| Boiling Point No. 19 - August 1989 |
Although our Education Department work L; with schools in UK;, many of its ideas and productions could be adapted for use in 3rd world schools and colleges. Please do not hesitate to write for infomation to Catherine Budgett-Meakin.
The May edition of "Green Teacher" was prepared in cooperation with Catherine Budgett-Meakin and Val Rea of ITDG's Education Department. Green Teacher is a 30 page monthly journal for teachers, teacher educators, curriculum developers. It relates the latest green movement debates to ideas and practice in education for the environment. It provides, with each issue, materials directly usable with teaching groups and surveys of other resources. It is a networking centre for education in ecological concern, energy studies, alternative technology and peace and development education, strengthening the links. It also provides updates on what is happening elsewhere in the world.
The contents of this edition are as follows:
- Partnership in Bangladesh
- Putting the 'T;' into CDT
- GCSE Technology as if people mattered
- It's a long way to Lilongwe
- Is fhe Price Right?
- Centre for Rehabilitation, Bangladesh
- Designing a universal stencil
- Journey to the centre of the curriculum
- Testimonies from Central America
- Multi-national cooking equipment
- Is there a course for me to do?
- Trees and stoves
- Programmes for change
- Children' for peace
Here are some very brief extracts from this edition:
ITDG: As if People Mattered
One of the Education Department's main contributions to development education is to tell these success stories to young people in the UK. Success stories which present positive images of the people of Africa, Asia and Latin America. Success stories which show the value of true collaboration of the two-way learning process really can aid development.
"Find out what people are doing and help them to do it better" (E F Schumacher) is the guiding principle of IT engineers, economists, sociologists and craftsmen working in the Third World. It is also the guiding principle of the education department.
Small-Scale Sugar Processing, the basic principles:
1. A steam engine is fuelled by burning, bagasse - the waste material from sugar cane.
2. Engine drives the crusher.
3. Exhaust steam helps to boil the juice to make gur.
Children for Peace
"If we wish to create a lasting peace, if we want to fight a war against war, we have to begin with the children".
Can children actually influence adults in the direction of peace? Their desire to preserve the world and live in it often seems fresher and more compelling than in older people whose will to live has been systematically stupefied by the ceaseless propaganda for 'deterrence' and 'security' through patently suicidal arms policies.
Time to Listen
The human aspect in development - Laurence Taylor and Peter Jenkins
This collection of 55 short case studies presents situations that face communities in developing countries and invites the reader to consider possible solutions. No answers are provided - the authors argue that what is needed is time to listen to all the voices in the community rather than only the loudest, which will be the voices of relative power ... and listening, accompanied by careful consideration, is something that can be learnt.
Each case study is backed up by suggestions for writing, research and role- play which are suitable for school groups examining development issues in a social sciences context, the environment and development, business studies, politics, general studies or the wider implications of technology choice. £4.95.
"What Else Does ITDG Do ?"
Surendra Mathema, a Nepali engineer, has just completed a 3 month training programme at Nottingham's Trent Polytechnic organised by ITDG, on the design and manufacture of a new electronic device for controlling the speed of electric induction motors in micro-hydro systems. He runs a small engineering workshop in Kathmandu and will manufacture the IGC for local use for applications up to 40 Kw. It is cheaper, more efficient and more robust than existing control systems. Surendra Mathema's experience of Nepal has helped ITDG to finalise the IGC design to suit the local conditions.
The Agricultural Development Bank of Nepal has just approved a cooperative 3 year plan to further promote the use of these micro-hydro systems in remote areas. Cheap, low wattage electric cookers and storage heaters are being developed to make use of the power supply and help minimise deforestation on the critical hillsides.
Greg Wishart, ITDG's micro-hydro project manager m Nepal, regards this as an important development in ITDG's cooperation with the Bank in the dissemination of appropriate technologies.
££££££, $$$$$$, ££££££,
We receive many letters from new readers of Boiling Point who would like to be put on our circulation list but are unable to pay the subscriptions either because of lack of funds or because of difficulties of making payments in foreign currencies. We have always accepted this position although in the latter case we are now trying to arrange for ITDG's new Field Officers to accept payment in local money.
As a result, only a minority of the people or organizations on our circulation list actually pay for their copies. Continued publication is only possible because the O.D.A. who fund the journal recognize the problem and consider BP's value to 3rd world developments justifies their payments. Nevertheless, rising costs are preventing us from carrying out some of the improvements in the journal articles we think would make it more useful to readers. We are therefore asking readers, particularly new readers, to submit articles or names of their projects or letters for publication.
Urban Stoves Seminar - SRI LANKA, 4 - 16th September 1989
Ceylon Electricity Board & Intermediate Technology Development Group
At Last a New
Bois de Feu InformatÃons
Maitrise de l'Energie dans les Pays en DÃ©veloppement
We were very pleased to receive the number 23/24 edition of Informations after almost a year's absence in 1988. We are told that in future, Bois de Feu will concern itself with not only improved stoves but also with the wider issues of energy management in the 3rd world.
- collect and diffuse information by means of development education
- study the problems underlying the use of alternative energies
L 'Association Bois De Feu will cooperate more closely with other bodies working in this field including the French government ministries, the Institute de l'Energie for Francophone countries (including Quebec) and other NGOs. Bois de Feu will emphasise the importance of the socio-economic and social aspects of the work rather than the technical and statistical approach. ITDG and Boiling Point look forward to continued cooperation with the Association in these fields.
We would like to congratulate Ph Girard et J P Jambes on their success. We hope to be able to discuss some of the interesting articles in No 23/24 in a later issue of Boiling Point. It is interesting to notice that both organizations are becoming more involved in South American stove work.
Readers problems - Can you help?
ITDG's Fuel for Food Programme receives many letters asking for information or advice on stove and fuel problems. Sometimes we do not have a completely satisfactory answer to the problem and so we are asking any of our readers who may be familiar with the problem to pass on their advice through us.
The following is the first of these enquiries:
Cooking for 600
From: Martin Ochlmann, Holland
A community in India (half Tibetan children) seeks advice on stoves for a kitchen to cook for 600 people. They now use wood which is expensive and helping to cause deforestation and ask about solar cookers or other alternatives such as biogas.
From: E G Krishna Rao, Gujarat, India
Question of fuel is intimately connected with stoves and also production of alcohol as a smokeless fuel for small stoves and for lighting. If one could develop an incandescent mantle light source using alcohol, it would be very useful to the ruralites.
You are perhaps aware that although brewing is a very simple process with the vast amount of fermentable waste that is available particularly in the tropical areas, the distillation consumes great deal of energy and often makes the process rather inefficient in energy terms. One way of overcoming this is to use solar energy for distillation.
I wonder if you have considered using heat pipes for transferring heat from the fire to the point of use, which may be an insulated vessel functioning as a distilling apparatus and condensing vessel can be conveniently and effectively isolated from the heat source. A simple arrangment is a closed pipe containing little water. Air can be driven out by boiling the water until air is displaced from the pipe before it is sealed. This arrangement can transfer considerable quantities of heat from the fire to the heat receiver. One advantage is that heat can be applied via the heat pipe to any fluid and the question of scale formation is also simultaneously solved.
Please send your replies to the editor .