| Forestry training manual Inter-America Region |
|Information collection & exchange|
|Training program overview|
|Training program goals:|
|Forestry observation guide for site visit|
|1. Stock the library|
|Reference material listing|
|2. The training site|
|3. Plan the field trip|
|4. Tree planting site|
|5. Soil erosion site|
|Conducting the training program|
|Weekly evaluation form|
|Session I day one|
|Daily schedule for technical training|
|Session II special projects|
|Session III The forest of the world, peace corps forestry goals, the individual volunteers' roles|
|Session IV Language class|
|Session V Exercise I: Record keeping|
|Session VI Exercise II|
|Session VII Flowers, seeds, the beginning|
|Session VIII Spanish language class|
|Session IX Non-verbal communication|
|Session X Basic site selection, planning and layout of a nursery|
|Session XI Spanish language class|
|Session XII Cultural values|
|Session XIII Soil preparation, seed bed sowing, and reproduction by clippings|
|Session XIV Spanish language|
|Session XV Communication through illustration|
|Session XVI Fertilizers, watering and containers|
|Session XVII Spanish language|
|Session XVIII Protection and record keeping|
|Session XIX Individual interviews|
|Session XX Planting trees|
|Session XXI Spanish language session|
|Session XXII Introduction to extension|
|Session XXIII The principals of pruning and thinning|
|Session XXIV Spanish language|
|Session XXV Volunteer's role as an extensionist|
|Session XXVI Pacing, plane table, rustic transit and compass|
|Session XXVIII Spanish language|
|Session XVIII Forestry extension|
|Session XXIX Forest menstruation|
|Session XXX Spanish language|
|Session XXXI Working with groups as an extension worker|
|Can farming and forestry coexist in the tropics?|
|Some observations about agricultural plantations and agri-silviculture|
|Session XXXIII Spanish language|
|Session XXXIV Lesson plan and use of visual aids in teaching|
|Session XXV Small research projects|
|Session XXXVI Individual interviews|
|Session XXXVII Soils|
|Session XXXVIII Spanish language|
|Session XXXIX Community analysis introduction|
|Session XL Soil erosion|
|Session XLI Spanish language|
|Session XLIII Watershed management|
|Session XLIV Spanish language|
|Session XLV Review of expectations - mid way|
|Session XLVI Spanish language|
|Session XLVII Species report|
|Session XLVIII Forestry issues|
|Exotic vs indigenous species|
|Exotics vs indigenous - Ecuador|
|Exotic vs. indigenous species - Paraguay|
|Session XLIX Spanish language|
|Session L Field trip overview|
|Session LI Ecology teams give presentations|
|Session LII Individual interviews|
|Session LIII Review of field trips|
|Session LIV Project planning: goal setting|
|Session LV Spanish language|
|Session LVI Resources|
|Session LVII Compost heap - insect collection - light gaps|
|Session LVIII Spanish language|
|Session LIX Cultural shock - are we ready for it?|
|Session LX Grafting and fruit trees|
|Session LXI Spanish language|
|Session LXII Professional approaches to interaction with host country officials|
|Session LXIII Final interviews|
|Session LXIV Graduation|
Total Time:1 1/ 2 hours.
- To provide a global view of forestry today and in the future.
- To provide information on Peace Corps forestry goals.
- To taring the individual volunteer's role into perspective.
- To have participants brainstorm key problems and possible solutions concerning forestry, reforestation, aforestation in and around their sites.
This session is no taring into focus the global view of the world's disappearing forest. Discussion then moves to Peace. Corps goals in forestry and finally brings into perspective the role of the individual volunteer. It also allows trainees to search for possible problems and propose solutions based on their observations at their future sites.
1. Participants brainstorming of problems and solutions.
2. Lecture on global views, Peace Corps goals, individual perspective .
Flip charts, marker pens, tape.
Exercise I: Problems and solutions in forestry at the volunteer trainees's work sites
Total Time: 1 hour.
The purpose of this exercise is to have participants brainstorm and record problems and solutions in forestry at their work sites.
1. Trainer asks for groups to form based on geographical site locations; i.e., those with similar climate, species, etc. Trainer then asks groups to spend a minute brainstorming problem that they observed while on their site visits and list them on newsprint. Next after problems have been listed, list possible solutions.
2. Small geographical groups present their lists of problems and solutions to large groups.
3. Trainer then summarizes the activity and points out similarities and differences.
Trainer's Note: These lists should also be saved as they will he used again as a part of a later exercise. It is best to keep then posted if possible.
Exercise II Overview of Forestry from a Global Perspective, the Peace Corps Coals, and the Individual Volunteers Role
Total Time: 1 hour, 10 minutes
The purpose of this exercise is to give information on the world problems in forestry. To state the Peace Corps goals and to give hope to the individual volunteer that they can play a part in changing the grim prediction for the world's forests.
1. Trainer, or if possible visiting authority on forestry, gives lecture on global picture. Lecture outline follows.
I. Causes of Deforestation
A. Clearing for Agriculture
(1) Shifting agriculture
(4) Land tenure
(5) Cattle raising
B. Firewood Gathering
(1) 4/5 of volume removed from tropical forests is for firewood.
(2) Charcoal Production
(2) Damage to standing timber left 55% of stand
(3) Little reforestation
II. Success of reforestation will include:
A. Technical proficiency
B. Personal fulfillment
C. Agency accomplishment
D. Community involvement
III. Selection of areas of action out of awareness of total picture.
A. Results of Deforestation
(2) Loss of rav material
(3) Situation - River; darn
(4) Soil infertility
(5) Economic loss
(6) Extinction of flora and fauna
(7) Lack and/or reduction of water
(8) Lack of toilet paper
2. Trainer or if possible Program Manager from Peace Corps gives lecture on Peace Corps goals for forestry.
A. Ideal: Educate people to:
1 ) Conservation
2) Rational utilization of resources
B. Practical: Plant as many trees as possible.
C. What to do:
1. Agency Problems
b. Emphasis on technical
c. Lack of interest
d. Efforts do not address problems
e. Lack of resources
g. No cooperation with other agencies; no cooperation among field of specialization
2. Campesino/community Problems
a. Have other problems to solve
b. Getting people together is difficult
c. Level of education is usually low
d. Cultural habits difficult to work with
3. Trainer gives the lecture on what the individual can do. Outline follows.
D. The Answer?
1. Forestry Measures
a. Agroforestry systems
b. Village woodlots
c. Intensive plantations
d. Better management Reserves
e. Regulating logging practices
f. Application of known technology
2. Enabling Actions
a. National development patterns
b. Alternatives -food supply
c. Increase crop yields
d. Land tenure
e. Effective attention energy
f. Conservation of forest products
g. Better stoves - recycling
h. Reduce waste
Trainer's Note: In the back of this section are sample lectures. You will want to put these views in your own words. However, depending on resource people available at the time of training you may not need to worry about lecture preparation.
4. Trainers and/or speakers ask for questions from participants. Trainer summarizes - pointing out that volunteers are a part of a large picture and have a valuable job to do and that we are going to spend the next 5 weeks getting ready to do that job.
5. At this time the director of conference/training center may want
to say a few words of welcome and give tour of training facilities.