| Monograph on the inter-regional exchange and transfer of effective practices on urban management |
For the first time in human history, mankind is formally recognizing the inter-relatedness of local and global events. The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992 underscored the importance of the relationship between local and global systems in achieving sustainable development. Agenda 21, which was adopted at UNCED, called for the protection of the interests of the world's poor in the face of rapid economic globalization.
Following UNCED, there has been a shift in the perception of human, social and urban development, whereby humanity no longer accepts development at the expense of the poor. The interests of the poor are now placed at the centre of the development agenda. In keeping with this vision, UNDP has adopted the concept of 'Sustainable Human Development' as the basic framework for all its development assistance. Sustainable human development is development that not only generates economic growth, but distributes its benefits equitably; that regenerates the environment rather than destroys it; and that empowers people rather than marginalizes them.
This new vision calls for the widening of choices not only for the current generation, but also for future generations. It implies a new concept of development - one that provides fairness and opportunity for all of the world's people and not just a privileged few' without destroying the world's finite natural resources and carrying capacity.