| The Courier N°129 Sept-Oct 1991 - Dossier: Immigration - Country reports : Fiji, Tonga |
AFRICA-CARIBBEAN-PACIFIC - EUROPEAN COMMUNITY
MEETING POINT: Glyn Ford
Glyn Ford is the leader of the 45-strong European Parliamentary Labour Party and also Deputy Leader of the Socialist Group in the European Parliament Coming from a part of the United Kingdom (Greater Manchester) with a large minority population, he has seen at first hand how racial prejudice can poison the atmosphere and provoke tension and fears: it has made him a strong opponent of racism and xenophobia for many years. It was no surprise when he was appointed Rupporteur for the EP's Committee of Inquiry into Racism and Xenophobia.
FIJI: The peaceful coexistence of two major cultures Fijian and Indian was seen by many as the decisive factor in making Fiji a relatively well-off developing country since it gained independence in 1970. Yet in 1987 two successive coups put an end to its reputation as a model multiracial society While many changes have affected political fire including a new Constitution promulgated in July 1990. the economy too has been reoriented.
TONGA: Internal pressure for change seems to be building up in a so far, unusually conservative and stable Tonga While many a Pacific neighbour has been faced with sociopolitical upheavals in the past few years. the last of the Polynesian kingdoms seemed protected from the winds of change that blew elsewhere Yet now the powers of its monarchy judged by many to be the most extensive in the world are being questioned by many commoners in search of greater democracy and more accountability in government.
Immigration - an awkward subject from a development perspective for Member States ? The debate on the issue has come to the fore as the Community prepares to abolish its internal frontiers in 1993 and at a time of less favourable economic outlook. The Courier publishes a series of articles and points of view as a contribution to this debate.
More than a billion human beings do not have a dollar a day for their livelihood. Why ? This is the question the World Bank asks in its latest report on development in the world. The answer should be sought in the interaction between the State and the market to promote development.
How are the people faring? The UNDP world report on human development brings a message of hope it is political bankruptcy and not lack of financial resources that is responsible for the devaluation of human life Pages 84 to 87.