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close this book Community Nutrition Action for Child Survival
View the document Table of contents
View the document Introduction
View the document How to use community nutrition action for child survival
close this folder Part I - Community nutrition problems and interventions
close this folder Unit 1 - The nutrition of women and children
View the document Session 1: What is malnutrition?
View the document Session 2: Focus on the nutrition of women and children
View the document Session 2: Focus on women and children
View the document Session 3: Important causes of malnutrition in women and children
View the document Session 4: Community nutrition action for child survival
close this folder Unit 2: Measuring and monitoring growth in young children
View the document Session 1: Measuring growth
View the document Session 2: Arm circumference
View the document Session 3: The road to health chart
View the document Session 4: The thinness chart
View the document Session 6: Counseling, referral and follow-up of malnourished children
close this folder Unit 3: PROMOTING BREASTFEEDING
View the document Session 1: The importance of breastfeeding
View the document Session 2: Helping mothers breastfeed
View the document Session 3: Breastfeeding information for Kenyans
close this folder Unit 4: Introducing weaning practices in the community
View the document Session 1: Changing weaning practices
View the document Session 2: Making improved meaning foods in the home
View the document Session 3: Weaning food practice
View the document Session 4: Case study: Village weaning food projects in Thailand
View the document Session 5: Weaning foods - Village production techniques
close this folder Unit 5: Preventing diarrhea
View the document Session 1: Preventing diarrhea*
View the document Session 2: Diarrhea home management
View the document Session 3: Community activities to prevent diarrhea*
close this folder Unit 6: Immunization
View the document Session: Improving immunization coverage - The community's role
close this folder Unit 7: Family planning and nutrition
View the document Session 1: Family planning and nutrition
View the document Session 2: Providing the facts about family planning
View the document Session 3: Community-based distribution of family planning methods
close this folder Part II - Planning nutrition action projects
close this folder Unit 1: Working with the community to improve nutrition
View the document Session: Simulation exercise
close this folder Unit 2: Finding the causes of malnutrition
View the document Session 1: Conducting a community nutrition mini-survey
View the document Session 2: Analyzing community nutrition information
close this folder Unit 3: Deciding what to do
View the document Session 1: Visits to on-going nutrition projects
View the document Session 2: Case studies/panel discussion
close this folder Unit 4: Planning nutrition action projects
View the document Session 1: Describing the problem
View the document Session 2: Writing project goals and objectives
View the document Session 3: Choosing project activities
View the document Session 4: Developing a project work plan
View the document Session 5: Planning how to evaluate
View the document Session 6: Preparing a budget
close this folder Unit 5 - Session: Writing a project proposal/Mini-Workshop
View the document Session: Writing a project proposal Mini-Workshop
close this folder Part III - Project management systems
close this folder Unit 1: Training community nutrition workers
View the document Session 1: Introduction
View the document Session 2: Assessing training needs/writing objectives
View the document Session 3: Choosing training methods
View the document Session 4: Scheduling training content
close this folder Unit 2: Evaluating progress
View the document Session 1: What do he need to know? How can we find out?
View the document Session 2: Records and reports
View the document Session 3: A prototype record keeping system
View the document Session 4: Evaluating activities with the community
close this folder Unit 3 - Supervising community nutrition activities
View the document Session 1: The role of the supervisor
View the document Session 2: Identifying and solving problems
View the document Session 3: Problem-solving/role play
View the document Session 4: Planning and conducting supervision visits

Session 1: Introduction

Purpose:

Trainees discuss the functions of training and the instances where training is necessary for the implementation of community nutrition action projects. They also discuss the composition and qualifications of training teams.

Time: 1/2 hour

Materials:

- Newsprint and marking pens or chalkboard and chalk

Steps:

1. What is training? Begin by writing the words "training" and "education" on newsprint or on the chalkboard. Ask participants: " Is there any difference between training and education?" If they say yes, ask them to describe the difference. Or, ask them to say what they think of when they hear each of these words. Allow five or six responses.

2. Stress the unique characteristics of training:

- Training prepares a person for specific kinds of action

- Training deals mostly with developing skills or teaching "how to do" something

- Training improves performance in an activity

- Training motivates or changes attitudes

- Training should lead to sustained, self-generating development

(Adapted from Training Manual for Helping Professions by Kiron Wadhera)

3. Ask: "When is training necessary in community nutrition action projects?"

Answers should include:

- before a project to raise community awareness about nutrition programs;

- in the early stages of a community action project for training community volunteers or workers;

- periodically throughout the life of the project.

4. Ask: "Who should plan and carry out project training?" Discuss with participants the role of the manager in guiding and organizing training to meet community needs

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of enlisting other technically-trained resource specialists to work on training activities.

5. Ask: "What are the desired characteristics of training team members?" Ask participants to write down the kinds of individuals they would ask to work with them on the training of community nutrition volunteers. Make a master list of the types of individuals on newsprint, i.e., nutrition worker, agricultural worker, artist, health education person, trainer, family planning specialist, etc.

6. Ask: "What personal characteristics would you look for in training team members?"

List the answers:

- Training experience

- Understanding of local problems

- Good rapport with community members

- Reliability, willingness to work

- Etc.

7. Summarize: The size of the training team depends on the length of training, the number of participants and, of course, resources. The training team should be involved early on in the planning process.

Tell trainees that we are going to use a step-by-step process in this unit to plan a training activity. The process includes the steps below. It can be used by teams or individuals for planning training workshops, in-service training and on-the-job training. The same process can be used to plan training for community nutrition workers, supervisors, and a wide variety of individuals and groups from other types of programs.

8. Write the steps in planning training activities on newsprint and display:

a. Assessing training needs

b. Writing training objectives

c. Choosing training methods and content

d. Preparing a schedule

e. Preparing session plans

f. Planning how to evaluate trainee knowledge and skills