| About the International institute of rural reconstruction |
IIRR's health initiatives date from the first efforts of the Institute's founder, Y.C. James Yen in the 1920s. Health is an integral part of the Institute's philosophy of four-basic programs to enable the poor release their potentials and improve their quality of life. The Institute organizes communities so they can meet their own health needs. It employs participatory approaches, taps indigenous knowledge, ensures gender fair programs and mobilizes human and materials resources to facilitate a community-managed health system.
Health in people's hands
The IIRR Health Program has adapted various approaches to facilitate health in the hands of the people:
- community organizing to elicit people and community participation into the health program particularly in the following areas: reproductive health, family planning, HlV/AIDS, nutrition, water and sanitation, environmental and occupational health and lifestyle coping behavior;
- working with traditional healers and birth attendants on indigenous health practices;
- promoting collaboration with other sectors (i.e., agriculture and education);
- working with government health services unit to foster complementation of services (and where the services are absent, the Institute plays a surrogate role); and
- active linkages and networking with other development actors (communities, government, non-government organizations and civic organizations) in developing appropriate health systems.
All these approaches arc geared towards community-managed health systems and sustainable development.
International Institute of Rural Reconstruction
World Center/Asia Y.C. James Yen Center Silang Cavite 4118, Philippines - Tel. 63-046-
414 2417 up to 19
- Fax 63-046-414 2420 ~ Email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Africa: P.O. Box 66873, Westlands, Nairobi Kenya . Tel 254-2-442610,446 522 ~ Fax 254-2-448148
Ernail iirr_kenya@elci .gn. apc. org.
Latin America Pasaje Muirriagui Dorioso 4451 y Av. America Apartado Postal 17-08-
8494, Quito, Ecuador
Tel./Fax 593-2-443 763 Email email@example.com ec.
Manila Room 38, Elena Apts,512 R. Salas qt., Ermita Manila Philippines - Tel. 63-2-
Fax 63-2-522 2494 Cable iirrinc rnanila.
New York 475 Riverside Drive Room 1035, Now York NY 10115, USA . Tel. 1-212-8702992 ~
870 2981 ~ Telex 238573 RRNYUR - Cable MIMINTCOM - Email firstname.lastname@example.org.
To develop, test and promote sustainable community-managed health approaches: appropriate to the needs and resources of the rural poor; that will improve the health status of the rural poor.
-Reproductive health care
-Water and sanitation
- Occupation and environmental health
-Lifestyle coping behavior
Training and consultancies
An International Course on Systems in Community Managed Health that analyzes community health approaches that have succeeded and failed is conducted annually. Other Institute courses like the international course on rural development management and on regenerative agriculture also feature health-related issues.
In partnership with organizations in other countries, IIRR offers short-term health courses on various aspects of health, like HIV/AIDS, family planning, environmental health and integrated health management. IIRR also facilitates national leadership trainings with health components in Nepal, Bangladesh, and India.
IIRR shares its experiences in the Philippines and overseas through its consultancy mission. This work focuses on building the capacity of government and non-government organizations in the following areas:
- Integrated health development in the Philippines;
- Community managed health program in Cambodia, India and Vietnam;
- Participatory evaluation of primary health care in Guatemala;
Family planning in Bangladesh, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Kenya and Thailand;
- Indigenous knowledge in community health;
- HIV/AIDS program evaluation in Thailand; and
- Use of PRA in community health program planning and implementation.
The Institute develops a range of communication materials on approaches to community health which includes simplification of health concepts for use of trainers and communities.
In 1995, IIRR produced a Manual on Occupational Health and Environmental Health in Chinese with the State Education Commission of Guangxi province. The Institute will also produce a resource kit on Indigenous Knowledge in Maternal Health Care and a compendium of Environmental Health issues in 1997.
A unique approach to family planning and HIV/AIDS that uses analogies drawn from farming and rural practices (Agricultural Approach to Family Planning) had been developed by IIRR. It is now used in the Philippines and adapted in nine countries in Asia and Africa. A manual on Participatory Approach in Rural AIDS Education had also been produced for use of village health workers and health committees.
Selected publications on health
Training resource book: Primary health care, family planning, women in development.
Participatory approach to rural AIDS education: A workshop manual, by Isaac Bekalo Agricultural approach to family planning, by Demetrio Maglalang.
On 12-16 May 1997, a Conference on Reproductive Health and Communication at the Grassroots will be conducted in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The conference will bring together 50 participants representing partners in Asia and Africa to share and enrich each other's experiences. A resource manual will be produced featuring the successful indigenous and other strategies based on the lessons learned.
There is a proposal to undertake an Asia-wide Workshop on Occupational Health and safety for Agricultural Workers, Plantation Workers, Fisherfolks and other Unorganized Sectors.
Likewise, a resource book of experiences, issues and actions undertaken will be published.
In collaboration with UNICEFEAPRO, IIRR will conduct a Workshop to Produce an Information Kit on Indigenous Practices in Maternal Health Care. The publication will be distributed throughout the UNICEF network in Southeast Asia.