| Self - Help construction of 1-story buildings |
|Basic planning and design|
|Size, shape, and floor plan|
When the number and size of rooms needed have been determined, the next step is to decide how they should be put together to form the house.
The easiest way to do this is to draw a picture of how the rooms would look from above if the roof were removed. Since it shows how the floor-space in the home will be divided among the rooms, such a picture is called the floor plan.
One thing to keep in mind when designing a floor plan is to keep the shape of the building as compact and simple as possible. Odd shapes and sharp angles are more difficult and more expensive to build than either rectangles and squares! Curves are also expensive except when bamboo, or similar materials are used.
As in planning room size, the family's interest and confidence in a building project will be greater if family members participate in the drawing of their own floor plan.
The field worker can help them draw the plan by giving them scale model pieces of paper or cardboard representing the rooms they have planned and helping them arrange the pieces in several different "floor plans".
Each possible floor plan should be discussed at length in order to determine how well it will fit the needs of the family.
When a final decision has been reached, the arrangement of the room-pieces can be copied on a single sheet of paper. This paper then becomes the floor plan.