Cover Image
close this book Water purification, distribution and sewage disposal for Peace Corps volunteers
View the document Contents
View the document Preface
close this folder Section 1: Water supply sources
View the document Overview:
View the document Background information
View the document Evaluation of sources
View the document Factors influencing the quality of water
View the document The quantity of water
View the document Types of sources
View the document Development of water sources
View the document The basic requirements of a water supply
View the document Selection of the source of supply
View the document Lesson plans
close this folder Section 2: Water treatment
View the document Overview:
View the document Self purification
View the document Basic steps in treating water
View the document Sample designs for treatment systems
View the document Lesson plans
close this folder Section 3: Planning the distribution system
View the document Overview:
View the document Design
View the document Existing facilities
View the document Size and nature of the community
View the document System capacity
View the document Water source
View the document Proposed system
View the document Financing the project
View the document Lesson plans
close this folder Section 4: Characteristics of an adequate system
View the document Overview:
View the document Essential components of an adequate system
View the document General requirements for an adequate system
View the document Relationship of distribution system to community
View the document Headloss and distribution systems
View the document Lesson plans
close this folder Section 5: Construction techniques
View the document Overview:
View the document Scheme
View the document Concrete
View the document Construction at the source
View the document Construction at the pumping station
View the document Construction at storage facility
View the document Construction on supply line
View the document Lesson plans
close this folder Section 6: Operation and maintenance
View the document Overview:
View the document Water source maintenance and inspection
View the document Regulations for installing new service connections or extensions to existing system.
View the document Regulations for cleaning the distributions system
View the document Inventorying for operation in emergencies
View the document Types of financial statements for small waterworks
View the document Lesson plans
close this folder Section 7: Scope of disposal system projects in host communities
View the document Overview:
View the document Public health importance of excreta disposal
View the document How disease is carried from excreta
View the document The characteristics of an adequate system
View the document Possible sanitary measures in rural areas
View the document Soil and ground-water pollution
View the document Location of latrines and other excreta disposal facilities
View the document Sludge accumulation and the life of a pit privy
View the document Community participation
View the document Family participation
View the document Role of health department and other agencies
View the document Public versus private latrines
View the document Human factors
View the document Lesson plans
close this folder Section 8: The privy method of excreta disposal design for a village
View the document Overview:
View the document The sanitary survey
View the document The pit privy
View the document Example privy designs
View the document Latrine for village use
View the document Thailand water-seal privy
View the document Lesson plans
close this folder Section 9: Water carried sewage systems construction and maintenance
View the document Overview:
View the document The septic tank
View the document Operation and maintenance
View the document Lesson plans
View the document Appendix A
View the document Appendix B
View the document Bibliography

Types of financial statements for small waterworks

DETAILED COST BREAKDOWN

A detailed cost breakdown is calculated for the total yearly production of water.

Production Costs

Water pumping labor

Water pumping electricity (or other fuel)

Other production expense

Depreciation

Insurance

Interest

Allocated administrative expense

Total production costs

Distribution costs

Operating expense

Maintenance

Depreciation

Insurance

Interest

Stores expense

Total distribution costs

Other operating costs

Customer accounting and collecting

Administrative and general

Total other operating costs

Total all costs

Total water revenue

Net income to surplus

Administrative and general expense

Sales promotion expense

Sales: general, officers and executives

Other general office salaries

General office supplies and expense

Special services

Legal services

Insurance

Miscellaneous general expense

Maintenance of general property

Rent

Rent on office equipment

Stores expense

Total

STATEMENT OF OPERATING EXPENSES

The following operating expenses are tabulated for both monthly periods and the year to date.

Production expense

Operation supervision

City water pumping labor

Miscellaneous station labor

City water pumping, electricity, and fuel

Station expenses

Maintenance of structures and improvements

Maintenance of city wells

Employees' welfare and expense plant

Treatment labor

Treatment supplies and expense

Maintenance of structures and improvements

Maintenance of treatment equipment

Total

Distribution expense

Operation supervision and engineering

Operation of lines

Services on customer premises

Street repairs, labor and material

Maintenance of mains

Maintenance of valves and equipment

Maintenance of services

Maintenance of meters

Employees' welfare and expense - district

Total

Customers' accounts and collecting

Customers' contracts, meter reading

Customers' billing and accounting

Total

PROFIT OR LOSS STATEMENT

The profit or loss statement features, in addition to the following items figures on the number of customers served by the utility, and the amount of water pumped, sold, and lost. The number of customers for that month is compared to the number for the same month in the previous year. The amount of water pumped, sold and lost is tabulated for that month, for the year to date, and for the 12 previous months to date. The net profit or loss is drawn up for that month and the year to date.

Operating revenue

Water sales

Water for city

Interdepartmental sales - plant use

Total

Water taps

Service charges

Miscellaneous revenue

Total operating revenue less charges for water for city

Net operating revenue

Operating expense

Production expense

Distribution expense

Customer collection and accounting

Administrative and general

Total

Depreciation

Total operating expense

Net operating profit

Other expense

Bond interest expense

Interest on contracts

Services to city

Labor and material - fire hydrants

Other services to city

Total