| Nutrition learning packages |
|Nutrition Learning Package 7: NUTRITION DURING DIARRHOEA AND OTHER INFECTIONS|
Most of the information given to trainees on diarrhoea will not be given by the same person who gives information on nutrition. Your role as nutrition trainer is to concentrate on the nutritional care of people with diarrhoea. Materials 7A, 7B and 7C review what trainees should have already learned about diarrhoea in their general health training.
Your attention is also drawn to the WHO publication, Treatment and prevention of acute diarrhoea: practical guidelines.
7A What is diarrhoea and what causes it?
This self-learning activity helps trainees to think about the causes of diarrhoea in a community. Give the questions to trainees. Use their answers to lead a discussion, followed by a summary of diarrhoea, its causes and prevention.
7B Why is diarrhoea dangerous?
This material outlines the dangers of diarrhoea. Trainees can role-play how to explain the dangers of diarrhoea to a mother. They can take turns to play the part of the mother and the part of the community health worker.
7C How can a community health worker prevent diarrhoea and other infections?
This material helps trainees think through their role in preventing and treating diarrhoea in a community. They can work individually and then as a group to identify the messages about diarrhoea to be given to people in the community. Trainees can then use these messages to design activities and materials to use with people in the community. For more information on developing messages, see Learning Package 8- Communicating nutrition messages.
7D Care and treatment of children who have diarrhoea
This material uses a question and answer sheet to review what to feed a child who has diarrhoea or who is recovering from diarrhoea. It encourages trainees to ask questions in the community. It is important to know what community people do about diarrhoea. The good things they do, for example giving tee or rice water, should be encouraged.
How to decide when a child with diarrhoea needs urgent care covers important points trainees should know about deciding to refer a child for special caret The chars on page 142 can be made into a large poster for the training room. There is also material on the treatment and prevention of dehydration.
The Ministry of Health in your country may already have materials on this subject. If so, get copies for your trainees.
7E Nutrition and infections
The first part of this material encourages trainees to get to know the community where they are being trained. After finding out the answers to the questions on page 145, the trainer and the trainees can discuss the information collected and think of ways to plan community activities to protect children and others from infections and diseases.
The second set of questions, on page 146, covers the information that community health workers will need to pass on to parents.
Reviewing the nutrition information in Nutrition Learning Package 4 will remind trainees of the importance of good nutrition in keeping children strong so that they do not get infections or diseases easily.