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close this book Tools for teaching - A visual aids workshop, and instruction manual for health educators
close this folder Session 1. Introduction to the visual aids workshop
close this folder Handout 1.8.1 Making & using visual aids (Supplementary learning materials)
View the document Introduction
View the document 1. Chalkboard
View the document 2. Charts
View the document 3. Diagrams
View the document 4. Flip charts
View the document 5. Flannelboard
View the document 6. Posters
View the document 7. Comic books
View the document 8. Pamphlets
View the document 9. Flyers
View the document 10. Flexiflans
View the document 11. Games
View the document 12. Puppets
View the document 13. Masks
View the document 14. Slide presentations

1. Chalkboard

A chalkboard is an effective, inexpensive, and easily used visual aid. For field presentations where there may not be a chalkboard available, a portable board can be constructed quite simply.

To make a chalkboard:

1) Carefully sand one side of a piece of plywood.

2) Paint with blackboard paint or any other flat colored paint.

3) Before writing on a new chalkboard, prepare the surface by wiping the board with a cloth or eraser covered with chalk dust. This will make subsequent erasing easier.


To make a combination chalkboard/flannelboard, glue a piece of felt or flannel to the back of the board. Or make the chalkboard from a piece of masonite (lawanit). The smooth side can serve as the chalkboard without any additional sanding. The rough side of the board will support felt-backed pictures.

To use a chalkboard:

1) Be sure that everyone in the audience can see the board.

2) Don't scribble on the board willy-nilly. Write clearly using minimum 1" letters.

3) Keep your presentation neat and orderly; write from top to bottom.

4) Accent important points by underlining.

5) When explaining/discussing chalkboard material, stand to the side of the board and use a pointer.

6) Do not mix up your material. Clean the chalkboard with a cloth or eraser after each topic discussion.

7) Encourage volunteers from the audience to use the chalk board to explain their ideas.

NOTE: If you think you will need to use the material on the chalkboard at a later time or for another group, it would probably be better to use a marking pen and a piece of paper taped to the wall. You can save the paper and avoid having to write the material out each time.