| Sustainable energy News - No. 8 March 1995 |
European Sustainable Energy Seminar, June 19-24, 1 995
In cooperation with Climate Network Europe and the Greenway Energy Group, INforSE - Europe invites you to the European Sustainable Energy Seminar, June 19-24, 1995 in Budmerice, Slovakia.
The seminar will be this year's event for NGOs working for sustainable energy and international cooperation in Europe.
The seminar will include:
· National actions in Europe to rcduce climate change
Energy & the Environmental Ministers' meeting in Sofia.
· East-West cooperation in Europe
European Union and sustainable energy,
Sustainable energy strategies: official and NGO proposals,
Estimating renewable energy potentials, based on data from participants,
Visit to renewable energy sites in Slovakia and Austria,
Coming activities of the NGO energy networks,
Fundraising for energy NGO activities.
The seminar will be a combination of presentations, workshops, and a one day excursion. During the seminar, a European estimate of renewable energy potentials, based on the participanits' national data, will be elaborated.
The price of the seminar is tentatively set at 4,000 Skc, approximately 150 US$, including food and accommodation. Support for participation and travel will be given for Central and Eastern European participants as far as funding is available.
Venue: Slovak writers' manor in Budmerice, 40 km cast of Bratislava, Slovakia.
Please register as soon as possible on the form below.
INforSE - Europe Meeting, June 24, 1995
This year's European INforSE meeting will be held in connection with the seminar in Budmerice, Slovakia. The meeting will discuss the coming activities of INforSE - Europe, including campaigns, an exhibition, new projects, and worldwide activities in cooperation with other INforSE regions. Core-members of INforSE - Europe can vote at the meeting, others are welcome as observers.
Further information, agenda and action plan. INforSE - Europe, Skovvangsvej 191, DK 8200 Arhus N
Nuclear Power or Alternatives in Slovakia
One of the hottest energy issues this year is whether the Slovakian nuclear power plant Mochovce, which is of Russian design, shall be finished with French/Gemman technology and with funding from the EBRD (European Bank for Reconstruction and Development) as well as from the KU. Slovakia has asked for loans for this and transferred the ownership of Mochovce to a joint venture of Electricite de France (EdF) and the Slovak Power Board (SEP), in which EdF has 51% of the shares.
EBRD made an environmental assessment and have allowed a period for public comment. Al! major environmental groups in Europe have opposed the funding, more than 1 million protest signatures have been collected, and the countries of Austria, Denmark, Norway, and Luxembourg have decided to vote against the loan in the EBRD Board. Further, Austria has offered 500 mill. Austrian Schillings for alternative energy solutions, if Mochovce is given up and plans to close the existing Slovakian nuclear power plant Bohunice are adopted in Slovakia.
Unfortunately, France and the EBRD director J. Larosiere are lobbying hard in favour of the project and many larger countries are likely to follow their lead.
Some major points of the NGO's critiques are:
· Mochovce is not the least-cost option for electricity production in Slovakia;
· The proposal for finishing Mochovce will not meet minimal safety standards for atomic power plants in the USA, France, Germany, or Finland;
· The plant will not be able to withstand an earthquake similar to the largest one recorded in the area;
· There is no secondary containment of the reactor;
· The design is a problematic mix of Eastern and Western technology
The EBRD Board will decide upon the loan to the Mochovce plant in April (probably).
More information on the campaign against Mochovce: Global 2000, Flurschutz str. 13, 1129 Vienna, Austria, ph.: +43-1-812 5730-0, fax: +43-1812 5728.
Renewable Energy Regulation in Spain and Belgium
New regulations have been passed in Spain and Belgium for independent electricity producers that will make electricity for the public grids based on renewable energy.
The Spanish regulation, which also covers cogeneration, guarantees a 20% profitability level for cogenerators, but, in spite of this, the Association of Electricity Auto-generators in Spain fears that the new decree will reduce investments. Since 1991, there have been installed more than 1,000 MW of independent electric production capacity in Spain.
In Belgium, the new law is expected to give a boost to independent power producers, especially small scale hydro power.
Sources: Energy...in Demand, Feb.95 and APERE.
Atomic Power Construction Stopped In Spain
The construction of five atomic power reactors, where construction had been started, has been permanently stopped by the Spanish government. For AEDENAT and other opponents, one of the major arguments was the superior job-creation potential of an energy policy without atomic power.
Source: Klimaforum'95 Bulletinl AEDENAT.
European Union Energy Market & Green Paper
The EU Commission published in January a green paper "For a European Energy Policy" to serve as a discussion paper on a new energy policy. The paper states that the energy policy now focuses on the completion of the internal market in energy and on the EU's foreign policy. The completion of the internal energy market concentrates on four energy goals: protection of public service, security of supply, environmental protection, and energy efficiency. This includes maintenance of a minimal level of coal production; acceptance of the nuclear options, including upgrading nuclear stations in Eastern Europe; research and development in renewable energy; adjustment of indirect taxation; and removal of operational constraints on oil-fired electricity production. The green paper will be discussed among the EU energy ministers, probably on June 1. So it is time for NGOs to raise their voices about the paper now.
The green paper will be followed by a white paper in the fall of this year and probably by a proposal to include energy in the new EU treaty that will be discussed at the EU treaty revision conference in 1996.
The proposed directive of a common electricity market is still debated among EU countries. France have proposed that each country can establish a system with a "single buyer" that is responsible for all electricity trade. Some countries are against this and untill a compromise is be found, no progres will be made.
Sources: Energy...in Demand Feb.95 and others