| QAI - 3/87 - Promotion of woman |
SIBOL NG AGHAM AT AKMANG TECKLOHIYA
SIBAT P. O.
SIBAT was founded in 1984 as a network of Philippine organizations in the field of appropriate technology, in order to coordinate and support the diverse activities of individual groups, some of whom were facing great difficulties in view of the country's problematic political and economic situation.
Meanwhile, more than 40 AT organizations have joined the network, including self-help organizations, research institutes and cooperatives operating on a nationwide basis. Further network membership applications are being dealt with at the moment.
SIBAT is financed by foreign aid (GATE, HELVETAS), membership contributions and the sale of its publications.
Aims and main areas of activity
Taken together, the above-mentioned goals of more efficient planning and the execution and coordination of the activities of individual members serve to improve the lives and incomes of the poor rural population on the Philippines, who have to contend with the most adverse social and economic conditions, not least as a result of the Marcos dictatorship which existed until 1986.
Their situation is marked by hunger, malnutrition and an appalling lack of housing, clothing and education.
It is SlBAT's aim to set in motion or to reinforce a process of socioeconomic development by supporting those AT groups that are active in rural areas or by disseminating know-how and appropriate technologies. In the long term, this should serve to strengthen the people's confidence in their own powers and thus increase their ability to get things done in their interest.
The main emphasis of SlBAT's work is on organic agriculture and the dissemination of appropriate technologies; for this reason the organization runs a documentation centre (Science and Technology Resource Collection Centre, STRCC, in Manila) with an affiliated question and answer service.
Publicity work is the task of the Publicity Desk, which publishes the quarterly SIBAT Newsletter, especial advertising brochure, SIBOL (SlBAT's own magazine) and AT publications. This department has its own printing presses, and these can also be used by network members who up to now have had no opportunity to print their own material.
A further SIBAT department, the Project Development and Evaluation Desk, examines, evaluates and supports project proposals submitted by individual members. Apart from this, and besides the implementation of research projects, proposals and programmes are devised for those underdeveloped areas which are not yet sufficiently covered by the network.
Prospects for SIBAT
Today, after more than two years of existence, SIBAT can be described as an organization which is well known all over the Philippines and is highly respected for its target group-oriented work.
Although the main emphasis of its work will continue to lie in the areas of organic farming and appropriate technology, socio-economic features are to receive more attention when implementing projects in the future.
This emphasis is in accord with the strategy of the groups organized in SIBAT, who hold that a truly appropriate technology cannot serve the interests of an individual or a particular sector. Rather, the development and use of appropriate technology as a whole must be both carried out and checked by a majority of the population. It has to be appropriate to the needs, tradition, environment and economic situation of the population. To develop appropriate technology, therefore, the creative energies of the population have to be tapped; an AT project should always take organization and mobilization of the population as its starting point.