| First International Symposium: on non-conventional energy technology |
|Energy and gravity|
In the summer of 1927 two scientists. Kowsky and Frost in Poland noted specific anti-gravity properties of crystals. They were pursuing some discoveries in pieze ciomentry made by Meissner of Telelunken whereby it was found that Crystals acuid lose their transparency and change their specific gravity at the same time.
By the oscillations of radio transmitters of several kilowatts at protracted exposure. Kowsky and Frost managed to include an eight hundred percent volume increase to a clear crystal. The small Iightened crystal carried the apparatus which oscillated it as well as a weight of twenty five kilograms suspended from it, floating tree at a height of about two meters above the floor of a laboratory
Shortly after this discovery reports and photographs of the tests were published in the German journal Radio Umschau and in Science and Invention (September 1927 issue).
Those published reports permit a definition of the phenomena in today's terminology
An optical grade quartz crystal 5x2x1.5 mm of defined lattice structure was piezoelecirically overloaded with a resulting opaqueness a growth of volume and a structural change along with specific gravity change The crystal was reported to increase dimensions along one side of two thousand percent (volume increase of 800%) Its weight of approximately one ounce was reduced by an unknown amount during the increase in volume When electrically excited to lift Itself the crystal was capable also of lifting an additional eight hundred and eighty ounces. This lilt occurred when the crystal was subjected to vertical oscillation pressure via direct electrode contacts and transverse oscillation via non-attached electrodes broadcasting radiation with the crystal interposed between them.
Source: Science and Inventions
Radio Frequency Emissions and Magnetostriction of Mass
Magnelostrictive masses emit heat and undergo dimensional changes on a temporary basis when exposed to a varying magnetic field. The molecular alignment of the mass with the field of current induces mechanical pressures that cause a distortion or dimensional change Normally such physical changes have been assumed to be temporary or of unimportant plasticity. Certain non-magnetic substances like dielectric crystals also react to an imposed magnetic field with molecular re-alignment.
The re-alignment causes a crystal distortion in one direction. and with alternating current fields; oscillation occurs. Such is the piezo-electric phenomenon. The angle of turn of the molecule on Its axis is proportional to the "strength'' of the induced magnetic field until a limit of saturation is reached: ''weber angle". or maximum astortion potential of the dielectric.
It additional power is applied to create a still stronger field, molecules that happen to exceed weber angles are wrenched away to migrate along the to form bonds at new positions of equilibrium. The displaced and re-positioned molecules are learned ''deflexions", or displaced ions (Maxwell, Jeans, 1916).
The magnetic susceptibility of a substance varies inversely as the temperature (Curies Law). This experiment potentially justifies a "K", or a susceptibility enhancement by lowered temperatures of the "freeze storage" of all new re-positioning ions, and consequent stability in new positions. Ion bonds form slowly in a dielectric heated by intense magnetic field changes, known as 'inductance heating'. Cooling of the dielectric by air currents around the dielectric which draw off heat allows the dielectric to escape destruction by melting, brittle fracture, or other heat-caused affects.
The migration of displaced ions is to a surface area of the dielectric. where the heat sink phenomena allows a re-bonding temperature.
Known research in electric action versus dielectrics leads to other supporting information about the physical phenomenon.
- Helmholiz: The value of ''K'' changes in a dielectric when it is subjected to distortion (K equals the dielectric constant ocular of that mass)
- Maxwell: With displacement, the density at the medium (crystal structure) is changed so that as molecular structure is changed: as is its ''K''
- The K of quartz depends on the direction of the imposed magnetic field "relative" to the crystal axis A vertical K of quartz is 4.55. and horizontal K is 4.49 where K is a reaction to the Earth's field
- Magnetic conduction in a dielectric is altered as it the properties of the medium were altered during conduction by a change of the dielectric constant of the mass itself.
So far the phenomenon appears not to be rejected by known physical actions About the phenomenon itself, a brief theoretical model may be postulated.
This may be a stress model of mass where changes of internal stress induce 'deformation of mass'. Thus the model suggests a 'two-part' investigation; (1) the stress model, (2) the later physical phenomena produced as a product of distortion, and the physical performance relative to change.
The Stress Model
The electric force between charged particles is independent of the masses of energies of the particles, and depends only on their charge: whereas, the gravitational force is proportional to the masses themselves. Since in special relatively mass and energy are related by E = mc2. the 'strength' of the gravitational field increases as the energies of the virtual particles increase.
An artificially induced increased 'stress' in mass increases the energy of both virtual particles and gravely.
In an electron flow such as common electricity along a conductor, the 'pressure' of the flow affects the mass of the conductor by several methods
1. free electrons are displaced by induced energy.
2. torque from electrical action is applied to the mass
3. stresses are induced within the mass
4. compression is induced within the mass.
5. structure bonds are affected by such imposed stresses.
6. ion orbital structure is relative to the induced energy, greater energy produces energy absorption with smaller orbits, higher velocities, (packing fraction)
The electrostatic attraction of one object to another depends on charge, shape, and surface area; but the magnetic attraction to a fragment of dielectric is a molecular phenomenon 'independent of shape', but not surface area. A non-magnetic body will be components of/or magnetic particles when a magnetic field is imposed; ie an attraction. Finally, a magnetic field will exist in a dielectric after when an induced tied changes, or is no longer imposed. So it may be assumed that an intense magnetic field is the one force which is capable of externally affecting the dielectric molecular axis change.
Alternating currents produce heal and a magnetic field, in a dielectric to a depth proportional to the square roof of the oscillation period. and to the applied strength. A magnetic particle, or ion, is capable of repositioning, where 'all mass particles are also susceptible. Unlike metals, a dielectric 'acts' as if it conducts one hundred percent of any imposed field. This is the single most important difference.
The molecular phenomenon may occur 'only' in a dielectric mass, and not in a metal. The magnetic conduction proportional to field depth with a strength sufficient to dislodge ions eliminates metals (exception: Bismuth) due to skin affect. The dielectric conduction of one hundred percent of imposed fields ''throughout'' the mass allows The 'total' mass to be involved, eliminating skin affect. So. it will affect al, crystalline lattice structures (therefore metals affected). however The optimum solution for maximum affect of this phenomenon may reside within the electrical characteristics of dielectric.
Magnetic Induction Currents
Magnetic induction postulated as a solenoidal introduction throughout the trend in the interior of the mass (all points equal) can occur in a dielectric, but not in a metal Magnelostriction of dielectrics: there is an expansion of mass proportional to the induced strains (internal) to release pressure. This is a known accepted phenomenon There are 'diamagnetic' currents induced in the same crystal (opposite to magnetic) about which little is known tour which has been photographed at Gallimore Labs. Such currents are always found in 'stressed masses'.
Crystal Expansion Confirmed
Crystal expansion was examined from actual replication of the … frost experiment.
The crystal will have intense infernal strains generally only in … of applied fields producing expansion and diamagnetic currents of unknown effects or phenomena. (Many phenomena were detected).
The revised theory of phenomenon is stated as: The molecular motion and reaction of mass to intense magnetic fields may change the structure of the (dielectric) mass it the imposed field strength exceeds a force needed to rotate fixed molecules past Webers angle. where the result would be a dislocation of the molecule from the mass structure. Given this field straight, it is almost certain that the re-positioning of molecules will change the normal lattice structure and will be accompanied by permanent expansion of the dielectric along the vector of the imposed field.
Such diamagnetic currents as exist will be intense and could produce a host of phenomena. The proposed 'Anti-gravity phenomena fall within an 'acceptable' but not proven phenomena at the present lime.
It is noted that from the Chicago College on Gravity Research that a 60 Hz alternating current imposed on a solenoid when placed under an aluminum plate will cause the plate to heal. as well as 'lift' upwards as much as eleven inches. Such a lifting effect cannot come from magnetic actions but may come from molecular actions and the little known diamagnetic currents.
Since magnetic fields in alternating currents become stronger as the frequency increases higher frequencies are found more efficient in producing the 'stress fields' producing lift phenomena.
Of interest is that one dielectric has been shown to fall' more slowly under 'natural' conditions than any mass should fall it Is unknown whether aluminum silicate reacts to existent low intensity magnetic fields or whether it has an excessive diamagnetic current capability occurring naturally.
The expanded crystal has been found to be both effervescent and deliquescent. This is unusual in a single mass to absorb and release water like a sponge where the material (silicon dioxide) is neither an absorber or emitter prior to change of the mass structure a degeneration of the structure is seen after one water cycle, and apparently not repeatable.
The Kowsky and Frost experiment was reported to have a visual sighting of air currents flowing around the crystal when under electrical excitation. Il is a fact that the air currents so described are a reality but are not known to exist by crystallographers. unless they have considerable experience In electrical resting. Likewise electrical testers and engineers are not likely to have witnessed this. Il is here noted that air Currents have been found around excited (oscillating) crystals but only when a frequency band of one hundred kilocycles to tour hundred eighty kilocycles Is utilized. This is further verification of actual research toeing in the frequency range specified, and of a true research sighting being transmitted.
An expanded lattice crystal has been found to produce a remarkable phenomenon: when an 'imbalance occurs by stress changes in a 'stress balanced' crystal. electricity is produced
A crystal 'grown' in an unbalanced stale will 'convert one hundred percent of all radiation reaching it to electricity'.
The following equation is only generalized, and its veracity should be questioned . lt may be a guideline of potential results. The resulting values are indicative within limits of what can be expected experimentally
Example 2000 wails: 5 kg = 300%/777kg=17770 = 2600(150)/100 = 300/100 = 30 kg
Mass Structure and Potential Collapse
All mass is susceptible to change. Dielectrics by having an organized molecular structure are subject to massive change through force applied. It is considered a phenomenon where lattice structure is expanded and re-formed to a new related structure by energy; and that the structure is now a "storage medium'' of great energies by strain locked in structure.
The stability of the medium or rather the changed medium is now questioned as well as its life span A sudden sharp blow or even chemical activity may "detonate" or collapse the new structure with great release of energy. This potential is seen at the present lime to be both real and hazardous. Should the crystal mass be capable of sudden collapse. it could lake one of two forms: sudden disintegration to a powder state or detonation with a massive release of energy perhaps similar to atomic conversion of mass to energy.
Sell Contained Lifting Device
The subject mass utilized in this research has been quartz dielectrics. Quartz unlike many substances does not Shear easily; but has a conchoidal fracture. Providing, it did shear. then the lattice structure could be pried open al selected locations. and slabs of the expanded variety utilized in different applications. Because of the energy storage phenomena it is assumed it cannot be 'sawed' as the shock potential is high, yet proportional to the degree of the crystals line lattice expansion.
The crystal itself will resemble plastic foam in weight and rigidity. Perhaps it could be sliced by a laser or electron beam.
Very little power is required to oscillate the substance for high lift. This and the weight needed to supply that power allows a fully contained device to be a reality. Power applied as frequency would have six basic contacts regardless of design, size, or aerodynamic shape; ie. left side, right side, front, rear, top and bottom.
With solenoid controls, the full range of flight could be obtained, forward. reli, right, up, down, reverse. The control would be by reversing polarities of a given area of surface section so provide the desired result. Each lift/control section would be electrically isolated in a smooth surface design by interposing non-expanded dielectric strips between sections. Such skin or the dielectric isolators could provide shape, rigidity, and supporting design.
Such dielectrics as ceramics display temperature resistance, and could be included as a "skin." However, since speed is fully controllable, there should be no need for heal buildup; simply reduce speed.
In trying to validate mass structure change as proposed, the 'reverse' method of gravitational emission (i.e. "absorption") was used.
It a mass may "produce" radiation under coercion, then it may also be susceptible to that same radiation when exposed thus providing a "reverse phenomenon."
The lattice structure of a dielectric has been proposed as a storage medium of immense energies, when the energy applied produced a 'Deflexion' change (deflected ions) or structural stresses of great magnitude. A first discovery was that by utilizing a 'new' means of electrical excitement, a "commercial" process of Deflexion crystals was realized. In further research, the 'reverse' phenomenon indicates that 'all' dielectrics having 'any' stress components may be susceptible to gravity radiation.
Discovered in 1974, the reverse phenomenon allowed for an on-lime gravity monitor where a dielectric with a known stress component was seen to change proportional to the acting gravitational intensities. Later, in 1978 a new defector was discovered, the difference being that a 'general' stale of stress was utilized here as opposed to a known 'finite' stress.
(J. G. Gallimore)