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close this book National design handbook prototype on passive solar heating and natural cooling of buildings
View the document Foreword
Open this folder and view contents Introduction
Open this folder and view contents I. Principles of passive solar architecture
Open this folder and view contents II. The Australian climates and people
Open this folder and view contents III. Fundamentals of heat flow
Open this folder and view contents IV. Thermal comfort
Open this folder and view contents V. Basic design principles and strategies
Open this folder and view contents VI. Bio-climatic analysis and comfort strategies
Open this folder and view contents VII. Detail design
Open this folder and view contents VIII. Final design evaluation
View the document Annex I: Relevant Australian standards
View the document Annex II: Glossary of terms
View the document Annex III: Metric units of measurements
View the document Annex IV: Typical internal heat loads for appliances
View the document Annex V: Minimum additional thermal resistance requirements
View the document Annex VI: Climate data for Sydney region - mean daily insolation for Sydney
View the document Annex VII: Selected thermal properties of various building material
View the document Annex VIII: Selected u-values and r-values
View the document Annex IX: Heating degree day data - new south Wales
View the document Annex X: Glass-mass performance graphs
View the document Annex XI: Appraisal graphs for the 5-star design rating system
View the document Annex XII: Sun position charts for Australian capital cities
View the document Annex XIII: Bibliography and suggested reading

Annex IV: Typical internal heat loads for appliances

Appliance

Average Input (W)

Average weekly hours of use

Estimated quarterly consumption(kWh)

Period of use for 1 kW

Heating

Convection heater

1000

112

546

1h

 

with thermostat

2000

112

1079

 

30min

Fan heater

2400

112

1300

 

25min

with thermostat

3500

112

1885

 

17min

Infrared heater

550

3.5

26

1h

49min

 

1100

35

507

 

55min

Panel radiators

1500

112

806

 

40min

oil filled

2000

112

1079

 

30min

Radiators, fires

2000

21

546

 

30min

 

2400

21

650

 

25min

Heat storage

Heat banks

3000

112

247

 

20min

 

6000

112

494

 

10min

Midi bank

2000

168

1040

 

30min

 

3500

168

1820

 

17min

Coolers- air-conditioning

 

2500W

1400

112

559

43min

 

6000W

2900

112

1170

20min

Water heaters:

Bath heater

1000

-

299

1h

 

Sink heater

750

-

195

1h

35min

Day rate continuous

2 people

3600

-

650

1 h

35min

Storage off-peak

         

2 people

2500

-

780

 

24min

4 people

3500

-

1170

 

17min

Lighting

100W incandescent

100

30

39

10h

lamps

60W incandescent

60

30

23

16

36min

40W fluorescent

50

30

20

20h

 

Kitchen appliances

Blender

450

1

6

2h

13min

Cooking

Deep fryer

1500

1

13

 

40min

Frypan

1350

3

26

 

45min

Horizontal grill

1500

1.5

30

 

40min

Microwave

1200

3.5

55

 

50min

Ranges:

Light use

7000

-

209

 

8min

Heavy use

10,000

-

416

 

6min

Dishwasher

2300

7

46

 

26min

Electric kettle

1500

4

78

 

40min

Freezers:

Chest type 200L

160

-

269

6h

15min

Vertical type 310L

200

-

338

5h

 

Percolator

650

3.5

30

1 h

32min

Refrigerators:

Small 70L/absorption

125

-

140

8h

 

1 door manual defrost

170

-

130

5h

33min

2 door automatic defrost 410L

230

-

247

4h

21min

2 door frost-free

280

-

468

3h

32min

General appliances

Clothes driers:

Rotary plug-in

2400

5

156

 

25min

Cabinet with fan

2400

3

91

 

25min

Clothes washer:

Automatic

900

6

70

1 h

7min

With heater

2400

14

260

 

25min

Electric blanket:

Double bed

120

35

49

8h

20min

Fan (over 250mm)

85

7

8

11

45min

Iron - steam

1000

3

12

1h

 

Radio

60

28

22

16

40min

Sewing machine

75

2

2

13

10min

Stereo system

78

21

21.3

12

50min

Toaster auto

1300

1

17

 

46min

TV-colour

200

30

78

5h

 

Vacuum cleaner

500

1.5

10

2h

 


Energy use within the home (Selected capital cities)