Cover Image
close this book A world safe from natural disasters
View the document Table of contents
View the document Foreword
View the document Acknowledgements
close this folder Chapter 1: No shortcuts to disaster reduction
View the document From Ad Hoc response to preparedness
View the document From preparedness to prevention
View the document A new focus
close this folder Chapter 2: An overview of the region
View the document The people and their history
View the document Geography
View the document Climate
View the document Demographic trends
View the document Urbanization
View the document Production
View the document Socioeconomic aspects
View the document Health, sanitation, and education
View the document The political process
View the document Conclusions
close this folder Chapter 3: What puts Latin America and the Caribbean at risk?
View the document Natural hazards in Latin America and the Caribbean
View the document Geological hazards
View the document Hydrometeorolocical hazards
View the document Vulnerability
View the document The relationship between disaster and development
View the document Risk in Latin America and the Caribbean
close this folder Chapter 4: The wake-up call: From improvisation to response planning
View the document The evolution of national response organizations
View the document The evolution of international assistance
View the document New ideas for answering an old call
View the document Conclusions
close this folder Chapter 5: Disaster preparedness takes center stage
View the document The centralized phase: Strengthening relief agencies
View the document The decentralized phase: Preparedness of public sectors and the community
View the document Preparedness as a multisectoral task
View the document Legal evolution of disaster preparedness
View the document Community organization
View the document Collaboration between countries strengthens preparedness
View the document Training: A key to preparedness
View the document The current situation: From preparedness to prevention and mitigation
View the document Specialized preparedness initiatives
View the document The moral of preparedness
close this folder Chapter 6: One step ahead of disasters: Mitigation and prevention
View the document Disaster mitigation: Maps and scenarios for planning
View the document Disaster mitigation and the environment
View the document Mitigating the effects of disaster on infrastructure
View the document The actors - Gathering and applying knowledge
View the document Disaster: A window of opportunity
View the document Conclusions: Disaster mitigation is irreversible
close this folder Chapter 7: Looking toward the future
View the document Toward natural disaster reduction - The actors
View the document The factors
View the document The second half of the decade... and beyond
View the document References
View the document Acronyms

Natural hazards in Latin America and the Caribbean

Natural hazards of all types exist in Latin America and the Caribbean. The most common are classified by their origin: geological, such as earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanoes, and landslides; or hydrometeorological, such as hurricanes, tropical storms, floods, landslides, and drought. Selected natural disasters in Latin America and the Caribbean are listed in Table 3.1.