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close this book Nutrition learning packages
close this folder How to use the Nutrition Learning Packages: A guide for trainers
close this folder Providing a good learning experience for trainees
close this folder 2. Choosing appropriate training methods
View the document (a) Giving a talk or lecture
View the document (b) Giving a demonstration
View the document Outline for planning a demonstration
View the document (c) Role-playing
View the document (d) Games
View the document (e) Visual aids
View the document (f) Stories
View the document (g) Other aids to teaching

(e) Visual aids

Visual aids include pictures, drawings, slides and flannelgraphs.

The Nutrition Learning Packages contain some visual aids, for example, charts that can be used to help trainees learn. Some useful slides and flannelgraphs are listed under Resource materials for learning on pages 24-25. You may want to make some visual aids of your own for your training course, but as learning to make visual aids would take a whole training course in itself, all we can do here is give you some help in knowing when to use them. Some books listed in the Resource list for training on page 23 describe the use of visual aids.

When should you use visual aids?

• To get trainees interested in a subject.

• To start discussion.

• To save time (a picture can show quickly something that would take many words and much time to describe).

• To reinforce learning.

Why are visual aids useful in training?

• Visual aids can give a more accurate idea of something than words alone, as long as photographs, drawings or diagrams are carefully chosen or prepared.

• People remember pictures better than words they hear.

• If people hear words and see pictures at the same time they remember even better.

How can you use visual aids in training?

• Use visual aids as part of a talk or a demonstration.

• Use visual aids that represent real life as clearly as possible.

• Use real things whenever possible. They are better than drawings of things.

• Use visual aids that the students can work with, for example that they can put together, rather than just look at.

• Make your own visual aids using low-cost local materials. When you make visual aids:

- involve the trainees or people from the community in making them.

- use skills the trainees already have, for example do not try to teach everyone how to draw but make use of those who already have this skill.

- try to make the visual aids fun as well as good for learning.

- use your imagination and let trainees use theirs. • Keep the visual aids simple. Then trainees can make their own and teach people in the community to help make them.

• Some visual aids, for example films and slides, may be expensive, and may require special equipment, like projectors, in order to be displayed. Simple visual aids are often just as useful and effective. Begin with what you have. People often learn more from getting involved in making visual aids than they do from watching a film or a set of slides, especially if the film or slides show pictures of places and people that are not familiar.

• Use pictures to start discussions by asking trainees what they think is happening in the pictures. Or give them pictures and ask them to make up stories about them. Pictures are most useful once trainees are used to using pictures as a way of learning. Some people, especially those who have not had much formal schooling, do not realize that they can learn things from a picture. Before using drawings and pictures for visual aids, pretest them with a group of trainees to be sure that they understand what they are meant to learn from them.