First International Symposium: on non-conventional energy technology |
Shinichi Seike
As calculated by Lev Davidovich Landau, famous Nobel laureate in Physics (1962), g (gravity) strain energy (also known as the Landau g factor)
is stored throughout the entire terrestrial apace, where
and k stands for Newton's g constant of
With this in mind, it is known that an energy of
is present in our terrestrial apace. This energy is available and could become a clean energy source and be potentially more available than Nuclear Fusion.
It has been, however, difficult to convert it into electric power because it is in a state of negative energy. One is reminded that in Paul A.M. Dirac’s Theory of Particles and Anti-Particles, there are 4 states of entity:
1) Occupied state of positive energy (e.g. electrons and other particles),
2) Unoccupied state of positive energy (e.g. holes as treated in semiconductor physics),
3) Occupied state of negative energy (e.g. holes of positrons in an 'anti-word' if it is present in a remote area of the universe),
4) Unoccupied state of negative energy (e.g. positrons).
States 2) and 3) are in a negative energy state, while states 1) and 4) are considered to be in a positive state.
It is necessary to convert the g strain energy into usable power using holes as in 2) above. From this, g strain energy is composed of holes, as illustrated schematically in Fig. 1. One difference is that the hole in a semiconductor has positive charge while that of g strain energy does not although both are in a negative energy state.
Cross correlation indicates particles and anti-particles while the relation between 1) and 2) shows the inverse relation, from which it follows that the electromagnetic field of holes can be called 'Inverse Electromagnetic Field' and that of positrons 'Anti-Electromagnetic Field'. We should recall that an anti-particle of a photon is identical to itself and, therefore, quanta of inverse electromagnetic field and anti-electromagnetic field are both photons.
A closed amplifier (transistorized coil) can be designed to absorb the g strain energy. As is known, the p type of semiconductor carries holes (unoccupied state of electrons). In order to absorb the g strain energy, such material is required. Though a semiconductor coil is desirable, it is difficult to obtain. Hence, a transistorized coil is selected since either silicon or germanium may be used as transistors. As is shown in Fig. 2, an ordinary amplifier is open. The signal is amplified at the A stage, amplified again at the B stage and finally at the C stage, and then terminates. At this time, it is appropriate to design a closed amplifier as shown in Fig. 3, in which the signal is amplified by the stage A again, after it is done with A, B and C.
Such amplification can continue, giving the device the name Endless Amplifier, and which demonstrates some interesting characteristics. One characteristic is displayed using the circuit diagram in Fig. 4, where three 2SC521A's form the closed amplifier.
Time |
Frequency |
Time |
Frequency |
13:51 |
1.2767 MHz |
14:01 |
1.2666 MHz |
52 |
1.2710 |
02 |
1.2661 |
53 |
1.2707 |
03 |
1.2658 |
54 |
1.2701 |
04 |
1.2655 |
55 |
1.2695 |
05 |
1.2651 |
56 |
1.2689 |
06 |
1.2648 |
57 |
1.2684 |
07 |
1.2645 |
58 |
1.2680 |
08 |
1.2642 |
59 |
1.2678 |
09 |
1.2639 |
14:00 |
1.2670 |
10 |
1.2636 |
Detection of oscillation shows that the frequency of this circuit system decreases with time, as indicated in Table 1.
The oscillation potential exceeds theoretical values as input potential increases.
Often, it is discussed in quantum physics that the energy of quanta is proportional to angular frequency such that:
where
respectively. This result maintains that the energy of the system decreases with time by absorbing negative energy of g using transistors.
The transistorized coil is, at the same time, a 3-phase oscillator where stages A, B and C become the 3 terminals for the 3-phase current. If one feeds in DC voltage between the lines, AC potential must be DC/2 to the single phase, while it in turn must be (DC/2)
N (DC volt) |
5 |
10 |
15 |
(DC/2) (volt) |
4.33 |
8.66 |
13.0 |
OUT (volt) |
3.3 |
7.2 |
21.0 |
Efficiency (%) |
76 |
83 |
162 |
Thus, low input (DC) leads to lower voltage efficiency. But the percentage voltage efficiency exceeds 100% when one feeds in, for example, 15 V DC which, evidently, shows that the holes have managed to flow into the transistorized coil (or Endless Amplifier).
The single phase current is output between GND and Y _{0}. Thus the amplitude is (Y _{0}/2) sin wt. while 3-phase current is
A 12 phase Endless Amp. can be made where the collector loads of 5 k resistors are connected, and coupling condensers of 0.1 MFD. The voltage efficiency was 147%.
We shall next proceed to Nuclear Electric Resonance (NER) in order to obtain sufficient negative energy.
Electrons are in a positive energy state even when their polar angular momentum is in lower half [of the 6-component total angular momentum space: 3 angular, 3 polar], namely, when a physical system is in negative energy state. This is a paradox. Electromagnetic fields should also be in a negative state, for which the inverse electromagnetic field of holes should be applied to NER. Hence, this paradox can be eliminated. This is a reason why we can obtain inverse electromagnetic field with a transistorized coil.
An example of NER can be realized by multi turns of a transistorized coil of torus shape. Physicists have intuitively felt that g strain energy would not be easily obtained, since it is frozen onto the background spacetime. This has, indeed, been true if one uses an ordinary copper coil. However, the use of a transistorized coil makes possible the acquisition of that same energy.
In the center of the system of NER, the torus-shaped transistorized coil, there arises a vertical energy flux, by relativistic momentum equations of dieletrics from 3 spherical capacitors. With an extra output coil we can obtain g strain energy as electric current.
An example of NER model: in one toroid coil 13 transistors are used and they, therefore, generate 13 phase current. If we feed 15 volt DC (stabilized) between lines, output potential becomes 10 V AC between phases, which shows resultant percentage voltage efficiency of 287%.
Multi turns of transistorized coil generates higher percentage efficiency output potential than single turn of that coil, which is about 160%.
Finally, we shall discuss the Biefeld-Brown effect in dielectrics.
The polar angular momentum governed by the Frenkel-Kramers equation (around counter-clockwise direction of cone to static electric field E) of gyromagnetic factor of dielectrics is negative. On the other hand, Einsteinean relation of mass and energy states
and
with respect to mass m ant m', respectively, where W and W' are their energies. Newtonian law of g
becomes
between energy systems of W and W' at the distance of r. Let W be the energy of Earth and W' be that of dielectrics, then the sign of the force becomes negative if W is positive while W' negative. As is well known, the Biefeld-Brown effect occurs as dielectrics are repelled from the earth if the upper electrode of a capacitor is positively charged, while attracted if it is negatively charged.
This phenomenon is considered for Earth of positive energy to repell dielectrics of partially negative energy.
In the former case, a vertical positive static electric field makes the polar momentum of dielectrics precede in the lower half of the total momentum apace, in which it exhibits a partially negative energy State.
In the latter case, it has stronger positive energy state than the polar momentum of dielectrics does in upper half apace. This behaviour belongs to NER, but with an ordinary electromagnetic field. Hence, a high potential of 50 kV DC or greater is required. This high potential can only decrease one percent of the capacitor's dielectric weight. If one wishes to anihilate the total weight of the dielectric, about 500 kV of potential must be supplied. Lower potential would be sufficient if 'holes' electromagnetic field, namely, inverse electromagnetic field is used in NER.
Back to energy alternatives to petroleum. With NER of the semiconductor coil we can obtain countless amounts of g strain energy distributed throughout space, where and when it is required, beyond the limits of sources of supply and transportation requirements. This energy is quite different from ordinary electrical power because it is negative. It will have a low temperature, since the thermal energy of negative energy can be computed to be:
where k and T denote the Boltzmann constant and the Kelvin temperature, respectively. The transistorized coil would scarcely emit heat when a large "hole" current flows; it is quite clean. Yet, a magnetic field can be generated, since a "hole" is also charged.
Only the conversion apparati are required. These apparati belong to the space age. Space is, as it were, the mother of entity because all the particles are born out of it in recourse to the pair production law, of Dirac. All nations, either with or without petroleum and nuclear material, can prosper eternally.