount of fresh, unbiased information on virtually every page' Liberation

Chris Brazier describes what life is like for the Vietnamese people as they work to establish peace and security, and reports on their hopes for the future as the country takes its place in the world community once more.

1992, 0 85598 152 0, 64pp illustrated, £5.95, 59.95


Brazil A Mask Called Progress

Neil MacDonald

Based on Oxfam's development experience in Brazil, this book examines the conflicts that have brought many traditional communities to the edge of extinction, and threaten to destroy one of the richest natural environments on earth.

1991, 0855980915 paperback, 128pp with illustrations, £5.95, $9.95


The Andes A Quest for Justice

Neil MacDonald

Describes how the Andean people, in order to survive, are turning to their old traditions of mutual aid and are finding ways of working together which may lead them in new directions in their long quest for justice.

1993, 0855982004 paperback, 128pp with illustrations, £5.95, $9.95


The Caraibbean Making Our Own Choices

Neil MacDonald

With the use of quotes, poems, songs and sayings, this book provides an accessible introduction to Oxfamsupported community work in the Caribbean which firmly locates it in the historical, political and economic context of the region.

1990, 0 85598 086 9 paperback, 64pp with illustrations, £4.50, $7.95



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Half the World, Half a Chance



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Environment, pastoralism,liverstock, and agriculture


Improving Goat Production in the Tropics

A Manual for Development Workers

Christie Peacock

Goats play a vital role in the rural economy of many poor countries, and numerous projects have been established to encourage their development. But the extension workers employed on such projects are often untrained in goat production, and the only available textbooks are mostly very academic or irrelevant to tropical regions.

Designed specifically for non-specialists, this steps bystep guide offers practical advice on goat-keeping in tropical climates, with comprehensive guidelines on how to plan and implement a goat-development programme, and carry out any practical activity associated with goats. With technical information clearly explained and a wealth of high-quality illustrations, the book will be of great value to field-workers, to government and NGO planners and managers, and to teachers and students of livestock development.

Published in association with FARM-Africa

1996, 400 pages with photographs, line drawings and tables

0 85598 268 3, hardback, £29.95, $47.50

085598 2691, paperback, £14.95, $24.95


Livestock and Land-Use Surveys in Sub-Saharian Africa

Wiliam Wint and David Bourn

Reports on the preliminary analysis of data from extensive low-level aerial surveys and ground studies of livestock and land use in Mali, Niger, Nigeria, and Chad.

An Oxfam working Paper

1994, 0 85598 284 5, 36pp, £6.95, $9.95


Integrated Livestock Surveys of Red Sea Province, Sudan

1990, 280pp

An Oxfam Working Paper

0 85598169 5, £49.95, $79.95


Looking After Our Land

Will Critchley

Using case studies from Burkina Faso, Kenya, and Mali, this book illustrates the main lessons to be learned from new approaches to soil and water conservation in sub-Saharan Africa.

1991, 88pp illustrated

0 85598170 9, paperback, £8.95, $14,95

French version: 0855981717, paperback, £8.95


Looking After Our Land Video

90 minute b/w video featuring case studies.

0 85598 252 7, VHS/PAL, £14.95

0 85598 253 5, NTSC, £14.95

Not available from Humanities Press in North America


Behind the Lines of Stone

The Social Impact of a Soil and Water

Conservation Project in the Sahel

Nicholas Atampugre

In 1979 Oxfam (UK/I) began to fund an experiment in soil and water conservation in Burkina Faso. By 1992 the innovative technique had won international acclaim and many imitators; cereal yields had significantly increased and natural vegetation was growing spontaneously again.

The social impact oft he project is less easy to assess. To discover how it has affected the poorest sections of the community - and especially women Oxfam commissioned a team of researchers to survey more than 1,000 households. Their findings form the basis of this book, which will be of interest to agriculture and environment workers as well as community development workers in the field, and academics concerned with agricultural and social development in arid climates.

• Nicholas Atampugre is a Ghanaian researcher and development consultant. He is the deputy editor of Africa World Review and co-author of Whose Trees ? (Pangs Institute 1991).

1993 ,192pp with photographs, maps and tables

0 85598 257 8, hardback, £24.95, $39.95

0 85598 258 6, paperback, £10.95, $17.50


One Earth, Two Worlds

Dave Dalton and John Barraclough

Poor people in the South have every reason to protect their own environment: they depend on it more directly than the rich and are more immediately affected by its destruction or deterioration. Yet in many places they are powerless to defend or improve it. With full-colour case studies which draw on Oxfam's experience, One Earth, Two Worlds looks at environmental issues from the point of view of poor people. What are the pressures on the environment in the South? What are people doing to solve their own problems? Are we in the North part of the problem, or part of the solution?

1995, 0855982764, paperback 32pp illustrated, £3.95, $6.95


Hunters and Gatherers in Central Africa

John Beauclerk

Examines the traditional economy of indigenous forest communities in the Zaire Basin, and the pressure put on it by commercial interests, competing cultivators, and national governments.

An Oxfam Working Paper

1993, 0 855981911, 46pp, £6.95, $12.95


The Gaia Atlas of Planet Management

Norman Myers, General Editor

'Read this boon. Don't just rend it, buy it! Present a copy to your college library; send one to your UP if you lend your own copy; get it back! If any book can teach a nation how to control its collective self-interest, it is GAIA. New Scientist

The definitive guide to a planet in critical transition, this completely revised edition comes after a decade of revolutionary and political change. Thoroughly updated with a wealth of new topics and powerful, colourful graphics, The Gaia Atlas sets the planet's agenda to the year 2000 and beyond.

Includes a section about Oxfam's overseas programme.

Published by Gaia Books, 1994,

1 85675 061 2, paperback 288pp, £16.99

Not available from Humanities Press in North America


Trees of Somalia

Des Mahoney

A comprehensive illustrated reference manual giving detailed information about the 44 most useful woody tree varieties common to Somalia.

An Oxfam Working Paper

1991, 0 855981091, 196pp illustrated, £12.95, $18.95


Measuring Drought and Drought

Impacts in Red Sea Province. Sudan

Edited by Roy Cole

Covers such issues as drought and food-security assessment techniques, rainfall and drought records, the market for food and the impact of food aid.

An Oxfam Working Paper

1989, 0 85598168 7, 304pp, £12.95, 518.95


Cereal Banks

At Your Service

Abdou Fall

Cereal banks have become a widespread and popular response to the problem of ensuring food security. This book presents, in the form of a story, some of the main questions and issues surrounding the setting up and operation of a cereal bank.

1991, 0 855981571, paperback 56pp illustrated, £6.95, $11.95




Baobab is the journal of the Arid Lands Information Network/ Reseau d'Information des Terres Arides, formerly a unit of Oxfam and now an independent NGO in Dakar, Senegal. Oxfam is the agent for the sale of Baobab to non-members of ALIN. Published three times a year, in March, luly and November, the journal represents a practical resource on community development in dry lands. Articles range from the practical to the analytical; all are rooted in the grassroots experience of practitioners, working mainly in Africa. Baobab will be of interest to planners and workers in communities in the South and to academics and researchers in the North and the South.

For further information and details of subscription rates, contact ALIN/RITA, Casier Postal 3, DakarFann, Senegal.


No Time to Waste

Poverty and the Global Environment

Joan Davidson and Dorothy Myers with Manab Chakraborty

It is increasingly clear that environmental problems cannot be solved without full consideration of the process of economic development, the results of which are so often destructive rather than sustainable. No Time to Waste examines these issues from a Southern viewpoint, and gives examples from Oxfam's experience of how poor people are responding to safeguard and improve the environment, on which their livelihoods, and our common futures, depend.

1992, 224pp illustrated 085598182 2, hardback £24.95, $39.95

085598183 0, paperback, £9.95, $15.95


Pastoral Livelihoods in Danger

Cattte Disease, Drought, and Wildlife Conservation in Mursiland, SouthWestern Ethiopia

David Turton

This report is the outcome of a field study carried out with cattle herders in northern Mursiland. Ethiopia, on behalf of Oxfam UK and Ireland. Its immediate purpose was to seek the views of local herd-owners on how the pastoral economy could be strengthened, without external intervention, in a remote area prone to cattle disease and drought.

A secondary focus, which emerged during the research, is the threat posed to pastoralists by government plans to encourage tourism and to construct dams on the Omo river for electricity generation. The paper considers ways of putting pressure on conservation bodies and civil authorities to protect the vital subsistence resources of the Mursi people.

. David Turton is the Anthropological Adviser to Granada TV's series 'Disappearing World', and was Programme Consultant on five films about the Mursi, which were broadcast in this series.

An Oxfam Working Paper, 1995

0 85598 333 7, 75pp with maps and bibliography, £9.95, $15.00


Pastoral Associations in Chad

Hedwig Bruggeman

An account of Oxfam's Ishtirak project in Chad, working with agro-pastoralists.

An Oxfam Working Paper, 1993, 0 85598 214 4, 40pp, £6.95, $12.95


Agricultural trade and Food Security

Kevin Watkins

This book examines the interaction of international trade realities and national policies, and how they impact on the survival strategies of even remote households and villages. Includes case sudies from Mexico and the Philippines.

Published by Oxfam UK/lreland in the Philippines 1996, 97191752 06, 100pp paperback, £8.95, $14.95


Pastoral Development Planning

Julian Prior

Development agencies working with pastoralists have concentrated on technical programmes to combat threats such as drought, famine, and environmental degradation. Julian Prior argues that their initiatives would be more relevant and sustainable if they were supported by social development which strengthened the institutional capacity of pastoral communities. Improved technologies should make a positive contribution to the security of pastoral peoples. Community development planners, for whom this book is principally written, have a major role to play in this process.

This book is based on a detailed case study of range management in north-west Somalia.

• Julian Prior was Oxfam's Project Manager on the Erigavo Project until the outbreak of the Somali civil war. He now works in Australia for the NSW Department of Conservation and Land Management.

An Oxfam Development Guideline

1994, 160pp illustrated

0 85598 204 7, paperback, £8.95, $14.95

0 85598 203 9, hardback, £24.95, $39.95



Conflict and emergencies


Reducing Risk

Participatory learning activities for disaster-mitigation in Southern Africa

Astrid von Kotze and Ailsa Holloway

This fully-photocopiable training resource equips development and relief workers with techniques to strengthen the capacities of vulnerable communities to deal with emergencies such as those caused by drought, epidemics, floods, and population movements.

The collection of participatory learning activities is based on the experience of practitioners working in southern Africa, a region which has recently faced many hardships. The activities aim to increase understanding about community risk and vulnerability, and to strengthen the training capacities of those involved in community-based disaster management.

Each activity has been developed and extensively tested with organizations working in this field. Exercises are clearly laid out and are illustrated with maps, line drawings, and halftones. The approaches and activities are applicable, with adaptation for local differences, across the world.

Reducing Risk is primarily a tool for practitioners working with highly vulnerable communities. It is also useful for facilitating learning activities in disaster reduction, both as a reference and as a 'how to' manual.

Contents include:

- What terms do we use in disaster management? What are the components of disaster management? How does the 'disaster crunch model' work? What do we do in emergency preparedness and risk reduction? - What is gender? How do structural adjustment policies affect risk?- What are the causes of droughts and how do they impact on the environment?

- How do we construct hazard, risk and capacity maps? - How is community-based research relevant to risk assessment? How do we construct vulnerability and capacity assessments? What resources are available for reducing risk? - How does gender impact on vulnerability and capacity? - How do we assess household food security? - How do we target households most at risk? - Why do we need to understand perceptions of risk?

- How do we plan for emergency preparedness and response? Why should emergency preparedess and response be integrated with development? - How is gender analysis a tool for risk reduction? - Why are gender considerations essential to emergency preparedness and response planning? - What is the role of different players in drought interventions? How do we prepare public awareness campaigns?

- Astrid von Kotze works in the Department of Adult and Community Education at the University of Natal. Ailsa Holloway was formerly in the Harare Regional Delegation office for Southern Africa of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies.

Published in South Africa by the International Federation of Red cross and Red crescent Societies and the Department of Adult and Community Education at the university of Natal.

1996, 0 85598 347 7, 300pp paperback, £14.95, $29.95


Disaster Mitigation

A Community-Based Approach

Andrew Mastrey

This book is to be commended for dealing with a very complex subject comprehensively, succinctly, and in an accessible style.' Journal of Refugee Studies

Disaster Mitigation examines the reasons for vulnerability to disaster and asks why poor people suffer most when disaster strikes. The author argues that when disaster-mitigation measures are carried out by community organizations, they are not only more effective. but can lead to a permanent reduction in vulnerability.

An Oxfam Development Guideline

1989, 112pp illustrated

0 85598122 9, hardback, £24.95, $39.95

085598123 7, paperback, £6-95, $11.95


Famine, Needs Assessment, and Survival Strategies in Africa

David Keen

Examines the shortcomings of existing systems of famine needsassessment and then considers the various survival strategies which may be employed by people facing famine.

An Oxfam Working Paper

1993, 0 85598 219 5, 40pp, £6.95, $12.95


Sanitation in Emergency Situations

Edited by John Adams

In 1995 an international workshop was held in Oxford to consider the technical and organizational problems of sanitation in emergency situations, and to share experience of good practice. This Working Paper collects together the edited conference papers and the recommendations and action points agreed by the participants, who included representatives from 25 organizations involved in emergency response.

An Oxfam Working Paper

1996, 0 85598 350 7, 51pp, £6.95, $12,95


War and Famine in Africa

Mark Duffiela

Shows how internal wars are fought on a terrain of semisubsistence economies, with the result that traditional strategies of coping with famine are destroyed.

An Oxfam Working Paper

1991, 0 85598161 X, 36pp, £6.95, %12.95


After The Guns Fall Silent

The Enduring Legacy of Landmines

Shawn Roberts and Jody Williams, for the Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation

'a very comprehensive and eminently useful work.' NOD and Conversion

After the Guns Fall Silent examines the impact of landmines on people, on their communities, and on their outlook and view of life. The report, commissioned by the WAY, examines the consequences of landmine use for postconflict reconstruction and development, for refugee movement and resettlement, and for the environment. It also investigates mine clearance and mine awareness, and medical, rehabilitative and psychological costs.

Using original research, the report is illustrated by case studies from countries including Angola, Mozambique, Cambodia and the Former Yugoslavia. Scholarly and accurate analysis combines with people's own words and real personal stories to present an informative and thoughtprovoking evaluation of the effect of this potent and deadly weapon.

Published by the Vietnam veterans of America Foundation Distributed in the UK by Oxfam UK and Ireland

1995, 0 85598 337 x, paperback 538pp ,£12.95, $19.95


Landmines and Underdevelopment

A case study of Quang Tri Province, Central Vietnam

Jim Monah

In this study of the landmines situation in one small province of Vietnam, Jim Monan brings home the devastating effect which mines and other unexploded weapons can have on the lives of ordinary people, and the way in which they can inhibit the development of entire communities.

Although it is more than two decades since the end of the Vietnam War, unexploded bombs and mines are still claiming lives: in the past four years in Quang Tri Province alone, fifteen people have been killed and more than 200 have been injured and maimed by landmines and bombs. The area is typical of other centrally-located provinces near the 1eth parallel that once divided North and South Vietnam, and which was the site of some of the heaviest fighting.

This study, based on fieldwork carried out in July and August 1994, was the first investigation of its kind in Vietnam carried out by an external agency.

Published by Oxfam Hong Kong

Distributed in the UK by Oxfam UK and Ireland

1995, 962 6640014, 28pp illustrated, £2.50, $4.50


Landmines: Legacy of Conflict A Manual for Development Workers

Rae McGrath

Landmines: Legacy of Conflict is written for development and emergency workers in mine-affected countries, and for policy-makers and planners. The changing technology of mines and mine-deployment is explained, with photographs and descriptions of the most common types of mine. The book describes the vulnerability of particular groups within rural communities, advises on how best to avoid hazardous areas, considers activities that mine-affected communities can undertake, and suggests measures that could be introduced at local and international levels to deal with the problem.

• Rae McGrath is Director of the Mines Advisory Group.

A co-publication with the Mines Advisory Group

1994, 0855982640, paperback 96pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95


The Somali Conflict

Prosoects for Peace

Mark Bradbury

This study examines the complex range of forces that have shaped the conflict in Somalia and recommends contributions which NGOs might make towards the building of a lasting peace.

An Oxfam Working Paper

1994, 085598 2713, 150pp, £9.95, $15.95


Learning the Lessons: United Nations

Interventions in Conflict Situations

A topical and important assessment of the United Nations' failures and successes. Includes contributions from Australia's Foreign Minister Senator Gareth Evans, and Lieut-General John Sanderson, the Australian Commander of the United Nations forces in Cambodia, plus aid workers and academics.

Published by Community Aid Abroad

1994, 187887010 5, 118pp paperback, £9.95, $15.95


Plastic Sheeting

Its Use for Emergency Housing and Other Purposes

Jim Howard and Ron Spice

This technical guide to the advantages and problems involved in the use of plastic sheeting materials is supplied together with details of a temporary shelter in kit form which Oxfam has developed.

1988, 0 85598140 7, paperback 40pp illustrated, £3.95, $5.95



An Agenda for International Action

Guy Vassall-Adams

This accessible book investigates the background to the genocide and refugee crisis which devastated Rwanda in 1994. There are crucial lessons to be learned from the catastrophe. For Rwanda and the whole region, the priorities now are to tackle poverty and promote peace. For the international community, which intervened too late to prevent the tragedy, the challenge is to ensure that it is never repeated. This book argues for radical reform and proper funding of the UN's peackeeping and emergency capacities, and presents specific recommendations for action.

• Guy Vassall-Adams was formerly a researcher in Oxfam's Policy Department, working on conflict-related emergencies.

Oxfam Insight, 1994, 64pp

0 85598299 3, paperback, £3.95, $7.50


Development in Conflict

The Gender Dimension

Judy El Bushra and Eugenia Piza Lopez

This paper is intended for development workers who need clearer practical and theoretical insights into the problems of integrating a gender perspective into conflict-related work.

An Oxfam Working Paper

1994, 0 85598 194 2, £6.95, $12.95


Conflict and Development

Organisational Adaptation in Conflict Situations

Mark Adams and Mark Bradbury

This paper considers ways in which NGOs might adapt policies, practices, and organizational structures to meet the challenge of working in situations of conflict.

Published by Oxfam with ACORD, Responding to Conflict, and the University of Birmingham

An Oxfam Working Paper

0 85598 320 5, £9.95, $15.95



Research and evaluation

Chossing Research Methods

Brian Pratt and Peter Loizos

This book discusses the advantages and disadvantages of a variety of available research methods, and explains how to decide on the best approaches to suit individual circumstances. Clear and accessible, the book covers such important issues as participation, constraints on research, the unit of analysis, the need to avoid bias, and choosing appropriate researchers. Illustrated with actual examples from the experience of Oxfam and other development organizations, the book demystifies research and explains how it can be incorporated in the development programme cycle.

An Oxfam Development Guideline, 1992

0 85598 177 6, paperback 128pp illustrated, £8.95, $14.95


Social Survey Methods

Paul Nichols

Social Survey Methods is a readable guide to selecting an appropriate, affordable research method, implementing the research, and communicating the results. Formal and nonformal survey methods are dealt with in detail, and there is helpful advice on statistical analysis of results, design of survey forms, and interview methods. Designed for those without a formal training in statistics, this will be a valuable aid for anyone with an interest in applied statistics for developing countries.

An Oxfam Development Guideline, 1991

0 855981261, paperback 132pp illustrated, £8.95, $14.95


Evaluating Social Development Project

Edited by Peter Oakley and David Marsden

The goals of many social development programmes include the promotion of participation, the awakening of political consciousness, and the encouragement of selfreliant strategies. How are these achievements to be measured? Are evaluations of such projects essentially different from those of more conventional infrastructural projects? This book offers some guidelines to NGO planners.

An Oxfam Development Guideline, 1990, 144pp illustrated

0 85598 146 6, hardback, £24.95, $39.95

0 85598 1474, paperback, £8.95, $14.95


A Basic Guide to Evaluation for Development Workers

Frances Rubin

This book will help groups to plan for and carry out evaluations as an integral part of development activities. Easy-to-follow, it focuses on the principles underlying evaluation and deals clearly and simply with the issues to be considered at the planning stage. It then examines the steps involved in carrying out different types of evaluation, for specific purposes. The importance of involving local people in evaluations is emphasized throughout.

An Oxfam Basic Guide

1995, 0 85598 275 6, paperback 96pp, £4.95, $7.95

'Provides a useful overview of the current situation, drawing on experimental techniques and methods from a wide range of experiences, as well as an articulate analysis of the basic issues involved.'

International Labour Review



Health and health care

Gender Issues in Health Projects and Programmes

Sundari Ravindran

Building on the proceedings of a workshop held in South-East Asia in 1993, this report covers the current issues in the gender and health debate. It includes discussions on perceptions of health, reproductive rights and sexuality, and integrating gender issues into contemporary health care.

An Oxfam Working Paper

1995, 0 85598 295 0, 28pp, £6.95, $12.95


Cities of Hunger

Urban Malnutrition in Developing Countries

Jane Pryer and Nigel Crook

Provides an innovative way of analysing the causes of urban malnutrition and links this analysis to three projects in contrasting urban settings.

1990, 120pp illustrated

0855981547, hardback, £24.95, $39.95

0 85598 155 5, paperback, £7.95, $12.95


Health and Revolution

The Nicaraguan Experience

Richard Garfield and Glen Williams

Health and Revolution examines the history of the Sandinista health service, focusing in particular on women's health, child survival, and the training and deployment of health professionals.

1989, 0 85598 132 6, paperback 320pp illustrated, £11.50, $18.50


Oxfam Practical Health Guides

Over the yerrs Oxfam has been involved in a wide variety of health-related projects. The practical Health Guides draw on this experience to put forward ideas on best practice in the provision of health care services in developing countries.


Disease Prevention Through Vector Control

Guidelines for Relief Organisations

Madeleine C Thomson

'this is an excellent, concise book, with accurate factual information, well supported by examples throughout.' Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene

There are more than 20 million refugees and displaced persons in the world today. At least 80 per cent of them are living in tropical or semi-tropical countries where vector borne diseases, such as malaria, dengue fever, and sleeping sickness, are common, and cause widespread sickness and death in the crowded conditions of refugee camps.

This book is intended to help development workers and planners to identify and assess the risks of vector-borne diseases in a camp, and to plan and implement cost-effective ways of controlling vectors in order to improve the health, and save the lives, of refugees.

• Madeleine C Thomson is a researcher at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine

1995, 0 85598 306 x, paperback 96pp, £5.95, $9.95


Selective Feeding Programmes

Tim Lusty and Pat Diskett

A comprehensive manual for use in treating different degrees of malnutrition in emergency situations, this book continues to be an important reference for emergency planners and field workers.

1984, 0 85598 097 4, paperback 96pp illustrated, £5.95, $9.95


Controlling Iodine Deficiency Disorders in Developing Countries

David Phillips

This practical book provides advice and guidance on the organization of iodine supplementation programmes at a local level. Carrying out goitre surveys, recording data, assessing results, implementing a programme, and monitoring and evaluating its success are all discussed in detail.

1989, 085598 107 5, paperback 40pp illustrated, £4.95 ,$7.95


Food Scarcity and Famine

Assesment and Response

Helen Young

This is a detailed guide to the accurate assessment of the nutritional needs of populations suffering from the effects of food scarcity and famine. Adopting a holistic approach, the book provides information on when supplementary and therapeutic feeding programmes are appropriate, and considers a range of interventions which might help to support people's livelihoods. This is an important study for government and non-government organizations, health workers, academics, and everyone else involved in development and relief work.

1992, 0855981455, paperback 112pp illustrated, £5.95,



Financing Health Care

Hilary Goodman and Catriona Waddington

The way in which a health service is financed has significant implications for the quality and scope of the care provided and is, therefore, a fundamental issue in health-services provision. Financing Health Care provides examples of different financial systems which have been implemented in response to a variety of community health-care needs, and is an invaluable resource for managers, health workers, and members of the community who are involved with non-government health programmes.

1993, 0 85598 187 3, paperback 96pp with tables, £5-95, $9.95

Health Care for Refugees and Displaced People

Catherine Mears and Sue Chowdbury

Drawing on the experience of Oxfam staffin many different emergency situations, this book is a short, practical introduction to the provision of health care in emergencies. It covers the assessment of health risk factors and the needs for health care, with a checklist of questions to enable a rapid picture of the situation to be built up, and describes the implementation of health-care procedures, and the facilities which should be provided. There are also short sections on the special needs of long-term refugees and on monitoring and evaluation. Detailed information on nutrition, treatment protocols, and other aspects of health care is given in the form of appendices.

1994, 0 85598 225 X, paperback 64pp with tables, £5.95, $9 95




The Oxfam Gender Training Manual

Suzanne Williams with Janet Seed and Adelina Mwau

A very useful publication ILEIA Newsletter

The Oxfam Gender Training Manual is a unique resource for gender and development trainers which draws on the work of gender trainers all over the world. It offers fieldtested training activities and handouts, drawn from a wide range of sources and shaped into a coherent training programme.

Contents: Foreword; Preface; A guide to this manual; Key concepts; Facilitators' guidelines; Training techniques; Introductions; Expectations; Sharing work experience; Consensus on development; Gender awareness and selfawareness; Building gender awareness; Self-awareness for men and women; Gender roles and needs; Women in the world; Gender and development; Gender-sensitive appraisal and planning; Analytical frameworks; Case studies; Gender and global issues; Gender and conflict; Gender and environment; Gender and economic crisis; Gender and culture; Working with women and men; Listening; Communicating gender; Strategies for change; Evaluations; Resources.

The Oxfam Gender Training Manual is primarily intended as a resource for trainers and organizations concerned with development and relief, in the North and in the South. It will also be of value to any organisation attempting to incorporate a gender perspective into its work.

1995, 085598 267 5, 630pp illustrated, £30.00, $45.00

Also available in Spanish

0 85598 380 9, 3 volume set, £24.95, $39.95

Together with planning, monitoring and evaluation, and recruitment, gender training is a tool in the processs of implementing gender-fair development, rather than an end in itself. Rather than promoting a mechanical implementation of gender-equitable development, gender training aims to develop thought and action in a transformational manner, enabling participants to explore the issues, understand the dynamics of their societies and apply the concept of gender analysis to everyday development practice.' from the Foreword

'could be used not only by experienced trainers rooking for new ideas, but also by those with on interest in gender who are uncertain where and how to begin the process of raising gender awareness.'

Learning for Health



Gender and Development

Editor: Caroline Sweetman

Gender and Development 'is excellent for those in the field and also academics, such as myself who value a high clarity of writing on the practical aspects of gender analysis. It is a refreshing and necessary addition to the literature.'

Deborah Johnston, Land and Agriculture Policy Centre, South Africa

Gender and Development is the only British journal to focus specifically on gender and development issues internationally, to explore the links between gender and development initiatives, and to make the links between theoretical and practical work in this field.

Launched in 1993, Gender and Development has become essential reading for all development practitioners and policy makers, and offers articles drawing on Oxfam's strength and experience as a leading nongovernmental organization working in the gender field.

Each issue has a distinct thematic focus, with articles by practitioners, activists, and academics from the South and North with particular expertise in aspects of gender and development work. Gender and Development offers a valuable forum for debate, bringing together a wealth of theory, experience, and insight.

Gender and Development is also available in electronic form via Catch Word Ltd. a worldwide electronic publishing services company. For further details, a free sample copy, and information about combined print and electronic subscription rates, please contact Oxfam Publishing (see inside front cover for address).

Volume 5 (1997) ISSN 1355-2074 Subscription rates (pent or electronic version)

Institutional: £60, 5100 Personal: £24, $40 Developing Countries: £12, $17


Oxfam Focus on Gender Books


Gender in Development Organization

Edited by Caroline Sweetman

Over the past decade, organizations working on development issues have taken an increasing interest in women's needs and rights. But working on promoting awareness of women's marginalisation demands more than an equal opportunities policy. This book draws together the experience of organisations working to promote women's full participation in the development process, looking at the obstacles that stand in the way.

Issues examined in this collection include gender 'auditing'; the institutionalisation of gender; the experience of a UN agency of integrating gender into its country programme; the process of creating a gender strategy; and using gender training. Contributors include Anne-Marie Goetz (Institute of Development Studies, Brighton, UK), Angela Hadlipateras (ACORD, UK), and Randa Husseini, UNIFEM, Lebanon.

June 1997, 0 85598 365 5, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95


Women, Employment, and Exclusion

Edited by Caroline Sweetman

It is increasingly hard to survive outside the cash economy, and an everincreasing number of people throughout the world are being drawn into the global economic system. For poor women, the choice is often between exploitation in employment or survival on the margins.

Articles in this collection explore both aspects of exploitation and how this relates to women's position in society.

Contents include: Angela Hale: The deregulated global economy: women workers and strategies of resistance; Michael McCall: Rural brewing, exclusion and development policy-making; Alana Albee: Beyond 'banking for the poor': credit mechanisms and women's empowerment.

1996, 0 85598 364 7, paperback 72pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95


Women and the Family

Edited by Caroline Sweetman

Looking at factors as diverse as the pervasiveness of patriarchy, changing family forms, female infanticide, and land reform policies, this collection of articles considers the family from a gender perspective, and how the socially prescribed roles of men and women within the family can constrain women's opportunities. Contributors include Suad Joseph and Ranjani Krishnamurthy.

1996, 0 85598 352 3, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7.95, $12. 95


Women and Urban Settlement

Edited by Caroline Sweetman

The rapid expansion of towns and cities throughout the world in recent years has created huge problems, as governments have been unable to provide adequate housing and services for growing urban populations. This book looks at various aspects of urban life from a gender perspective, drawing together social, technical and political issues to provide a long-awaited resource for researchers and planners. Articles cover issues such as gendersensitive urban planning; work migration; community urban regeneration schemes; health care for poor urban women; and the dislocation and loss of home experienced by refugees.

1996, 0 85598 348 5, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95


Societies in Transition

Edited by Caroline Sweetman

Change and upheaval are a way of life for millions of women and men throughout the world, who survive conflict, economic and political crises in addition to life-cycle transitions such as ageing. The articles in this book assert that, while transition creates hardship and trauma, it can give women an opportunity to challenge the negative aspects of relations between the sexes. Contributors include Maxine Molyneux, Kasturi Sen, and Carolyne Dennis and Ernestina Peprah.

1995, 085598 339 6, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95


Women and Rights

Edited by Caroline Sweetman

Women's rights are human rights' was one of the messages to come out of the UN Human Rights Conference in Vienna in 1993. This book in the Focus on Gender series explores the issue of women's rights in a variety of different contexts: the legal background and history of human rights legislation; the special human rights problems of women caught up in conflict or forced to become refugees; the importance of providing women with information and training to enable them to claim their rights; violence against women as a human rights violation; women's rights as workers, and the rights of disabled women.

1995, 0 85598 317 5, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7-95, $12.95


Women and Culture

Edited by Caroline Sweetman

Topics discussed in this book include identity, meaning, and culture; the struggle of feminists from the South to gain legitimacy in Northern-dominated development debates; working to challenge restrictive gender roles in Zimbabwe; gender violence as a development issue; the use of rape as a weapon of war in former Yugoslavia, and the use of popular culture and the media to promote gender equity.

1995, 0 85598 3108, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95


North-South Co-operation

Edited by Caroline Sweetman

This books look at co-operation for development: between North, South, and East; women's organisations and funding agencies; development practitioners, academics, and civil society; politicians and economists; and women and men. Currently the world is in economic and political crisis, of which escalating conflict is a symptom. In this book, writers from South and North stress that such crises can be resolved only if we recognise that we are all involved in a global system which perpetuates poverty and inequality, not only in the South and East but also in the North

1995, 085598 300 0, paperback 94pp illustrated, £7-95, $12.95


Women and Conflict

Edited by Helen O'Connell

This book concentrates on gender issues in situations of conflict and considers the impact of civil and military strife, domestic conflict, and the impact of cuts in state services on women's lives Contributors include Judy ElBushra and Eugenia Piza-Lopez, Tina Wallace, Judith Zur, Melia Sancho Liao, and Ruth Jacobson.

1993, 0 85598 222 5, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95


Population and Reproductive Rights

Edited by Caroline Sweetman and Kate de Selincourt

The complex links between poverty, population pressures, and environmental exploitation mean that population is above all a development issue. This volume highlights the need for an approach based on reproductive rights, offering family-planning services and information as part of a comprehensive women's health care programme linked to women's empowerment. Other issues covered include the development of new contraceptive technologies, the toll taken by unsafe abortion on women's lives and health, and the cultural norms which determine deep-rooted attitudes to women's sexuality.

1994, 0 85598 278 0, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95


Women and Emergencies

Edited by Bridget Walker

The papers in this book consider some of the dilemmas of emergency relief operations, and look at the experience of women in situations of crisis, their particular vulnerabilities, and their capacities and strengths.

1994, 085598 266 7, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95


Women and Economic Policy

Edited by Barbara Evers

This volume is structured around two main themes: macroeconomic policy and gender relations; and incomegeneration projects and empowerment. Covering a wide range of countries, the articles look at many different aspects of women's lives, the effects of economic policies, and how women are adapting and organising to enable their families and communities to survive.

1994, 085598 260 8, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95


Women and the Environment

Edited by Geraldine Reardon

Women are profoundly affected by environmental degradation. This book looks at underlying factors such as debt and structural adjustment, trade, aid, war, and social structures to understand how this happens. Contributors include Joan Davidson, Marian Dem. Rasheda Begum, Robin Palmer, Nawina Hamaundu, and Eugenia Piza-Lopez

1993, 0 85598 2217, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95


Questioning Empowerment

Working with Women in Honduras (new)

Jo Rowlands

'Empowerment' is a popular buzz-word used by many diverse development organizations - but what does it really mean?




In this new book Jo Rowlands examines the various meanings given to the concept of empowerment, and the many ways in which power can be expressed, in personal relationships and in wider social interactions.

The book examines two development projects in Honduras which were both concerned mainly with women, comparing their different approaches, and assessing the extent to which the women involved were empowered as a result of their experiences.

Questioning Empowerment represents a challenge to those involved in development initiatives who may be tempted to make unrealistic claims about the positive changes which can result from their work, and questions how far genuine empowerment is possible for women without major changes in social attitudes.

• Jo Rowlands has worked for over ten years as a trainer and consultant for cooperatives and NGOs in Britain and Latin America. She is currently Evaluation Officer for Voluntary Service Overseas.

June 1997, 0 85598 362 0, paperback 208pp, £9.95, $15.95


Gender and Disability

Women's Experiences in the Middle East (new)

Lina Abu-Habib

Women with disabilities face a double discrimination, both in terms of gender and also of their particular disability. For many women their most punishing disability is the attitude taken to them by society.

This book examines the situation of women with various types of disability in the Middle Eastern context, and describes the evolution of Oxfam's perspective on working with disabled women It provides a general overview of the concept of disability and includes several case studies from the Lebanon, Yemen, and the Occupied Palestinian Territories Each chapter looks at specific aspects oft he issue, and personal histories from disabled women and members of organizations for disabled people provide gripping testimony.

Chapter include: disabled women in Beijing; working with mothers of children with learning disabilities; blind girls' life chances; gender considerations in community based rehabilitation projects in Jordan and the Palestinian Territories; and facing the backlash: one woman's experience in Yemen.

• Lina Abu-Habib has worked for Oxfam in Lebanon for several years, specializing in gender and disability issues.

May 1997, 085598 363 9, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7.95, $9.95


Women, Land and Authority

Perspectives from South Africa (new)

edited by Shamim Meer

The issue of land lies at the heart of South Africa's democratic transformation, but the extremity of apartheid's racial legacy is in danger of obscuring a no less pervasive oppression: that of women. This volume brings together recent research on women by the National Land Committee of South Africa. Through several pioneering surveys and case studies, it explores women's attitudes to land and related resources, and examines conditions of housing, labour and subsistence for women. Its compass extends from the former Reserves end 'betterment' schemes, to islands of freehold and informal settlements. It includes the circumstances of women on white farmland, from the maize farms of the Highveld to the winelands of the Cape. What emerges is a sharp sense of transition and crisis - and a pressing need for women's organization, to ensure that development and legislation are informed by the priorities of women, and that South Africa's land question is treated not least as a problem of gender transformation.

Published by David Philip Publishers

Distributed by Oxfam UK/lreland

April 1997, 0 85598 375 2, 160pp, £9.95, %15..95


A Woman's World

Beyond the Headlines

Edited by Mary Van Lieshout

After all the meetings, discussions, and policymaking of the UN Decade for Women that led up to the Women's Conference in Beijing in ?995, how are women in the developing world surviving and working for a better life for themselves, their families and their communities?

In A Woman's World, women journalists development practitioners. and academics talk to other women throughout the developing world and report back on the challenges they face in their daily lives

Includes Maggie O'Kane from the Guardian on 'Rebuilding Mozambique', Lorna Siggins from The Irish Times on 'Beijing and Beyond', and Helen O'Connell, President of Women and Development Europe, on 'Globalization and its Impact on Women'.

• Foreword by Mary Robinson, President of the Republic of Ireland

Oxfam in Ireland/Attic Press

1996, 0 85598 349 3, paperback 144ppp illustrated l £6.99 l $12.95


Power and Process

Geraldine Reardon

This book reflects on the Women's Linking Project which Oxfam organised in 1994. It looks not only at key issues for gender and development, but also at the internal implications of taking on a gender perspective for the structures, staff, and working practice of an organization.

1995, 085598 297 7, paperback 280pp, £9.95, $15.95


Half the World, Half a Chance

An Introduction to Gender and Development

Julia Cleves Mosse

What is gender, and why is it a development issue? How can development projects and programmes take gender issues into account? This book examines these vital questions and demonstrates why and how women are disadvantaged, not only by social structures, but also by many current development initiatives. With examples of how women are working together to overcome oppressive structures, and to achieve genuine development for themselves and their societies, Half the World, Half Chance provides an excellent introduction to the issues and a message of hope for the future. 1992, 0 85598186 5, paperback 240pp ilustrated, £9.95, $15.95


Gender Planning in Development Agencies

Meeting the Challenge

Edited by Mandy Macdonald

This is a collection of articles on gender planning which resulted from a conference sponsored by EUROSTEP, a pan-European consortium of development agencies and other European networks The book includes papers on theoretical and practical issues, as well as case studies from across Europe, with contributions from academics and practitioners including Naila Kabeer, Georgina Ashworth, Sarah White, Diana Vinding, Tina Wallace, and Judy El-Bushra. Mandy Macdonald provides an introduction and an overview, bringing together the themes of the conference, and identifying key issues associated with gender planning in the special context of development agencies.

1994, 0 85598 263 2, paperback 232pp with tables, £9.95, $15.95


Changing Perceptions

Writings on Gender and Development

Edited by Tina Wallace and Candida March

Written by women from around the world, this wide-ranging collection of articles provides a fascinating overview of gender issues and will be essential reading for anyone concerned with development who is interested in hearing the voices of women

1991, 0 85598 137 7, paperback 336pp, £11.50, $18.50


Making Her Rights a Reality (new)

Edited by Glilian Moon

Is there any benefit to taking a human rights approach to development for women living in poverty? In this book, international lawyers, development practitioners, and activists explore the concept of a human rights approach.

Published by community Aid Abroad

187587 024 5, 120pp paperback, £9.95, $15.95


Dedicated Lives

Helen O'Connell

Dedicated Lives describes the lives and work of a number of women from grassroots organizations in the South who participated in the South-South Women's Linking Project, one of Oxfam's fiftieth anniversary initiatives.

1993, 0855981970, paperback 32pp illustrated, £4.95, %7.95


Women's Rights and Development

Visions and Strategy for the Twenty-First Century

Edited by Mandy Macdonald

This paper records the proceedings of a seminar which brought together specialists and researchers in women's rights and development, and provided an opportunity for creative discussion of policy priorities for the next decade.

Published in conjunction with One World Action

An Oxfam Working Paper

1995, 0 85598 340 x, 50pp, £6.95, $12.95


Beyond Beijing Video

Based on the 1995 United Nations Fourth World Conference and NGO Forum on Women, this video captures the spirit of the events and show the strength of the movement to improve the status of women It comes with an action pack which includes a summary of the conference document suggestions on how to press for its implementation, and ways to become involved with the movement to improve women's lives.

VHS/PAL video (42 mins) plus pack £19.95

Produced by Frogleap Productions Not available in the USA



Series Outlines

Oxfam Development Guidelines

These authoritative titles bring together theory and practice derived from Oxfam's experience of development and relief. They review current thinking on a range of analyses and approaches, and provide guidelines for planners, managers, and other professionals in NGOs and official agencies. They will also be of interest to students and academics.


Oxfam Development Casebooks

This new series provides detailed case studies of individual Oxfam-supported projects and programmes. Each of these lively and accessible books draws on the views of Oxfam staff, counterpart organizations, and local communities to analyse successes and failures and to identify learning points for the future.


Oxfam Insight

This series will be of particular interest to policy makers and opinion-formers. It presents evidence to support the advocacy work of Oxfam UK and I relend on behalf of poor communities. Clear, concise, and rigorous, each book includes policy recommendations and is intended for readers with some prior knowledge of the subject.


Oxfam Country Profiles

Each highly illustrated Country Profile gives a basic introduction to the history, society, culture, politics, economy, and environment of the country in question. They provide vivid insights into the real lives of ordinary people and the major development issues that affect them.


Oxfam Basic Guides

These practical books will be of real value to practitioners working in development and relief Simply and clearly written, they offer practical advice based on Oxfam's experience of working in over 70 countries around the world


Oxfam Working Papers

As part of its commitment to sharing experience and contributing to debate, Oxfam publishes papers which describe innovative research projects, evaluate particularly interesting projects or programmes, or report the proceedings of workshops and seminars.


Practical Health Guides

The books in this series consolidate and share learning, encourage good practice, and provide practical guidance for those working on health issues in developing countries.


Development in Practice Readers

Each Development in Practice Reader offers a selection of articles to promote debate on a theme of current concern. These papers have been chosen from Development in Practice - an international journal concerned with the social dimensions of development and relief work, with contributions from field workers, policy makers and researchers. Each book in this series is introduced by a specially commissioned overview and contains an annotated bibliography of current and classic titles which together constitute an essential reading list on the chosen theme


Oxfam Focus on Gender

This series makes available each thematic issue of the Oxfam journal Gender and Development in book form. The series will be of interest to students, researchers, practitioners, and policy makers who are focusing on particular themes. The series deals with practice as well as theory, and the individual issues often focus on major international events, such as UN conferences.