| Forestry training manual for the Africa region |
Total time Approximately 4 hours
- To give information about soil preparation, and seed bed sowing,
- To prepare soil in nursery and get seed beds ready for sowing.
Information about soils is given as a refresher for some and new information for others in this session. The trainees prepare the soil and get the seed beds ready for sowing.
1. Soil Preparation and Seedbed Sowing
2. Soil Preparation and Seedbed Sowing
Flip charts, marker pens, tape, string, shovels, rakes.
Exercise 1 Soil Preparation and Seed Bed Sowing
Total time 1 hour 30 minutes
The technical trainer gives a lecture on soil preparation and seedbed sowing. For many participants this will be a refresher session and the technical trainer should ask people to make comments about their experiences.
1. The technical trainer gives a lecture using the following outline. It is recommended that the outline be placed on newsprint and displayed as the technical trainer teaches various stages during the lecture. A newsprint outline helps to hold attention.
1 hour 30 minutes
1. If a danger of disease exists, the soil might be sterilized by:
a. Boiling water,
b. Acid treatment,
c. Heating soil on steel plate.
2. Might be better to move site.
3. Chemical sterilization.
4. Fertilization medium to be mixed with soil according to need.
5. organic material might have to be added to help retain soil moisture and/or improve texture. The following are possibilities:
c. Chopped pine needles (dry),
d. Sawdust (aged).
1) Toxic effect?
2) Nutrient loss?
(Organic material could contain weed seeds and/or fungi or insects).
7. pH 6.5 (slightly acid).
1. Across the bed - facilitates weeding.
2. Make your own seed "trench":
b. Depth of trench (see drawing on following page).
3. Sow sand in seed trench (optional).
4. Sprinkle seed in trench.
5. Number of seeds/meter:
a. Size of seedling,
b. Plant species,
c. Germination prospects,
d. 1 viable seed/cm.
6. Cover with sand or dirt.
7. Water heavily after sowing.
8. You may put straw over beds - for protection against birds and moisture retention.
Exercise 2 Soil Preparation & Seedbed Sowing
Total time 2 hours 30 minutes
This exercise is the last formal time allotted for work on the trainees' nursery. However, the weather and their own group process may not allow for the final seedbed sowing. It is possible to finish on the next day.
1. The trainer starts with observations made by staff members as to how the nursery groups have worked together. He/she sake the trainees to verify these observations. The observations are listed on newsprint.
2. The trainer asks the nursery groups to give each other feedback about :
- How they worked together,
- How they feel about the amount of work,
- How they feel about the leadership in the group,
- How they feel they have worked with other nursery groups,
- How they now feel about themselves as a group.
3. The trainer asks the group to call out adjectives that describe themselves and records them on newsprint. He/she talks about the importance of feedback in the group process.
4. The groups are given instructions to finish their nursery. The trainer asks who is keeping records. Make no comment on answer. The trainers once again leave the nursery area.
1 hour 45 minutes