Cover Image
close this book Forestry training manual for the Africa region
View the document Acknowledgements
View the document Trainee guidelines
Open this folder and view contents Training program overview
Open this folder and view contents Conducting the training program
Open this folder and view contents Presenting the sessions
View the document Words about transition
View the document Session 1 : Welcome, expectations, and evaluation criteria
View the document Session 2 : Special projects
View the document Session 3 : The forests of the world, peace corps' forestry goals, the individual volunteer's role
View the document Session 4 : Record keeping - group process
View the document Session 5 : Video tapes
View the document Session 6 : Agro-forestry data collection
View the document Session 7 : Feedback
View the document Session 8 : Flowers, seeds, the beginning
View the document Session 9 : Nutrition
View the document Session 10 : Non-verbal communication
View the document Session 11 : Germination
View the document Session 12 : Coping skills
View the document Session 13 : Basic site selection, planning & layout of a nursery
View the document Session 14 : Review of trainees' nursery plan
View the document Session 15 communication through illustration
View the document Session 16 : Soil preparation, seedbed sowing
View the document Session 17 : Individual interviews
View the document Session 18 : Reproduction by clippings and nursery review
View the document Session 19 : Introduction to extension
View the document Session 20 : Protection and record keeping (Insect collection)
View the document Session 20A : Chicken preparation
View the document Session 21 : The volunteers' role as an extensionist
View the document Session 22 : Tropical horticulture: care, tending and disease control
View the document Session 23 : Women in development - part I
View the document Session 24 : Team building
View the document Session 25 : Building and using a rustic transit
View the document Session 26 : Women in development - part II
View the document Session 27 : Working with groups as an extension worker
View the document Session 28 : Trees: identification & planting
View the document Session 29 : Lesson plan and use of visual aids in teaching
View the document Session 30 : The ugly American
View the document Session 31 : Catchments - sowing of seedlings into catchments
View the document Session 32 : Weekly interview
View the document Session 33 : Agro-forestry
View the document Session 34 : Community analysis introduction
View the document Session 35 : Soils
View the document Session 36 : Community analysis
View the document Session 37 : Irrigation
View the document Session 38 : Review of expectations - mid-way
View the document Session 39 : Problem analysis
View the document Session 40 : Soil erosion
View the document Session 41 : Species report - research demonstration
View the document Session 42 : Cultural values
View the document Session 43 : Wellbeing
View the document Session 44 : Field trip overview
View the document Session 45 : Agro-forestry reports
View the document Session 46 : Weekly interview
View the document Session 47 : Leave on week-long field trip
View the document Session 48 : Pesticides
View the document Session 49 : Review of field trips
View the document Session 50 : Resources
View the document Session 51 : Area measurement, pacing, compass use
View the document Session 52 : Compost heap - greenhouse construction - germination percentage
View the document Session 53 : Culture shock
View the document Session 54 : Range management
View the document Session 55 : Grafting and fruit trees
View the document Session 56 : Professional approaches to interaction with host country officials
View the document Session 57 : Project planning: goal setting
View the document Session 58 : Final interviews
View the document Session 59 : Ecology teams presentations
View the document Session 60 : Graduation
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Session 26 : Women in development - part II

Total time 2 hours 30 minutes

Goals

- To develop strategies for involving women in small-scale development programs.

Overview

The role of women in small-scale forestry development efforts should be reflected in the project design and supported by project documentation throughout the life of the project. In this session, the trainees develop possible strategies for accomplishing this objective.

Exercise

1. Women in Development - Part II

Materials

AID Program Guidelines: WID. This session was developed by Bordman, Joyce, 1982.

Exercise 1 Women in Development - Part II

Total time 2 hours 30 minutes

Overview

The role of women in small-scale forestry development efforts should be reflected in the project design and supported by project documentation throughout the life of the project. The trainees develop possible strategies for accomplishing this objective.

Procedures

Activities

1. Trainer gives the following lecture:

A. Information gathering

1. The division of labor by sex is task related to the scope of the project.

2. The role of women in decisions and their likeliness to affect the success of the project.

3. The extent to which existing extension services reach women.

4. The existence of grassroots level women's groups which might serve as vehicles for project activities.

5. The social services available in the project area, including water supply, health facilities, schools, housing - how do these particularly affect women? (day care centers?)

6. The anticipated impact of the project on women's tasks (i.e., housing, farming, forestry, income generation) and possible conflicting demands on women's time, especially during peak seasons.

7. The percentage of income (household) contributed by women and its source.

8. The education level and functional literacy of women, men and children.

9. Opportunities which exist for women in community level adult education programs.

B. Project Documentation

1. Should describe the situation before project implementation and the changes during implementation, and give indications of the future situation.

C. Project Design

1. Training

a. Does the project contain a training component; if so, are women benefiting from the program, particularly where the training relates to tasks traditionally performed by women?

b. Do training programs for women reflect the actual roles of women in forestry related projects?

c. Do training programs for women take into account the potential roles of women in management, etc?

2. Monitoring & Evaluation

a. Monitoring project operations

- Have village women been consulted in the project identification, formation, decision making, implementation, monitoring and evaluation?

- Is the implementation of the women's component on schedule relative to the rest of the project?

- What percentage of project funds are earmarked for women?

b. Monitoring Project Performance

- What is the percentage of women among participants in project activities by type?

- What is the rating of female participants to total potential female participants? (females of eligible age within the project area?)

- What is the socio-economic group of female participants?

- What is the percentage of women among persons trained?

- What is the percentage of women among persons for whom jobs are created?

- What is the percentage of women among persons receiving credit?

- What is the percentage of women among members and leaders of groups organized?

3. Monitoring Project Impact

a. Economic

- Does the percentage increase in income from women's productive activities?

- Does the percentage increase in individial income of female participants?

- What is the net change in female employment (type, increase/decrease)?

b. Social

- What are the changes in the division of labor by sex (including workload)?

- What are the changes in the distribution of production resources (credit, inputs, technology)?

- What are the changes in the distribution of knowledge and skills?

- What are the changes in women's community participation?

- What are the apparent stresses within intra-familial roles?

Time

30 minutes

Activities

2. The trainer divides the group into trios by country to develop a list of strategies for their own programs for integrating women into the design and implementation. The group reports with strategies listed on newsprint.

Time

1 hour 45 minutes

Activities

3. The trainer draws closure to the session and links it to the sessions on extension and social cybernetics.

Time

15 minutes

Trainer’s Note: Since the reference for this session is the AID guidelines for involving women in AID projects, it is important that the trainer draw from past Peace Corps experience and/or experience from small-scale development projects sufficiently during the lecture so that the trainees have enough of a framework for Activity 2.