| GATE - 2/95 - Reducing risks for small coffee farmers |
Controlling crop pests and diseases
Rosalyn Rappaport: Controlling Crop Pest and Diseases.
Macmillan, London 1993. 106pp. ISBN: 0-333-57216-5. (Tropical Agricultural Extension Handbooks).
This handbook was written for the men and the women of the Agricultural Extension Services and all the other teachers and trainers who act in a similar capacity. It gathers together the background knowledge necessary for a basic understanding of what pests and diseases are, the agents which cause them and the principles of combatting them. Then it demonstrates practical methods of pest and disease control in detail. Finally it gives examples and solutions of the problems in a village context. These can be used by extension staff in their own work. In choosing which materials to introduce to this guide stress is on availability. Products which are hard to find are not advocated - the exception being the knapsack sprayer, for which no useful alternative exists. References and suggestions for further reading are listed in the bibliography.
Beyond farmer first
Ian Scoones,John Thompson: Beyond farmer first. Rural people's knowledge, agricultural research and extension practice. Intermediate Technology Publications.
London 1994. 301 pp. ISBN: 1-85339-250-2. (IT Publications, 103-105 Southampton Row, London WCI B 4HH, UK).
The purpose of this book is to reveal how agricultural research and extension, far from being discrete, rational acts, are in fact part of a process of coming to terms with conflicting interests and viewpoints, a process in which choices are made, alliances formed, exclusions effected and world views imposed. The book contains an edited selection of the case studies and discussion papers prepared for the 1992 workshop. It is divided into three main points. It starts with theoretical reflections on knowledge, power und practice (Part 1). This is followed by a detailed discussion of methodological innovations, applications and challenges (Part 2) and concludes with an examination of process for transforming institutes and changing policies (Part 3).
Shaping industrial society
Enquete Commission of the German Bundestag on the "Protection of Humanity and the Environment" (ed.): Shaping Industrial Society. Prospects for Sustainable Management of Substance Chains and Material Flows.
Economica Verlag, Bonn 1995. 84 pp. ISBN: 3-87081374-1 (Economica Verlag GmbH, Bonn, Germany).
This is the abridged version of the final report on "Protection of Humanity and the Environment" submitted by the German Bundestag's Enquete Commission. It summarizes the Commission's key findings with regard to a blueprint for a new materials control policy. The term "materials control policy" encompasses all policies, which have the aim of influencing not only the types of raw materials recovered, including their scope and use, but also the treatment and storage of waste, in order to safeguard a long-term supply of resources for our economy, in view of the finite nature of resources and the limited load-bearing capacity of the environmental media. The fol lowing aspects are treated in this book: Models for a materials control policy, examples of materials flows, substance chain management and instruments of a materials control policy (see the interview with Ernst Schwanhold, chairman of the Enquete Commission, in gate 3/94, pp 4- 10).
Theatre for development
Eckhard Breitinger (ed.): Theatre for Development/ Theatre au Service du DÃ©veloppement. No. 247 of
"Schriftenreihe der GTZ".
RoÃŸdorf 1994, 80 pp., ISBN 3-98010674-8 (TZ-Verlagsgesellschaft, P.O. Box 1164, D-64373 RoÃŸdorf, Germany)
Especially in Third World countries, "theatre" is to be considered a specific instrument of development projects to reach the target groups, i.e. the people who are directly affected by the activities, results and outcome of a project. They should be empowered to participate m planing, designing and implementing development processes. This impressively illustrated book, published in English and French by experts from Uganda and Germany, demonstrates how this approach is realised in Uganda. This is the case m two projects concerning Basic Health Services and AIDS Control (see report "Theatre for development brings empowerment", in gate 1/95, p. 33).
Note: Please order books, annotated in gate's "bookbox" directly from the publisher