| Technology Policy and Practice in Africa |
It would be difficult to acknowledge everyone who has contributed in one way or another to the creation of this book. Its story dates back to when the International Development Research Centre established a Technology Policy Program in the early 1980s. The support of this program, throughout its many transformations, and of the Carnegie Corporation of New York led to the creation of the two Technology Policy Studies Networks in Africa, under which all of the case studies in this book were completed. We are, therefore, very grateful to both IDRC and Carnegie Corporation for their moral and intellectual support, without which this book would not have come into being.
At IDRC and the Carnegie Corporation, we worked with a number of colleagues who provided intellectual guidance to the two networks and critical advice, which helped to improve the case studies. These colleagues include Dr. Eva M. Rathgeber of IDRC, Nairobi; Professor Paul Vitta, formerly of IDRC, Nairobi, and now the director of Unesco–ROSTA in Nairobi; Mr. Brent Herbert-Copley, who has had the primary responsibility for the Technology Policy Program at IDRC since 1990; Dr. Patricia Rosenfield of the Carnegie Corporation; Dr. Akin Adubifa, who was the coordinator of the West African Technology Policy Studies Network and is now with the Carnegie Corporation; and Dr. Kirby Davidson, who is a consultant for the Carnegie Corporation. All these people worked tirelessly to ensure the success of the networks. We are very grateful to them for their contribution and for providing the impetus to edit and publish this volume.
At the network level, the peer review process was lively and constructive. It would be difficult to acknowledge every network member individually. But we acknowledge the network members for their many insights, which in no small way improved the case studies. We are very grateful to these network members, as well as the authors, who allowed us editorial discretion in the publication of this book.
Finally, in preparing this book, we benefited from the editorial advice of Mrs. Gillian Ngola of Nairobi and the secretarial support of Ms. Imelda Wasike and Ms. Joanne Mwenda of IDRC, Nairobi.
Edited by Osita M. Ogbu, Banji O. Oyeyinka, and Hasa M. Mlawa
African economies need deep technological revolutions to bring about rapid structural shifts, to deepen their industry, and build up their endogenous technological capability. The case studies presented here demonstrate the need to pay greater attention to an enabling macroeconomic environment and the ways that environment interacts with an effective technology policy. This interaction should allow for technological learning, the right technical choices, the setting up of appropriate institutions, and effective technological management for both the industrial and agricultural sectors, including those small and medium-sized enterprises that are now so vital for income and employment.
Osita M. Ogbu has a doctorate in economics from Howard University and was a research economist with the Africa Technical Department of the World Bank in Washington. He is a senior regional program officer with the International Development Research Centre, responsible for the Economic and Technology Policy Program for eastern and southern Africa.
Banji Oyelaran-Oyeyinka has a doctorate in technology policy and industrialization management from the Science Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex, and also has a background in chemical engineering. After working in the petroleum and steel industries in Nigeria, he joined the Nigerian Institute for Social and Economic Research (NISER), where he is a senior research fellow.
Hasa Mfaume Mlawa has a doctorate in technology policy studies from the University of Sussex and is an associate professor in technology policy studies and director of the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Dar-es-Salaam. He has published his research on technology policy and industrial development in sub-Saharan Africa.