| Forestry training manual for the Africa region |
Total time 2 hours 30 minutes
- To develop strategies for involving women in small-scale development programs.
The role of women in small-scale forestry development efforts should be reflected in the project design and supported by project documentation throughout the life of the project. In this session, the trainees develop possible strategies for accomplishing this objective.
1. Women in Development - Part II
AID Program Guidelines: WID. This session was developed by Bordman, Joyce, 1982.
Exercise 1 Women in Development - Part II
Total time 2 hours 30 minutes
The role of women in small-scale forestry development efforts should be reflected in the project design and supported by project documentation throughout the life of the project. The trainees develop possible strategies for accomplishing this objective.
1. Trainer gives the following lecture:
A. Information gathering
1. The division of labor by sex is task related to the scope of the project.
2. The role of women in decisions and their likeliness to affect the success of the project.
3. The extent to which existing extension services reach women.
4. The existence of grassroots level women's groups which might serve as vehicles for project activities.
5. The social services available in the project area, including water supply, health facilities, schools, housing - how do these particularly affect women? (day care centers?)
6. The anticipated impact of the project on women's tasks (i.e., housing, farming, forestry, income generation) and possible conflicting demands on women's time, especially during peak seasons.
7. The percentage of income (household) contributed by women and its source.
8. The education level and functional literacy of women, men and children.
9. Opportunities which exist for women in community level adult education programs.
B. Project Documentation
1. Should describe the situation before project implementation and the changes during implementation, and give indications of the future situation.
C. Project Design
a. Does the project contain a training component; if so, are women benefiting from the program, particularly where the training relates to tasks traditionally performed by women?
b. Do training programs for women reflect the actual roles of women in forestry related projects?
c. Do training programs for women take into account the potential roles of women in management, etc?
2. Monitoring & Evaluation
a. Monitoring project operations
- Have village women been consulted in the project identification, formation, decision making, implementation, monitoring and evaluation?
- Is the implementation of the women's component on schedule relative to the rest of the project?
- What percentage of project funds are earmarked for women?
b. Monitoring Project Performance
- What is the percentage of women among participants in project activities by type?
- What is the rating of female participants to total potential female participants? (females of eligible age within the project area?)
- What is the socio-economic group of female participants?
- What is the percentage of women among persons trained?
- What is the percentage of women among persons for whom jobs are created?
- What is the percentage of women among persons receiving credit?
- What is the percentage of women among members and leaders of groups organized?
3. Monitoring Project Impact
- Does the percentage increase in income from women's productive activities?
- Does the percentage increase in individial income of female participants?
- What is the net change in female employment (type, increase/decrease)?
- What are the changes in the division of labor by sex (including workload)?
- What are the changes in the distribution of production resources (credit, inputs, technology)?
- What are the changes in the distribution of knowledge and skills?
- What are the changes in women's community participation?
- What are the apparent stresses within intra-familial roles?
2. The trainer divides the group into trios by country to develop a list of strategies for their own programs for integrating women into the design and implementation. The group reports with strategies listed on newsprint.
1 hour 45 minutes
3. The trainer draws closure to the session and links it to the sessions on extension and social cybernetics.
Trainer’s Note: Since the reference for this session is the AID guidelines for involving women in AID projects, it is important that the trainer draw from past Peace Corps experience and/or experience from small-scale development projects sufficiently during the lecture so that the trainees have enough of a framework for Activity 2.