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close this book Wells construction: hand dug and hand drilled
close this folder Section one: Planning
close this folder Chapter 1: Introduction to wells planning
View the document A. Overview
View the document B. The need for adequate water supply
View the document C. Involving the local community
View the document D. Selecting the most appropriate water source
View the document E. Site choice
View the document F. Preventing water contamination
View the document G. Types of wells
View the document H. Well sections
View the document I. Materials
View the document J. Tools and equipment
View the document K. Sinking method
View the document L. Preparation for construction
View the document M. Planning
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F. Preventing water contamination

What is the optimum well design for the prevention of contamination?

The only way to design a well to prevent water contamination is to seal it so that water can enter only through the bottom section. Dug wells need to be covered with a permanent cover through which a pump is installed to draw water. All wells should have a platform around them that is at least 1 meter wide, one which water will not penetrate. This platform ought to be sloped in such a way that any spilled water runs off away from the well. (See Figs. A and B on inside of front and back manual covers.)

These and other measures are described in more detail in the design section for the different types of wells (pp. 23 and 124).