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close this book Teacher training: A training guide
close this folder Day four
close this folder Session 13 - Training techniques
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Training session

Activities/Procedures

a. Introduction 20 minutes

The participants review their notes and the training program design and objectives handouts, and then brainstorm all of the different training techniques they have experienced in the training to date. These are listed on a piece of newsprint. They then take a hand 'vote' to determine which one they liked best; each person is only allowed to vote twice.

Using a wall chart, the trainer then briefly reviews the definition and procedures of each of the 15 training techniques outlined in the Reference Manual, answering any questions the participants may have.

Trainer's notes: As there is not enough time to go into great detail for all of the different training techniques, the purpose of this introduction is to remind the participants of techniques they have already experienced and thus know, and to answer any questions about the others they do not know as well. For the brainstorm, the trainer may have to help them remember what happened in the individual sessions. Some techniques they may have forgotten are the card game and song used in the Classroom Techniques session, or the demonstration used in both that session and the one on Approaches to Teaching.

Materials: training program design and objectives, wall chart of techniques, newsprint, markers, tape

b. Small groups 45 minutes

What we are going to do now is look in greater detail at the most commonly used of these techniques. The trainer has the participants divide into three teams by having them count off (using a, b, c). Each team moves to a different room with a trainer. The team stays in this room for 40 minutes, then they switch to a different room, and this is repeated a third time. Each trainer remains in the same room all afternoon, repeating her/his exercise three different times, with a different team each time. The product of the afternoon for each participant is the design of 8 two hour training session, that will include one activity from each of the three small group sessions.

Room #1: critical incidents and case studies

1. The trainer reviews the definition and procedures for the techniques. The group reviews the different times the methods were used during the training - Child and Adolescent Learning and Classroom Management. (10 minutes)

2. The group then chooses a topic for a training session that will use a critical incident or case study. (5 minutes)

3. Working individually or in pairs, the participants write a critical incident or outline a case study and write up the procedures for doing it on a training session plan. (25 minutes)

Room #2: role play, fish bowl and demonstrations

1. The trainer reviews the definition and procedures for the techniques. The group reviews the different times the methods were used during the training - Classroom Teaching Techniques, Supervision, and Approaches to Teaching. (10 minutes)

2. The group then chooses a topic for a training session that will use a role play, fish bowl or demonstration. (5 minutes)

3. Working individually or in pairs, the participants design a role play, fish bowl or demonstration and write up the procedures for doing it on a training session plan. (10 minutes)

Room #3: ice breakers and closings

1. The trainer reviews the definition and procedures for the techniques. The group reviews the different times the methods were used during the training -Approaches to Teaching, Instructional Objectives and Micro-teaching. (10 minutes)

2. The group then chooses a topic for a training session that will use an ice breaker and/or a closing. (5 minutes)

3. Working individually or in pairs, the participants design both (if time permits) an ice breaker and a closing, and write up the procedures for doing them on a training session plan. (25 minutes)

Trainer's notes: Although the two techniques in each of the pairs are similar, it is important that the trainer identify the sometimes subtle differences between them. Also be sure that the participants understand that the work of each small group is only one part of the two hour training session they are designing. These training session designs can be done either in very small groups or individually.

The logistics of this 'musical chairs' small group work may be a little tricky. The key is for each of the trainers to carefully watch the time, so that at the end of 40 minutes when a new team is ready to move in, the present team is ready to move out. The review and the choosing of the topic should be done quickly, so that the participants have plenty of time to design their activities. Make sure that the participants write out their objectives for the two-hour training session in the first room, before they begin actual work on their design. Monitor the completion of the session plans to be sure they are being properly completed. Also, since there will not be much feedback on the individual activities, try to give this, if possible, while they are being written.

Materials: blank session plan forms, newsprint, markers, tape

The teams return after the break to a different room.

c. Small groups 40 minutes

The same procedures as above are followed, but each team is now in a different room working on a new training technique. Step 2 is eliminated for the participants are continuing with the topic chosen during the preceding activity. They remain in the same triad and add the newly designed activity to their two hour training session plan.

Trainer's notes: The same as above but be sure that the participants understand that they are only designing a two hour training session, the components of which are the work from each of the three small groups.

Switch rooms 5 minutes

d. Small groups 40 minutes

The same procedures as above are followed, but each team is now in a different room working on a new training technique. Step 2 is eliminated for the participants are continuing with the topic chosen during the preceding activity. They remain in the same triad and add the newly designed activity to their two hour training session plan, which they are now completing. Trainer's notes: The same as above.

e. Review of session plans 10 minutes

All of the session plans are taped to the walls of the main training room and the participants regather. They walk around the room looking at all of the different plans that have been written during the small group work.

Trainer’s notes: Use this as a time for the participants to regather. Though not officially a break, it can be used as a transition to the group discussion.

Materials: completed session plans, tape

Discussion 20 minutes

The trainer then leads a reflection on the afternoon's work.

- Which of the training techniques do you like the best? Why?

- Which were easy to design? Which were difficult to design?

- Which do you think are the most appropriate for your work as a teacher trainer? Why? Which techniques may be difficult to use in this culture and society? Why?

Trainer's notes: This discussion is meant to both sum up the afternoon's work, and to serve as a forum for sharing ideas.