Cover Image
close this book Expanding access to science and technology
View the document Note to the reader from the UNU
View the document Preface
View the document Opening address
View the document Opening address
close this folder Session 1: Access to science and technology and the information revolution
close this folder Introduction: Access to science for the benefit of mankind
View the document References
close this folder Keynote presentation: the impact of information technology on the access to science
View the document Abstract
View the document 1. Introduction
View the document 2. Diversity of information requirements
View the document 3. Numeric and factual databases
View the document 4. Evaluation and quality control
View the document 5. Traditional access mechanisms
View the document 6. Electronic access to scientific data
View the document 7. Data as an international commodity
View the document 8. The future
View the document References
close this folder Session 2a: Experiences with international cooperation and the developing countries
close this folder A critical evaluation of experiences and strategies
View the document Abstract
View the document 1. Introduction
View the document 2. Patterns of international cooperation
View the document 3. Selected experiences and strategies
View the document 4. Difficulties of the developing countries: Partners in international cooperation
View the document References
close this folder Session 2b: The technological experience: information resources and networks
close this folder Databases and data banks
View the document Abstract
View the document 1. Introduction
View the document 2. Some figures and definitions
View the document 3. Typology of world databases and data banks
View the document 4. Cooperation among database producers
View the document 5. Database production
View the document 6. Use of databases
View the document 7. Bibliometry applied to STI or scientometry
View the document 8. Hypertext
View the document 9. Multimedia
View the document 10. Economic problems
View the document 11. Ownership, legislation, and copyright problems
View the document 12. Conclusion
View the document Bibliography
close this folder Communication networks
View the document Abstract
View the document 1. Introduction
View the document 2. The narrow-band ISDN
View the document 3. Broad-band ISDN
View the document 4. Concluding remarks
close this folder The electronic library
View the document Abstract
View the document 1. Introduction
View the document 2. Library automation and the electronic library
View the document 3. Other examples of the electronic library
View the document 4. The electronic library of the future
View the document 5. Conclusions
View the document References
View the document Discussion
View the document Panel discussion 1: Achievements and limitations in international cooperation as seen by the developing countries
close this folder Session 3: New technologies and media for information retrieval and transfer
close this folder The potential offered by "extended retrieval"
View the document Abstract
View the document 1. Introduction
View the document 2. Four information retrieval "architectures"
View the document 3. Illustrations of extended retrieval
View the document 4. Some technical issues
View the document 5. Conclusion
View the document References
close this folder Information retrieval: Theory, experiment, and operational systems
View the document Abstract
View the document 1. Scientific communication and information retrieval
View the document 2. Anomalous states of knowledge
View the document 3. Relevance
View the document 4. Early experiments in IR
View the document 5. Language
View the document 6. Boolean logic, search strategy, and intermediaries
View the document 7. Associative methods
View the document 8. Probabilistic models
View the document 9. Information-seeking behaviour
View the document 10. Intelligence
View the document References
close this folder Computerized front-ends in retrieval systems
View the document Abstract
View the document 1. Introduction: The information environment
View the document 2. Definition of front-ends in retrieval systems
View the document 3. Taxonomy of front-ends
View the document 4. Examples of front-ends
View the document 5. Evaluation of front-ends
View the document 6. Directions for research and development
View the document 7. Conclusion: Implications for developing countries
View the document References
close this folder Multimedia technology: A design challenge
View the document Abstract
View the document 1. Introduction
View the document 2. What are communication media and how do they differ?
View the document 3. Are human beings aware of the capabilities of different media?
View the document 4. What can the technology do now?
View the document 5. User centred or design centred?
View the document 6. The PROMISE multimedia interface project
View the document 7. How does one design a multimedia interface?
View the document 8. Some initial guidelines
View the document 9. Conclusions
View the document 10. Acknowledgements
View the document References
View the document Discussion
close this folder Session 4: Intelligent access to information: Part 1
close this folder Simulated man-machine systems as computer-aided information transfer and self-learning tools
View the document Abstract
View the document 1. Introduction
View the document 2. Human interaction with integrated automation in man-machine systems
View the document 3. Knowledge-based information access by means of simulation and self-learning tools
View the document 4. Needs for future research and socio-technical development
View the document References
close this folder Human-centred design of information systems
View the document Abstract
View the document 1. Introduction
View the document 2. Human-centred design
View the document 3. Applications
View the document 4. Lessons learned
View the document 5. Conclusions
View the document References
close this folder Designing interactive systems based on cognitive theories of human information processing
View the document Abstract
View the document Introduction
View the document 1. Hypermedia systems
View the document 2. User-oriented and task-driven system design
View the document 3. SEPIA: A cooperative hypermedia authoring environment
View the document 4. Conclusion
View the document References
close this folder Personal hypermedia systems
View the document Abstract
View the document 1. Introduction
View the document 2. What is hypermedia?
View the document 3. Hypermedia products
View the document 3. How useful is hypermedia for business people?
View the document 4. Executive information systems
View the document 5. Summary
View the document Discussion
close this folder Session 4 : Intelligent access to information: Part 2
close this folder Machine translation
View the document Abstract
View the document 1. A brief history of machine translation
View the document 2. System configurations
View the document 3. Ability of current machine translation systems
View the document 4. Introduction and use of machine translation
View the document 5. Evaluation factors of machine translation systems
View the document 6. Japanese machine translation systems
View the document 7. Japanese governmental efforts
View the document 8. Dictionary
View the document 9. State of the art in Europe and the United States
View the document 10. The international association for machine translation
View the document 11. The future of MT
close this folder The new world of computing: The sub-language paradigm
View the document Abstract
View the document 1. Prologue
View the document 2. Obstacles to the development of the telephone-computer
View the document 3. Sub-language: a new paradigm
View the document 4. The implementation of sub-languages
View the document 5. The creation and basing of sub-languages
View the document 6. Networking in the telephone-computer era
View the document 7. All of the world's information
View the document 8. The new world of computing applications development environment
View the document 9. Toward an efficient organization of the software and data provider industry
View the document 10. The vision and the realization
View the document 11. Epilogue
View the document Notes
close this folder Real-world computing and flexible information access: MITI's new programme
View the document Abstract
View the document 1. Introduction
View the document 2. Background
View the document 3. The concept of real-world computing
View the document 4. Outline of RWC programme
View the document 5. Theoretical foundation
View the document 6. Novel functions for application
View the document 7. Computational bases
View the document 8. Research organization and plan
View the document References
View the document Discussion
close this folder Session 5: From new technologies to new modalities of cooperation
close this folder Systems management for information technology development
View the document Abstract
View the document 1. Introduction
View the document 2. A gateway strategy for information technology developments
View the document 3. Knowledge facets for systems integration and information technology development
View the document 4. A newness matrix approach to information technology development
View the document 5. Phased life cycles for system acquisition
View the document 6. Evaluation of technologies
View the document 7. Information technology perspectives
View the document 8. Summary
View the document References
close this folder A role for the UNU/IIST: Developing countries' access to new information technologies
View the document Abstract
View the document 1. Part 1: UNU/IIST
View the document 2. Part 2: Advanced applications
View the document 3. Part 3: Advanced technologies
View the document 4. Conclusion
View the document References
close this folder The potential of information technologies for international cooperation
View the document Abstract
View the document 1. The new technologies
View the document 2. Information and knowledge
View the document 3. Activities of some international bodies in information technologies cooperation
View the document 4. Educational strategies
View the document 5. Developing countries
View the document 6. Negative tendencies and illusions
View the document References
View the document Discussion
View the document Panel discussion 2: Towards new modalities of international cooperation
View the document Closing remarks
View the document Contributors
View the document Other titles of interest

Expanding access to science and technology

Edited by Ines Wesley-Tanaskovic, Jacques Tocatlian, and Kenneth H. Roberts

Expanding Access to Science and Technology: The Role of Information Technologies

Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on the Frontiers of Science and Technology Held in Kyoto, Japan, 12-14 May 1992

The United Nations University

Tokyo, Japan

© The United Nations University, 1994

The views expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations University.

United Nations University Press

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Cover design by Takashi Suzuki

UNUP-844

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United Nations Sales No. E.94.III.A.1

04700 P

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