Cover Image
close this book Basic Husbandry Practices and Veterinary Care
View the document Foreword
View the document Body parts of farm animals
View the document Names of farm animals
View the document Farm animals and their young
View the document Livestock production
View the document Reproduction of poultry
View the document Breeding
View the document Care of calves and kids at birth
View the document Care of piglets
View the document Feeding orphaned animals
View the document Nutrition
View the document Deworming
View the document Vaccination
View the document Castration
View the document Hoof trimming
View the document Dehorning
View the document Clipping milk teeth of piglets
View the document Disinfection of pen and equipment
View the document Waste management and disposal
View the document Pesticides

Livestock production

 

 

Cattle

Buffalo*

Goat

Pig

Sexual maturity**

9 mos

1 year +

6-8 mos

5-6 mos

Breeding age**

14-18 mos

2 years +

10-12 mos

8 mos

Heat cycle

about 3 weeks

about 3 weeks

about 3 weeks

about 3 weeks

Duration of heat

up to 1 day

up to 1 day

1-3 days

1-2 days

Duration of pregnancy

9 months

11 months

5 months

3 months, 3 weeks, 3 days

No. of offspring

1 calf

1 calf

1-3 kids

9 piglets

Milk production

Varies: Local breeds up to8 kg per day for about 10 months, exotic breeds can produce much more.

1-3 kg per day for about 8 months

0.5 liters per day for about3 months

30 days

Weaning age

Depends on management system. Important is that newborn animals are given colostrum (the first milk of a mother) as soon as possible after birth.

     

Castration age

150 days

150 days

30-60 days

14 days

*Figures in this column refer to the Philippine carabao.

**Figures in this table are approximate only. Actual figures may depend on the breed, the individual animal, feeding and other factors.