| Biogas plants |
Floating-drum plant with filler funnel
Floating-drum plant without water jacket
Floating-drum plant with water jacket
Fixed-dome plant without upper opening
Fixed-dome plant with upper opening
Floating-drum plant (quarrystone masonry)
Floating-drum plant with extremely low VD/VG ratio
Channel-type digester with folia
The following pages contain constructional drawings for different types of biogas plants.
The form of the plant is determined when the size of the digester and that of the gasholder are known (see calculation on page 26 f.).
The nature of the feed material is another important fundamental planning parameter. The plant shown in Figure 43 is intended particularly for long-fibre feed material. It has a larger outlet diameter to cope with this. The light but hard fibrous constituents accumulate on the surface and form a floating scum. This has to be broken up and if necessary removed. Gas is lost through the inlet funnel. But the floating scum can be raked off without removing the gas bell. Inlet and outlet pipes with a diameter of 100 mm are sufficient for pure manure without litter or for toilet contents. Supernatant scum formation is virtually no problem here.
The plant shown in Figure 51 has an extremely low digester/gasholder volume ratio. The plant is of low construction. The distance from the inlet pipe to the outlet is short. A partition will prevent fresh feed material from discharging again immediately.
In the case of shell structures, the construction dimensions are somewhat difficult to calculate. Consequently, the results of calculation have been simplified, i.e. rendered in tabular form.
The vertical, cylindrical plant (Figure 50) is not optimal, because the digester temperature is lower at the bottom and the water pressure increases with depth. However, this plant may be economic if quarrystone masonry is used instead of brickwork and a shell structure is too complicated.
The cover plate of a floating drum is always thinner than the metal of the side walls, because the covers rust less than the sides. For the guide frame, the cheapest solution is the best.