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The Oxfam Gender Training Manual

Suzanne Williams with Janet Seed and Adelina Mwau

A very useful publication ILEIA Newsletter

The Oxfam Gender Training Manual is a unique resource for gender and development trainers which draws on the work of gender trainers all over the world. It offers fieldtested training activities and handouts, drawn from a wide range of sources and shaped into a coherent training programme.

Contents: Foreword; Preface; A guide to this manual; Key concepts; Facilitators' guidelines; Training techniques; Introductions; Expectations; Sharing work experience; Consensus on development; Gender awareness and selfawareness; Building gender awareness; Self-awareness for men and women; Gender roles and needs; Women in the world; Gender and development; Gender-sensitive appraisal and planning; Analytical frameworks; Case studies; Gender and global issues; Gender and conflict; Gender and environment; Gender and economic crisis; Gender and culture; Working with women and men; Listening; Communicating gender; Strategies for change; Evaluations; Resources.

The Oxfam Gender Training Manual is primarily intended as a resource for trainers and organizations concerned with development and relief, in the North and in the South. It will also be of value to any organisation attempting to incorporate a gender perspective into its work.

1995, 085598 267 5, 630pp illustrated, £30.00, $45.00

Also available in Spanish

0 85598 380 9, 3 volume set, £24.95, $39.95

Together with planning, monitoring and evaluation, and recruitment, gender training is a tool in the processs of implementing gender-fair development, rather than an end in itself. Rather than promoting a mechanical implementation of gender-equitable development, gender training aims to develop thought and action in a transformational manner, enabling participants to explore the issues, understand the dynamics of their societies and apply the concept of gender analysis to everyday development practice.' from the Foreword

'could be used not only by experienced trainers rooking for new ideas, but also by those with on interest in gender who are uncertain where and how to begin the process of raising gender awareness.'

Learning for Health



Gender and Development

Editor: Caroline Sweetman

Gender and Development 'is excellent for those in the field and also academics, such as myself who value a high clarity of writing on the practical aspects of gender analysis. It is a refreshing and necessary addition to the literature.'

Deborah Johnston, Land and Agriculture Policy Centre, South Africa

Gender and Development is the only British journal to focus specifically on gender and development issues internationally, to explore the links between gender and development initiatives, and to make the links between theoretical and practical work in this field.

Launched in 1993, Gender and Development has become essential reading for all development practitioners and policy makers, and offers articles drawing on Oxfam's strength and experience as a leading nongovernmental organization working in the gender field.

Each issue has a distinct thematic focus, with articles by practitioners, activists, and academics from the South and North with particular expertise in aspects of gender and development work. Gender and Development offers a valuable forum for debate, bringing together a wealth of theory, experience, and insight.

Gender and Development is also available in electronic form via Catch Word Ltd. a worldwide electronic publishing services company. For further details, a free sample copy, and information about combined print and electronic subscription rates, please contact Oxfam Publishing (see inside front cover for address).

Volume 5 (1997) ISSN 1355-2074 Subscription rates (pent or electronic version)

Institutional: £60, 5100 Personal: £24, $40 Developing Countries: £12, $17


Oxfam Focus on Gender Books


Gender in Development Organization

Edited by Caroline Sweetman

Over the past decade, organizations working on development issues have taken an increasing interest in women's needs and rights. But working on promoting awareness of women's marginalisation demands more than an equal opportunities policy. This book draws together the experience of organisations working to promote women's full participation in the development process, looking at the obstacles that stand in the way.

Issues examined in this collection include gender 'auditing'; the institutionalisation of gender; the experience of a UN agency of integrating gender into its country programme; the process of creating a gender strategy; and using gender training. Contributors include Anne-Marie Goetz (Institute of Development Studies, Brighton, UK), Angela Hadlipateras (ACORD, UK), and Randa Husseini, UNIFEM, Lebanon.

June 1997, 0 85598 365 5, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95


Women, Employment, and Exclusion

Edited by Caroline Sweetman

It is increasingly hard to survive outside the cash economy, and an everincreasing number of people throughout the world are being drawn into the global economic system. For poor women, the choice is often between exploitation in employment or survival on the margins.

Articles in this collection explore both aspects of exploitation and how this relates to women's position in society.

Contents include: Angela Hale: The deregulated global economy: women workers and strategies of resistance; Michael McCall: Rural brewing, exclusion and development policy-making; Alana Albee: Beyond 'banking for the poor': credit mechanisms and women's empowerment.

1996, 0 85598 364 7, paperback 72pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95


Women and the Family

Edited by Caroline Sweetman

Looking at factors as diverse as the pervasiveness of patriarchy, changing family forms, female infanticide, and land reform policies, this collection of articles considers the family from a gender perspective, and how the socially prescribed roles of men and women within the family can constrain women's opportunities. Contributors include Suad Joseph and Ranjani Krishnamurthy.

1996, 0 85598 352 3, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7.95, $12. 95


Women and Urban Settlement

Edited by Caroline Sweetman

The rapid expansion of towns and cities throughout the world in recent years has created huge problems, as governments have been unable to provide adequate housing and services for growing urban populations. This book looks at various aspects of urban life from a gender perspective, drawing together social, technical and political issues to provide a long-awaited resource for researchers and planners. Articles cover issues such as gendersensitive urban planning; work migration; community urban regeneration schemes; health care for poor urban women; and the dislocation and loss of home experienced by refugees.

1996, 0 85598 348 5, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95


Societies in Transition

Edited by Caroline Sweetman

Change and upheaval are a way of life for millions of women and men throughout the world, who survive conflict, economic and political crises in addition to life-cycle transitions such as ageing. The articles in this book assert that, while transition creates hardship and trauma, it can give women an opportunity to challenge the negative aspects of relations between the sexes. Contributors include Maxine Molyneux, Kasturi Sen, and Carolyne Dennis and Ernestina Peprah.

1995, 085598 339 6, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95


Women and Rights

Edited by Caroline Sweetman

Women's rights are human rights' was one of the messages to come out of the UN Human Rights Conference in Vienna in 1993. This book in the Focus on Gender series explores the issue of women's rights in a variety of different contexts: the legal background and history of human rights legislation; the special human rights problems of women caught up in conflict or forced to become refugees; the importance of providing women with information and training to enable them to claim their rights; violence against women as a human rights violation; women's rights as workers, and the rights of disabled women.

1995, 0 85598 317 5, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7-95, $12.95


Women and Culture

Edited by Caroline Sweetman

Topics discussed in this book include identity, meaning, and culture; the struggle of feminists from the South to gain legitimacy in Northern-dominated development debates; working to challenge restrictive gender roles in Zimbabwe; gender violence as a development issue; the use of rape as a weapon of war in former Yugoslavia, and the use of popular culture and the media to promote gender equity.

1995, 0 85598 3108, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95


North-South Co-operation

Edited by Caroline Sweetman

This books look at co-operation for development: between North, South, and East; women's organisations and funding agencies; development practitioners, academics, and civil society; politicians and economists; and women and men. Currently the world is in economic and political crisis, of which escalating conflict is a symptom. In this book, writers from South and North stress that such crises can be resolved only if we recognise that we are all involved in a global system which perpetuates poverty and inequality, not only in the South and East but also in the North

1995, 085598 300 0, paperback 94pp illustrated, £7-95, $12.95


Women and Conflict

Edited by Helen O'Connell

This book concentrates on gender issues in situations of conflict and considers the impact of civil and military strife, domestic conflict, and the impact of cuts in state services on women's lives Contributors include Judy ElBushra and Eugenia Piza-Lopez, Tina Wallace, Judith Zur, Melia Sancho Liao, and Ruth Jacobson.

1993, 0 85598 222 5, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95


Population and Reproductive Rights

Edited by Caroline Sweetman and Kate de Selincourt

The complex links between poverty, population pressures, and environmental exploitation mean that population is above all a development issue. This volume highlights the need for an approach based on reproductive rights, offering family-planning services and information as part of a comprehensive women's health care programme linked to women's empowerment. Other issues covered include the development of new contraceptive technologies, the toll taken by unsafe abortion on women's lives and health, and the cultural norms which determine deep-rooted attitudes to women's sexuality.

1994, 0 85598 278 0, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95


Women and Emergencies

Edited by Bridget Walker

The papers in this book consider some of the dilemmas of emergency relief operations, and look at the experience of women in situations of crisis, their particular vulnerabilities, and their capacities and strengths.

1994, 085598 266 7, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95


Women and Economic Policy

Edited by Barbara Evers

This volume is structured around two main themes: macroeconomic policy and gender relations; and incomegeneration projects and empowerment. Covering a wide range of countries, the articles look at many different aspects of women's lives, the effects of economic policies, and how women are adapting and organising to enable their families and communities to survive.

1994, 085598 260 8, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95


Women and the Environment

Edited by Geraldine Reardon

Women are profoundly affected by environmental degradation. This book looks at underlying factors such as debt and structural adjustment, trade, aid, war, and social structures to understand how this happens. Contributors include Joan Davidson, Marian Dem. Rasheda Begum, Robin Palmer, Nawina Hamaundu, and Eugenia Piza-Lopez

1993, 0 85598 2217, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7.95, $12.95


Questioning Empowerment

Working with Women in Honduras (new)

Jo Rowlands

'Empowerment' is a popular buzz-word used by many diverse development organizations - but what does it really mean?




In this new book Jo Rowlands examines the various meanings given to the concept of empowerment, and the many ways in which power can be expressed, in personal relationships and in wider social interactions.

The book examines two development projects in Honduras which were both concerned mainly with women, comparing their different approaches, and assessing the extent to which the women involved were empowered as a result of their experiences.

Questioning Empowerment represents a challenge to those involved in development initiatives who may be tempted to make unrealistic claims about the positive changes which can result from their work, and questions how far genuine empowerment is possible for women without major changes in social attitudes.

• Jo Rowlands has worked for over ten years as a trainer and consultant for cooperatives and NGOs in Britain and Latin America. She is currently Evaluation Officer for Voluntary Service Overseas.

June 1997, 0 85598 362 0, paperback 208pp, £9.95, $15.95


Gender and Disability

Women's Experiences in the Middle East (new)

Lina Abu-Habib

Women with disabilities face a double discrimination, both in terms of gender and also of their particular disability. For many women their most punishing disability is the attitude taken to them by society.

This book examines the situation of women with various types of disability in the Middle Eastern context, and describes the evolution of Oxfam's perspective on working with disabled women It provides a general overview of the concept of disability and includes several case studies from the Lebanon, Yemen, and the Occupied Palestinian Territories Each chapter looks at specific aspects oft he issue, and personal histories from disabled women and members of organizations for disabled people provide gripping testimony.

Chapter include: disabled women in Beijing; working with mothers of children with learning disabilities; blind girls' life chances; gender considerations in community based rehabilitation projects in Jordan and the Palestinian Territories; and facing the backlash: one woman's experience in Yemen.

• Lina Abu-Habib has worked for Oxfam in Lebanon for several years, specializing in gender and disability issues.

May 1997, 085598 363 9, paperback 64pp illustrated, £7.95, $9.95


Women, Land and Authority

Perspectives from South Africa (new)

edited by Shamim Meer

The issue of land lies at the heart of South Africa's democratic transformation, but the extremity of apartheid's racial legacy is in danger of obscuring a no less pervasive oppression: that of women. This volume brings together recent research on women by the National Land Committee of South Africa. Through several pioneering surveys and case studies, it explores women's attitudes to land and related resources, and examines conditions of housing, labour and subsistence for women. Its compass extends from the former Reserves end 'betterment' schemes, to islands of freehold and informal settlements. It includes the circumstances of women on white farmland, from the maize farms of the Highveld to the winelands of the Cape. What emerges is a sharp sense of transition and crisis - and a pressing need for women's organization, to ensure that development and legislation are informed by the priorities of women, and that South Africa's land question is treated not least as a problem of gender transformation.

Published by David Philip Publishers

Distributed by Oxfam UK/lreland

April 1997, 0 85598 375 2, 160pp, £9.95, %15..95


A Woman's World

Beyond the Headlines

Edited by Mary Van Lieshout

After all the meetings, discussions, and policymaking of the UN Decade for Women that led up to the Women's Conference in Beijing in ?995, how are women in the developing world surviving and working for a better life for themselves, their families and their communities?

In A Woman's World, women journalists development practitioners. and academics talk to other women throughout the developing world and report back on the challenges they face in their daily lives

Includes Maggie O'Kane from the Guardian on 'Rebuilding Mozambique', Lorna Siggins from The Irish Times on 'Beijing and Beyond', and Helen O'Connell, President of Women and Development Europe, on 'Globalization and its Impact on Women'.

• Foreword by Mary Robinson, President of the Republic of Ireland

Oxfam in Ireland/Attic Press

1996, 0 85598 349 3, paperback 144ppp illustrated l £6.99 l $12.95


Power and Process

Geraldine Reardon

This book reflects on the Women's Linking Project which Oxfam organised in 1994. It looks not only at key issues for gender and development, but also at the internal implications of taking on a gender perspective for the structures, staff, and working practice of an organization.

1995, 085598 297 7, paperback 280pp, £9.95, $15.95


Half the World, Half a Chance

An Introduction to Gender and Development

Julia Cleves Mosse

What is gender, and why is it a development issue? How can development projects and programmes take gender issues into account? This book examines these vital questions and demonstrates why and how women are disadvantaged, not only by social structures, but also by many current development initiatives. With examples of how women are working together to overcome oppressive structures, and to achieve genuine development for themselves and their societies, Half the World, Half Chance provides an excellent introduction to the issues and a message of hope for the future. 1992, 0 85598186 5, paperback 240pp ilustrated, £9.95, $15.95


Gender Planning in Development Agencies

Meeting the Challenge

Edited by Mandy Macdonald

This is a collection of articles on gender planning which resulted from a conference sponsored by EUROSTEP, a pan-European consortium of development agencies and other European networks The book includes papers on theoretical and practical issues, as well as case studies from across Europe, with contributions from academics and practitioners including Naila Kabeer, Georgina Ashworth, Sarah White, Diana Vinding, Tina Wallace, and Judy El-Bushra. Mandy Macdonald provides an introduction and an overview, bringing together the themes of the conference, and identifying key issues associated with gender planning in the special context of development agencies.

1994, 0 85598 263 2, paperback 232pp with tables, £9.95, $15.95


Changing Perceptions

Writings on Gender and Development

Edited by Tina Wallace and Candida March

Written by women from around the world, this wide-ranging collection of articles provides a fascinating overview of gender issues and will be essential reading for anyone concerned with development who is interested in hearing the voices of women

1991, 0 85598 137 7, paperback 336pp, £11.50, $18.50


Making Her Rights a Reality (new)

Edited by Glilian Moon

Is there any benefit to taking a human rights approach to development for women living in poverty? In this book, international lawyers, development practitioners, and activists explore the concept of a human rights approach.

Published by community Aid Abroad

187587 024 5, 120pp paperback, £9.95, $15.95


Dedicated Lives

Helen O'Connell

Dedicated Lives describes the lives and work of a number of women from grassroots organizations in the South who participated in the South-South Women's Linking Project, one of Oxfam's fiftieth anniversary initiatives.

1993, 0855981970, paperback 32pp illustrated, £4.95, %7.95


Women's Rights and Development

Visions and Strategy for the Twenty-First Century

Edited by Mandy Macdonald

This paper records the proceedings of a seminar which brought together specialists and researchers in women's rights and development, and provided an opportunity for creative discussion of policy priorities for the next decade.

Published in conjunction with One World Action

An Oxfam Working Paper

1995, 0 85598 340 x, 50pp, £6.95, $12.95


Beyond Beijing Video

Based on the 1995 United Nations Fourth World Conference and NGO Forum on Women, this video captures the spirit of the events and show the strength of the movement to improve the status of women It comes with an action pack which includes a summary of the conference document suggestions on how to press for its implementation, and ways to become involved with the movement to improve women's lives.

VHS/PAL video (42 mins) plus pack £19.95

Produced by Frogleap Productions Not available in the USA