Cover Image
close this book Tools for teaching - A visual aids workshop, and instruction manual for health educators
close this folder Session 2. Project #1: Planning session 2.0
View the document 2.1 Design principles: Review
View the document 2.2 The design process: Review
View the document 2.3 Brainstorming & evaluation
View the document 2.4 Sketches/storyboards/scripts
View the document 2.5 Homework assignment: Design completion

Session 2. Project #1: Planning session 2.0



Following a review of design principles, Session 2 will give participants an opportunity to experience the first six steps of the design process through direct participation.


Participants will be able to analyze a public health issue, compose a single-item message, and address it to a specific target audience. Teams will develop their initial designs and presentation strategies for Project #1.


List of design considerations (from Session l, Activity 1.4) The Design Process (prepared list from Session l, Activity 1.5) Master Plan (from Session l, Activity 1.7) newsprint (or brown paper) and felt pens


Post the master plan on the wall where everyone can see it clearly.


Estimated Time

2.1 Design Principles: Review

10 minutes

2.2 The Design Process: Review


2.3 Design Development: Brainstorming & Evaluation


*** Merienda


2.4 Design Development: Sketches/Storyboards/Scripts


2.5 Homework Assignment: Initial Design Completion



180 minutes



2.1 Design principles: Review

10 Minutes


1) Ask participants to take out a piece of paper and list the design considerations of an effective visual aid. Each individual should work independently without referring to any notes.

2) Request participants to trade papers. While this is being done, post the list of design considerations (from Session l, Activity 1.4) on the wall where everyone can see it.

3) Read each item aloud while participants correct each other's lists. Forgotten items should be added to each list before it is returned to its author.


2.2 The design process: Review

15 Minutes.


1) Now, ask participants to list the twelve steps of the design process on the other side of their paper. Again, they should work independently without referring to their notes.

2) Have participants trade papers again. Ask a volunteer to read aloud the items as they appear on the list s/he holds.

3) As each item is read, write it - in the sequence given on the chalkboard.

4) Ask participants if the list is correct. Have any items been left out? Are the items in the proper sequence? Do not offer any input yourself. Keep the discussion going until all the participants agree that, to the best of their knowledge, the list is correct.

5) Now post the list prepared for Session l (from Activity 1.5). Ask participants to compare the two lists. Ask them to correct their colleague's list as required and return it.


2.3 Brainstorming & evaluation

50 Minutes


1) Participants should group themselves in teams. Using the ideas and concepts they developed as a result of their homework assignment as a starting place, they should "brainstorm" and try to generate at least eight to ten ideas for Project #1. Call "time" after 10 minutes.

2) Ask teams to discuss the ideas they have generated. They should feel free to modify and refine the concepts as they are being discussed. Ask them to evaluate their ideas in terms of:

• appropriateness to subject matter and occasion

• manageability of both production and use

• sensitivity to customs and traditions of target audience

• cost effectiveness

3) Based on their evaluation, teams should select one idea to develop visually and editorially.

4) Alternatively, team members may elect to reproduce and/or adapt an appropriate activity described in MAKING & USING VISUAL AIDS.

* * * * * TEN MINUTE MERIENDA * * * * *


2.4 Sketches/storyboards/scripts

90 Minutes


1) At this point, facilitator should work closely with teams to help them make their thumbnail sketches and/or storyboards, and to assist them in outlining their presentation strategy and script.

2) Remind team members to refer to the list of characteristics describing a "good" visual aid to be sure that their idea/ design is:

• simple

• direct

• accurate

• easily understood

• colorful

• stimulating

• sensitive to local customs and traditions



2.5 Homework assignment: Design completion

5 Minutes


1) Teams will complete their thumbnail sketches, storyboards, and presentation outlines.

2) Teams will make arrangements for a venue and sample audience to pretest Project #1. The pretest should be scheduled to take place following Session 3.