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close this book Small scale charcoal making: A manual for trainers
close this folder Day 6
Open this folder and view contents Session 19: Evaluating charcoal yields
View the document Session 20: Program evaluation

Session 20: Program evaluation

 

Total Time:

2 hours

Objectives:

* To evaluate the effectiveness of the training program

 

* To identify ways in which future charcoal training programs can be improved

Materials:

Newsprint and felt-tip pens

 

Procedures:

Step 1. (10 minutes)

Review and explain the session objectives.

Trainer Notes

* Remind the participants of the design principles which were discussed during the session on re-design of kilns (Session 13, Day 3). Point out that the principles of testing, evaluation and re-design also apply to the development of effective training programs.

* Explain that evaluation through feedback from participants can serve as the basis for improving future charcoal training programs.

 

Step 2. (25 minutes)

Have the participants divide into groups of 3 or 4 and record on newsprint their observations regarding the effectiveness of the training program.

Trainer Notes

* Ask that each group list three aspects of the program which were particularly effective and three aspects which were particularly ineffective.

* For each ineffective aspect of the program, ask that participants suggest ways in which it could be improved.

* Encourage participants to be as specific as possible and to consider all aspects of the program (i.e., sequence of sessions, content of sessions, trainer techniques, etc.).

* If possible, the trainers should join the small groups and participate in the activity.

* While the small groups are working, arrange chairs in a semicircle at the front of the room so that three people can face and speak to one another while reading the posted observations and suggestions. Arrange a second row of chairs around the first three. The configuration should look like this:


Row of chairs

* Approximately five minutes before the end of the time allotted for this step, circulate among the groups, remind them of the time remaining and ask that they post their observations and suggestions when they are finished.

 

Step 3. (10 minutes)

Have the group reconvene and occupy the chairs the outer semi-circle. Explain the "Fishbowl" activity.

Trainer Notes

* Ask if anyone has had experience with this activity. If so, ask them to help you with the explanation. Your explanation should include the following points:

- Only three people at a time will be in the inner semi circle

- The role of each of the three people will be to discuss and respond to the posted observations and examine the feasibility of the suggestions.

- The role of those in the outer semi-circle will be to observe and listen without speaking.

- When someone from the outer circle wants to enter the discussion, a person from the discussion group should leave and join the observers.

* The reason for using the fishbowl structure is to provide a comfortable format for discussion and to encourage constructive feedback and suggestions. Therefore, it is important that people feel free to express their thoughts without fear of reprisal. People should be encouraged to enter the discussion and to exchange places with one another when they have something to say. It is a good idea to have at least one member of the training staff in the discussion group at all times.

 

Step 4. (10 minutes)

Just before the discussion, ask one of the participants to scan the lists and point out any commonalities and parallels among the observations.

Trainer Notes

* This quick identification will help provide order and avoid repetition once the discussion begins.

 

Step 5. (50 minutes)

Ask that three volunteers move to the inner semicircle and initiate the activity by responding to one of the observations.

Step 6. (10 minutes)

Summarize the observations and suggestions for improvement that resulted from the fishbowl discussion.

Trainer Notes

* Stress those observations which seem most generally agreed upon by the group and most feasible in terms of future implementation.

Step 7. (5 minutes)

Thank the group for their participation in this activity and in the training program.

Trainer Notes

* It is suggested that a barbeque be held immediately following this final session. Participants and staff could then have the opportunity to prepare a meal using charcoal produced during the program.