Cover Image
close this book Gender issues in health projects and programmes
View the document Preface
close this folder Introduction
View the document 1.1 Women's health in context
View the document 1.2 Women's life-cycle and their health
close this folder 2. Identifying women's health needs: an analytical framework
View the document 2.1 Introduction
View the document 2.2 Household level factors
View the document 2.3 Community level factors
View the document 2.4 National and international factors
View the document 2.5 Sexuality and reproductive health: malting the connections
close this folder 3. Reproductive health care
View the document 3.1 Introduction
View the document 3.2 Reproductive tract infections (RTIs)
View the document 3.3 Maternal mortality
View the document 3.4 Family planning
View the document 3.5 Abortion
View the document 3.6 The population debate
View the document 3.7 International population conferences
close this folder 4. Gender issues in primary health care
View the document 4.1 The primary health care approach
View the document 4.2 Gender issues in access to health services
View the document 4.3 Integrating gender issues into hearth care
View the document 4.4 Working at different levels
close this folder 5. Addressing gender and health issues in NGO programmes
View the document 5.1 Working at the grassroots
View the document 5.2 Issues for funding agencies working with partners
View the document Appendix


The AGRA East workshop on Gender issues in Health Projects and Programmes was held from 15 to 19 November 1993, at the University of Los Banos Campus. The workshop process and content was evolved by a core group comprising Eugenia Piza Lopez and Claudia Garcia Moreno from Oxfam headquarters, Galuh Wandita from Oxfam Indonesia, and two external consultants, Gert Ranjolabang from Centre for Women's Resources, Philippines, and T K Sundari Ravindran from India, co-editor of Reproductive Health Matters. The workshop was conceived as being participatory in approach, so that concepts would not only be acquired at the intellectual level, but the need for gender analysis, for example, felt and appreciated to the extent of becoming a commitment. For this, participants needed to go through experiential exercises that enabled them, in their role as development practitioners, to empathise with the situation of those on whose behalf they would be making decisions. All sessions were planned to be able to maximise participant input. The core group's role was essentially one of facilitation. Sessions consisted typically of a group or individual exercise which drew out what participants already knew, and built on these through the facilitator's specific inputs and discussion in the plenary.

The broad objectives of the workshop were to strengthen participants' understanding of the basic concepts and major issues in connection with gender and health. In the above process, they were collectively to develop tools for analysing gender and health issues in any given context, and for carrying these forward within each country programme. At the end of the fourday workshop, it was envisaged that the participants would be able to:

· analyse the major health issues and concerns faced by women

· dentify gender and health issues within development programmes and projects

· address gender and health issues within partners' programmes and projects

· increase commitment on the part of development practitioners to gender and health issues.

This paper draws on the experience of the workshop to set out some of the major gender issues arising from considerations of health and health care provision.