| Agricultural development workers training manual: Volume IV Livestock |
A. General Livestock Development trainees well;
1. List the 5 components of livestock development.
2. List 5 examples (1 from each of the 5 component e) that make an operation to be:
a. Low Production
b. Moderate Production
c. High Production
3. Evaluate 3 livestock operations to determine the level of production and make management recommendations based on local conditions and resources.
4. Participate in all scheduled farm visits.
5. Describe the major climactic zone, rainfall and cropping patterns, infrastructure, planting and harvest dates of forages crops, and common management practices for animals in your host country.
6. Learn how to mix protein concentrates with energy feeds by using the Pearson square method and will hand mix at least one feed ration.
7. Maintain a field notebook.
8. Keep feed consumption records for each animal used in training.
9. Understand the causes, transmission, prevention, and treatment for animal diseases.
10. Learn the basic concepts of animal nutrition and develop a clear understanding of their own nutritional needs as well as those of the people they will be working with.
11. Learn how to use the Farmer Livestock Survey as a tool in determining the production levels of different animals in their respective villages.
B. Swine Production
1. Feed and care for an about to farrow sow and a litter of weaned feeder pigs during training on a daily rotating basis.
2. Balance one swine feed ration.
3. Participate in a slaughter, field dressing, and post mortem session.
4. Construct feeding troughs, waterers, and a farrowing crate.
5. Contrast traditional and improved methods of swine raising and discuss their pros and cons in terms of cost returns.
6. Give feasible production goals for the small scale farmer.
7. Describe the reproductive period of the sow as to: estrus, gestation, heat symptoms, lactation, signs of farrowing, and post weaning heat.
8. Assist a sow during farrowing.
9. Give guidelines for and perform the following techniques; clipping of needle teeth, tail docking, iron shots, and castration of new born piglets.
10. Distinguish between sick and healthy pigs.
11. Disinfect one hog shed and list one readily available disinfectant in your host country.
12. Discuss the nutritional requirements of pigs and balance 1 feed ration.
13. Treat for 2 common internal parasites and discuss their prevention, diagnosis, and treatment.
14. Treat for 2 common external parasites using a recommended insecticide for their control.
15. List 3 major swine diseases, discuss their symptoms, prevention, and treatment.
16. Design a management plan and operation schedule for a 2 sow operation. Include inputs, costs, and estimated returns.
17. Administer medications and deworming medicines as required.
18. Keep production records on the training swine project and use them to determine profit or loss and the level of production.
19. Describe swine anatomy in relation to animal production. Give guidelines on swine selection and discuss methods of herd improvement feasible for small scale farmers.
C. Rabbit Production
1. Feed, water, and care for at least 3 about-to-kindle does during training on a rotating daily basis.
2. Observe the mating of one pair of rabbits.
3. Feed, water, and care for a group of weaned fryers and 1 or 2 bucket
4. Give feasible production goals for small rabbit raising and the pros and cons of rabbit production.
5. Distinguish between sick and healthy rabbits.
6. Determine pregnancy in a doe by palpation; accurately determine the sex of rabbits over 8 weeks of age, and hold a rabbit correctly.
7. Participate in the construction of cages, feeders, and waterers.
8. Balance on feed ration for rabbits.
9. Describe the reproductive cycle of rabbits.
10. Diagnose ear mites and apply the necessary treatment. Treat also for mange and conjunctivitis.
11. Treat for coccidiosis, describe the symptoms, and give the methods of control. List 4 management guidelines for minimizing the disease.
12. Participate in the slaughter, field dress, and post mortem exercise.
13. Ear tatoo at least one rabbit.
14. Learn how to keep production and breeding records. Keep a field notebook.
15. Determine the feed to gain ratio for the rabbits in the training project and do a coat/analyzsis of the projects based on local market conditions.
16. Keep precise feed consumption records for the training rabbit project.
D. Poultry Production
1. Brood, feed, and care for a batch of SO day old chicks on a rotating basis throughout training.
2. Feed, water, and care for all other poultry used during training.
3. Contrast improved and traditional poultry raising practices and discuss their pros and cone.
4. Give broiler and layer production goals feasible for the small scale farmer.
5. Compare the major pros and cons of cage vet floor housing under local conditions.
6. Give temperature guidelines for brooding and 3 methods suitable for the small scale farmer.
7. Distinguish between sick and healthy birds.
8. Participate in the construction of waterers, feeders, brooders, and shelter.
9. Vaccinate the flock for Newcastle, Fowl Pox, and Bronchitis.
10. Define coccidiosis, describe the symptoms, and list 2 control measures.
11. Handle and cull laying hens to separate good layers from poor layers.
12. Calculate their own poultry feed ration.
13. Plan and evaluate small scale broiler/egg laying projects at the training site.
14. Participate in a slaughter/dressing/postmortem exercise.
15. Care for and use broody hens to hatch eggs naturally.
16. Treat for parasites.
17. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of raising both ducks and guinea fowl to chickens.
E. Goat Production
1. Feed, water, and care for the goats daily on a rotating basis.
2. Describe major parts of the anatomy of a goat and explain the function of each.
3. Describe the reproductive cycle of the goat including sexual maturity, estrus, signs of estrus, breeding day, breeding season, lactation length, and gestation.
4. List 3 signs of the approach of kidding and give 3 recommended practices to be done at and after kidding.
5. Balance 1 feed ration from locally available feeds for medium and high production level goat operations.
6. Identify 3 vitamin and nutrient deficiencies in goats and give recommendations as to how to correct and prevent them.
7. Examine a goat for possible symptoms of disease.
8. Castrate one male goat.
9. Give 1 intramuscular and one subcutaneous injection.
10. Trim the hooves of goats.
11. Make a simple rope halter and tether for leading and restraining.
12. Administer worming medications and coccidiosis control medications.
13. Recommend, prepare, and administer proper doses of antibiotics
14. Distinguish between a sick and a healthy goat.
15. Identify and treat 3 mayor diseases of goats. List the causal agent, symptoms, and control measures for each.
16. Milk a doe by hand and keep milk weight records throughout the training.
17. Evaluate a proposed project considering such factors as infrastructure, marketing, site, culture, price of available feeds, water supply, technical support, and short and long term impact.