| Including the poor |
Proceedings of a Symposium Organized by the World Bank and the International Food Policy Research Institute
WORLD BANK REGIONAL AND SECTORAL STUDIES
Including the Poor Proceedings of a Symposium Organized by the World Bank and the International Food Policy Research Institute
MICHAEL LIPTON AND JACQUES VAN DER GAAG
The World Bank Washington, D.C.
© 1993 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank
1818 H Street, N.W.,
Washington, D.C. 20433
All rights reserved Manufactured in the United States of America First printing December 1993
The World Bank Regional and Sectoral Studies series provides an outlet for work that is relatively limited in its subject matter or geographical coverage but that contributes to the intellectual foundations of development operations and policy formulation. These studies have not necessarily been edited with the same rigor as Bank publications that carry the imprint of a university press.
The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and should not be attributed in any manner to the World Bank, to its affiliated organizations, or to the members of its Board of Executive Directors or the countries they represent.
The material in this publication is copyrighted. Requests for permission to reproduce portions of it should be sent to the Office of the Publisher at the address shown in the copyright notice above. The World Bank encourages dissemination of its work and will normally give permission promptly and, when the reproduction is for noncommercial purposes, without asking a fee. Permission to copy portions for classroom use is granted through the Copyright Clearance Center, Suite 910, 222 Rosewood Dr., Danvers, Massachusetts 01923, U.S.A.
The complete backlist of publications from the World Bank is shown in the annual Index of Publications, which contains an alphabetical title list and indexes of subjects, authors, and countries and regions. The latest edition is available free of charge from Distribution Unit, Office of the Publisher, The World Bank, 1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20433, U.S.A., or from Publications, The World Bank, 66, avenue d'IÃ©na, 75116 Paris, France.
The map that accompanies the text has been prepared solely for the convenience of the reader, the designations and presentation of material in it do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Bank, its affiliates, or its Board or member countries concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city, or area, or of the authorities thereof, or concerning the delimitation of its boundaries or its national affiliation.
Michael Lipton is Professorial Fellow in Economics at the Institute of Development Studies, Sussex University; at the time of the 1989 World Bank-lFPRI conference on poverty research, he was Program Director of the Food Consumption and Nutrition Program at the International Food Policy Research Institute in Washington. Jacques van der Gaag is Chief of the Human Resources Operations Division in the World Bank's Latin American and the Caribbean Regional Office.
Corer design by Sam Ferro
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Including the poor / edited by Michael Lipton and Jacques van der Gaag.
p. cm. — (World Bank regional and sectoral studies)
Includes bibliographical references and index.
1. Poor—Government policy—Developing countries. 2. Poverty—Government policy—Developing countries
I. Lipton, Michael.
II. Gaag,J. van der.
362.5'8'091724—dc20 93-34793 CIP