Cover Image
close this book Forestry training manual for the Africa region
View the document Acknowledgements
View the document Trainee guidelines
Open this folder and view contents Training program overview
Open this folder and view contents Conducting the training program
Open this folder and view contents Presenting the sessions
View the document Words about transition
View the document Session 1 : Welcome, expectations, and evaluation criteria
View the document Session 2 : Special projects
View the document Session 3 : The forests of the world, peace corps' forestry goals, the individual volunteer's role
View the document Session 4 : Record keeping - group process
View the document Session 5 : Video tapes
View the document Session 6 : Agro-forestry data collection
View the document Session 7 : Feedback
View the document Session 8 : Flowers, seeds, the beginning
View the document Session 9 : Nutrition
View the document Session 10 : Non-verbal communication
View the document Session 11 : Germination
View the document Session 12 : Coping skills
View the document Session 13 : Basic site selection, planning & layout of a nursery
View the document Session 14 : Review of trainees' nursery plan
View the document Session 15 communication through illustration
View the document Session 16 : Soil preparation, seedbed sowing
View the document Session 17 : Individual interviews
View the document Session 18 : Reproduction by clippings and nursery review
View the document Session 19 : Introduction to extension
View the document Session 20 : Protection and record keeping (Insect collection)
View the document Session 20A : Chicken preparation
View the document Session 21 : The volunteers' role as an extensionist
View the document Session 22 : Tropical horticulture: care, tending and disease control
View the document Session 23 : Women in development - part I
View the document Session 24 : Team building
View the document Session 25 : Building and using a rustic transit
View the document Session 26 : Women in development - part II
View the document Session 27 : Working with groups as an extension worker
View the document Session 28 : Trees: identification & planting
View the document Session 29 : Lesson plan and use of visual aids in teaching
View the document Session 30 : The ugly American
View the document Session 31 : Catchments - sowing of seedlings into catchments
View the document Session 32 : Weekly interview
View the document Session 33 : Agro-forestry
View the document Session 34 : Community analysis introduction
View the document Session 35 : Soils
View the document Session 36 : Community analysis
View the document Session 37 : Irrigation
View the document Session 38 : Review of expectations - mid-way
View the document Session 39 : Problem analysis
View the document Session 40 : Soil erosion
View the document Session 41 : Species report - research demonstration
View the document Session 42 : Cultural values
View the document Session 43 : Wellbeing
View the document Session 44 : Field trip overview
View the document Session 45 : Agro-forestry reports
View the document Session 46 : Weekly interview
View the document Session 47 : Leave on week-long field trip
View the document Session 48 : Pesticides
View the document Session 49 : Review of field trips
View the document Session 50 : Resources
View the document Session 51 : Area measurement, pacing, compass use
View the document Session 52 : Compost heap - greenhouse construction - germination percentage
View the document Session 53 : Culture shock
View the document Session 54 : Range management
View the document Session 55 : Grafting and fruit trees
View the document Session 56 : Professional approaches to interaction with host country officials
View the document Session 57 : Project planning: goal setting
View the document Session 58 : Final interviews
View the document Session 59 : Ecology teams presentations
View the document Session 60 : Graduation

Session 3 : The forests of the world, peace corps' forestry goals, the individual volunteer's role

Total time 2 hours 30 minutes


- To have the participants brainstorm key problems and possible solutions concerning forestry, reforestation and afforestation,

- To provide a global view of forestry today and in the future,

- To provide information on Peace Corps' forestry goals,

- To have the participants commence journal keeping.


This session focuses on the global view of the world' a disappearing forests. The discussion moves to Peace Corps' goals in forestry and finally brings into perspective what an individual Volunteer can do. The trainees search for possible problems and solutions based upon their own knowledge.


1. Problems and Solutions in Forestry

2. Forestry' Global Perspective, Peace Corps' Goals, Volunteer's Role

3. Journal Keeping


Flip charts, marker pens, tape notebooks with tabs.

Exercise 1 Problem and Solutions in forestry

Total Time 30 minutes


The participants will brainstorm and record forestry problems and possible solutions.



1. The trainer asks the participants to form small groups of both foresters and generalists. The groups are asked to brainstorm and fiat on newsprint all the forestry problems about which they are familiar and any possible solutions.


15 minutes


2. The lists are presented to the large group.


10 minutes


3. The trainer summarizes the activity and illustrates similarities and



5 minutes

Trainer's Note: These fiats should also be saved because they will be used again a part of a later exercise. It is advisable to keep them posted if possible.

Exercise 2 Forestry Global Perspective, Peace Corps' Goals, Volunteer's Role

Total time 1 hour 30 minutes


This exercise provides information on the world problems in forestry. Peace Corps' goals are explained and the trainees are encouraged to realize that as individual Volunteers they can play a part in changing the grim prediction for the world's forests.



1. The trainer or visiting authority on forestry lectures on the global picture. The lecture follows.


20 minutes


2. The trainer or Program Manager from Peace Corps lectures about Peace Corps' goals for forestry. The outline follows.


20 minutes


3. The trainer lectures about what the individual can do.


20 minutes


4. The trainer and/or speakers ask for questions from the participants. He/ she summarizes and illustrates that Volunteers are a part of a large picture and have a valuable job to do. We are going to spend the next five weeks getting ready to do that job.


15 minutes


5. At this time, the director of the conference/training center may want to say a few words of welcome and give a tour of the training facilities.


15 minutes

Trainer’s Note: Sample lectures are provided as guidelines. You will want to put these views in your own words. Depending upon the resource people available at the time of the training, however, you may not need to worry about lecture preparation.


I. Causes of Deforestation

A. Clearcutting for agriculture

1. Shifting agriculture

2. Colonization

3. Unemployment

4. Land tenure

5. Cattle raising

B. Firewood gathering

1. 4/5 of volume removed from tropical forests is for firewood

2. Charcoal production

C. Logging

1. Clearcutting

2. Damage to standing timber left 55% of stand

3. Little reforestation

II. Success of reforestation will include

A. Technical proficiency

B. Personal fulfillment

C. Agency accomplishment

D. Community involvement

III. Selection of areas of action out of awareness of total picture

A. Result of deforestation

1. Erosion

2. Loss of raw material

3. Siltation

4. Soil infertility

5. Economic los

6. Extinction of flora and fauna

7. Lack and/or reduction of water

8. Lack of toilet paper


I. Ideal: Educate people in:

A. Conservation

B. Rational utilization of resources

II. Practical: Plant as many trees as possible.

III. What to do:

A. Agency Problems

1. Political

2. Emphasis of technical

3. Lack of interest

4. Efforts to not address problems

5. Lack of resources

6. Laws

7. No cooperation with other agencies: no cooperation among field of specialization

B. Farmer/Community Problems

1. Have other problems to solve

2. Getting people together is difficult

3. Level of education is usually low

4. Cultural habits

IV. The Answer?

A. Forestry Measures

1. Agro-forestry systems

2. Village woodlots

3. Intensive plantations

4. Better management - reserves

5. Regulation of logging practices

6. Application of known technology

7. Research

B. E bring Actions

1. National development patterns

2. Alternatives - food supply

3. Increase crop yields

4. Land tenure

5. Effective attention to energy

6. Conservation of forest products

7. Better stoves - recycling

8. Reduce waste

9. Population

Exercise 3 Journal Keeping

Total time 45 minutes


As scientists, it is important for participants to collect data daily and keep a journal as part of their profession. It is a key to recording information and provides a tool for trainees to use once they have loft the security of the training program. The journal can be used for project management and continued learning, as well as goal setting, planning and personal reflection.



1. Introduce the purpose of the session.


2 minutes


2. Explain to the group (with the use of a flip chart) the following format for journal use (provide notebooks with tabs). Divide the journal into the following sections:

A. Weekly goals (for learning during training, then for tasks during volunteer service),

B. Daily activity log,

C. Community analysis questions and data,

D. Community problem analysis,

E. Personal reflections, personal learnings,

F. Scientific, climatic data,

G. Language words I hear and want to look up.


10 minutes


3. Ark the group to begin making their first journal entries by writing their personal learning goals for the week. Under each goal, try to write as many objectives as possible. Relate this back to "responsibility for one's own learning."


30 minutes


4. Explain that there will be quiet time every evening for a half hour of journal writing.


3 minutes